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Subject[PATCH bpf-next v1 3/8] bpf: Introduce help function to validate ksym's type.
From
For a ksym to be safely dereferenced and accessed, its type defined in
bpf program should basically match its type defined in kernel. Implement
a help function for a quick matching, which is used by libbpf when
resolving the kernel btf_id of a ksym.

Signed-off-by: Hao Luo <haoluo@google.com>
---
tools/lib/bpf/btf.c | 171 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/lib/bpf/btf.h | 2 +
2 files changed, 173 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
index a3d259e614b0..2ff31f244d7a 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.c
@@ -1005,6 +1005,177 @@ int btf__get_map_kv_tids(const struct btf *btf, const char *map_name,
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Basic type check for ksym support. Only checks type kind and resolved size.
+ */
+static inline
+bool btf_ksym_equal_type(const struct btf *ba, __u32 type_a,
+ const struct btf *bb, __u32 type_b)
+{
+ const struct btf_type *ta, *tb;
+
+ ta = btf__type_by_id(ba, type_a);
+ tb = btf__type_by_id(bb, type_b);
+
+ /* compare type kind */
+ if (btf_kind(ta) != btf_kind(tb))
+ return false;
+
+ /* compare resolved type size */
+ return btf__resolve_size(ba, type_a) == btf__resolve_size(bb, type_b);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Match a ksym's type defined in bpf programs against its type encoded in
+ * kernel btf.
+ */
+bool btf_ksym_type_match(const struct btf *ba, __u32 id_a,
+ const struct btf *bb, __u32 id_b)
+{
+ const struct btf_type *ta = btf__type_by_id(ba, id_a);
+ const struct btf_type *tb = btf__type_by_id(bb, id_b);
+ int i;
+
+ /* compare type kind */
+ if (btf_kind(ta) != btf_kind(tb)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:mismatched type kind (%d v.s. %d).\n",
+ __func__, btf_kind(ta), btf_kind(tb));
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ switch (btf_kind(ta)) {
+ case BTF_KIND_INT: { /* compare size and encoding */
+ __u32 ea, eb;
+
+ if (ta->size != tb->size) {
+ pr_warn("%s:INT size mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, ta->size, tb->size);
+ return false;
+ }
+ ea = *(__u32 *)(ta + 1);
+ eb = *(__u32 *)(tb + 1);
+ if (ea != eb) {
+ pr_warn("%s:INT encoding mismatch (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, ea, eb);
+ return false;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_ARRAY: { /* compare type and number of elements */
+ const struct btf_array *ea, *eb;
+
+ ea = btf_array(ta);
+ eb = btf_array(tb);
+ if (!btf_ksym_equal_type(ba, ea->type, bb, eb->type)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:ARRAY elem type mismatch.\n", __func__);
+ return false;
+ }
+ if (ea->nelems != eb->nelems) {
+ pr_warn("%s:ARRAY nelems mismatch (%d v.s. %d)\n",
+ __func__, ea->nelems, eb->nelems);
+ return false;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_STRUCT:
+ case BTF_KIND_UNION: { /* compare size, vlen and member offset, name */
+ const struct btf_member *ma, *mb;
+
+ if (ta->size != tb->size) {
+ pr_warn("%s:STRUCT size mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, ta->size, tb->size);
+ return false;
+ }
+ if (btf_vlen(ta) != btf_vlen(tb)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:STRUCT vlen mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, btf_vlen(ta), btf_vlen(tb));
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ ma = btf_members(ta);
+ mb = btf_members(tb);
+ for (i = 0; i < btf_vlen(ta); i++, ma++, mb++) {
+ const char *na, *nb;
+
+ if (ma->offset != mb->offset) {
+ pr_warn("%s:STRUCT field offset mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, ma->offset, mb->offset);
+ return false;
+ }
+ na = btf__name_by_offset(ba, ma->name_off);
+ nb = btf__name_by_offset(bb, mb->name_off);
+ if (strcmp(na, nb)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:STRUCT field name mismatch, (%s v.s. %s)\n",
+ __func__, na, nb);
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_ENUM: { /* compare vlen and member value, name */
+ const struct btf_enum *ma, *mb;
+
+ if (btf_vlen(ta) != btf_vlen(tb)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:ENUM vlen mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, btf_vlen(ta), btf_vlen(tb));
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ ma = btf_enum(ta);
+ mb = btf_enum(tb);
+ for (i = 0; i < btf_vlen(ta); i++, ma++, mb++) {
+ if (ma->val != mb->val) {
+ pr_warn("%s:ENUM val mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, ma->val, mb->val);
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_PTR: { /* naive compare of ref type for PTR */
+ if (!btf_ksym_equal_type(ba, ta->type, bb, tb->type)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:PTR ref type mismatch.\n", __func__);
+ return false;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO: { /* naive compare of vlen and param types */
+ const struct btf_param *pa, *pb;
+
+ if (btf_vlen(ta) != btf_vlen(tb)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:FUNC_PROTO vlen mismatch, (%u v.s. %u)\n",
+ __func__, btf_vlen(ta), btf_vlen(tb));
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ pa = btf_params(ta);
+ pb = btf_params(tb);
+ for (i = 0; i < btf_vlen(ta); i++, pa++, pb++) {
+ if (!btf_ksym_equal_type(ba, pa->type, bb, pb->type)) {
+ pr_warn("%s:FUNC_PROTO params type mismatch.\n",
+ __func__);
+ return false;
+ }
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case BTF_KIND_FUNC:
+ case BTF_KIND_CONST:
+ case BTF_KIND_VOLATILE:
+ case BTF_KIND_RESTRICT:
+ case BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF:
+ case BTF_KIND_VAR:
+ case BTF_KIND_DATASEC:
+ pr_warn("unexpected type for matching ksym types.\n");
+ return false;
+ default:
+ pr_warn("unsupported btf types.\n");
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
struct btf_ext_sec_setup_param {
__u32 off;
__u32 len;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h
index 91f0ad0e0325..5ef220e52485 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/btf.h
@@ -52,6 +52,8 @@ LIBBPF_API int btf__get_map_kv_tids(const struct btf *btf, const char *map_name,
__u32 expected_key_size,
__u32 expected_value_size,
__u32 *key_type_id, __u32 *value_type_id);
+LIBBPF_API bool btf_ksym_type_match(const struct btf *ba, __u32 id_a,
+ const struct btf *bb, __u32 id_b);

LIBBPF_API struct btf_ext *btf_ext__new(__u8 *data, __u32 size);
LIBBPF_API void btf_ext__free(struct btf_ext *btf_ext);
--
2.28.0.220.ged08abb693-goog
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