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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86/pmu: Add '.exclude_hv = 1' for guest perf_event
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On 2020/8/12 19:32, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> On 12/08/20 13:11, peterz@infradead.org wrote:
>>> x86 does not have a hypervisor privilege level, so it never uses
>> Arguably it does when Xen, but I don't think we support that, so *phew*.
> Yeah, I suppose you could imagine having paravirtualized perf counters
> where the Xen privileged domain could ask Xen to run perf counters on
> itself.
>
>>> exclude_hv; exclude_host already excludes all root mode activity for
>>> both ring0 and ring3.
>> Right, but we want to tighten the permission checks and not excluding_hv
>> is just sloppy.
> I would just document that it's ignored as it doesn't make sense. ARM64
> does that too, for new processors where the kernel is not itself split
> between supervisor and hypervisor privilege levels.
>
> There are people that are trying to run Linux-based firmware and have
> SMM handlers as part of the kernel. Perhaps they could use exclude_hv
> to exclude the SMM handlers from perf (if including them is possible at
> all).
Hi Paolo,

My proposal is to define:
the "hypervisor privilege levels" events in the KVM/x86 context as
all the host kernel events plus /dev/kvm user space events.

If we add ".exclude_hv = 1" in the pmc_reprogram_counter(),
do you see any side effect to cover the above usages?

The fact that exclude_hv has never been used in x86 does help
the generic perf code to handle permission checks in a more concise way.

Thanks,
Like Xu
>> The thing is, we very much do not want to allow unpriv user to be able
>> to create: exclude_host=1, exclude_guest=0 counters (they currently
>> can).
> That would be the case of an unprivileged user that wants to measure
> performance of its guests. It's a scenario that makes a lot of sense,
> are you worried about side channels? Can perf-events on guests leak
> more about the host than perf-events on a random userspace program?
>
>> Also, exclude_host is really poorly defined:
>>
>> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200806091827.GY2674@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net
>>
>> "Suppose we have nested virt:
>>
>> L0-hv
>> |
>> G0/L1-hv
>> |
>> G1
>>
>> And we're running in G0, then:
>>
>> - 'exclude_hv' would exclude L0 events
>> - 'exclude_host' would ... exclude L1-hv events?
>> - 'exclude_guest' would ... exclude G1 events?
> From the point of view of G0, L0 *does not exist at all*. You just
> cannot see L0 events if you're running in G0.
>
> exclude_host/exclude_guest are the right definition.
>
>> Then the next question is, if G0 is a host, does the L1-hv run in
>> G0 userspace or G0 kernel space?
> It's mostly kernel, but sometimes you're interested in events from QEMU
> or whoever else has opened /dev/kvm. In that case you care about G0
> userspace too.
>
>> The way it is implemented, you basically have to always set
>> exclude_host=0, even if there is no virt at all and you want to measure
>> your own userspace thing -- which is just weird.
> I understand regretting having exclude_guest that way; include_guest
> (defaulting to 0!) would have made more sense. But defaulting to
> exclude_host==0 makes sense: if there is no virt at all, memset(0) does
> the right thing so it does not seem weird to me.
>
>> I suppose the 'best' option at this point is something like:
>>
>> /*
>> * comment that explains the trainwreck.
>> */
>> if (!exclude_host && !exclude_guest)
>> exclude_guest = 1;
>>
>> if ((!exclude_hv || !exclude_guest) && !perf_allow_kernel())
>> return -EPERM;
>>
>> But that takes away the possibility of actually having:
>> 'exclude_host=0, exclude_guest=0' to create an event that measures both,
>> which also sucks.
> In fact both of the above "if"s suck. :(
>
> Paolo
>

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