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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/2] xen: add helpers to allocate unpopulated memory
On Wed, Aug 12, 2020 at 09:28:45AM +0200, Jürgen Groß wrote:
> On 11.08.20 11:44, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
> > To be used in order to create foreign mappings. This is based on the
> > ZONE_DEVICE facility which is used by persistent memory devices in
> > order to create struct pages and kernel virtual mappings for the IOMEM
> > areas of such devices. Note that on kernels without support for
> > ZONE_DEVICE Xen will fallback to use ballooned pages in order to
> > create foreign mappings.
> >
> > The newly added helpers use the same parameters as the existing
> > {alloc/free}_xenballooned_pages functions, which allows for in-place
> > replacement of the callers. Once a memory region has been added to be
> > used as scratch mapping space it will no longer be released, and pages
> > returned are kept in a linked list. This allows to have a buffer of
> > pages and prevents resorting to frequent additions and removals of
> > regions.
> >
> > If enabled (because ZONE_DEVICE is supported) the usage of the new
> > functionality untangles Xen balloon and RAM hotplug from the usage of
> > unpopulated physical memory ranges to map foreign pages, which is the
> > correct thing to do in order to avoid mappings of foreign pages depend
> > on memory hotplug.
> >
> > Note the driver is currently not enabled on Arm platforms because it
> > would interfere with the identity mapping required on some platforms.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
> > ---
> > Cc: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
> > Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
> > Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch>
> > Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
> > Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
> > Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
> > Cc: Roger Pau Monne <roger.pau@citrix.com>
> > Cc: Wei Liu <wl@xen.org>
> > Cc: Yan Yankovskyi <yyankovskyi@gmail.com>
> > Cc: dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> > Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
> > Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> > Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> > ---
> > Changes since v3:
> > - Introduce a Kconfig option that gates the addition of the
> > unpopulated alloc driver. This allows to easily disable it on Arm
> > platforms.
> > - Dropped Juergen RB due to the addition of the Kconfig option.
> > - Switched from MEMORY_DEVICE_DEVDAX to MEMORY_DEVICE_GENERIC.
> >
> > Changes since v2:
> > - Drop BUILD_BUG_ON regarding PVMMU page sizes.
> > - Use a SPDX license identifier.
> > - Call fill with only the minimum required number of pages.
> > - Include xen.h header in xen_drm_front_gem.c.
> > - Use less generic function names.
> > - Exit early from the init function if not a PV guest.
> > - Don't use all caps for region name.
> > ---
> > drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c | 9 +-
> > drivers/xen/Kconfig | 4 +
> > drivers/xen/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/xen/balloon.c | 4 +-
> > drivers/xen/grant-table.c | 4 +-
> > drivers/xen/privcmd.c | 4 +-
> > drivers/xen/unpopulated-alloc.c | 185 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c | 6 +-
> > drivers/xen/xlate_mmu.c | 4 +-
> > include/xen/xen.h | 9 ++
> > 10 files changed, 215 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/xen/unpopulated-alloc.c
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/xen/Kconfig b/drivers/xen/Kconfig
> > index 1d339ef92422..018020b91baa 100644
> > --- a/drivers/xen/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/xen/Kconfig
> > @@ -327,4 +327,8 @@ config XEN_HAVE_VPMU
> > config XEN_FRONT_PGDIR_SHBUF
> > tristate
> > +config XEN_UNPOPULATED_ALLOC
> > + bool
> > + default y if ZONE_DEVICE && !ARM && !ARM64
>
> There is a current effort to enable Xen on RISC-V. Do we expect this
> option to be usable for this architecture?

It will depend on whether the Xen RISC-V implementation mandates an
IOMMU, for example Arm doesn't and hence uses an identity p2m for
dom0. If RISC-V does the same then I would assume this won't be
suitable as-is (not that it couldn't be made to work).

IMO it wasn't clear from the community call what was the RISC-V port
position regarding this, but IIRC the IOMMU spec for RISC-V was behind
the virtualization one, so it's likely that quite a lot of hardware
will have hardware virtualization support but no IOMMU, in which case
I think it's likely the RISC-V port will follow Arm and implement an
identity p2m.

> If yes, I'm fine with the
> exclusion of Arm, otherwise I'd opt for defaulting to yes only for
> X86.
>
> Either way you can have my:
>
> Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>

Thanks. Feel free to change the 'ZONE_DEVICE && !ARM && !ARM64' to
'ZONE_DEVICE && X86' if you think it's safer.

Roger.

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