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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] mm, page_alloc: fix core hung in free_pcppages_bulk()
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On 12.08.20 11:46, Charan Teja Kalla wrote:
>
> Thanks David for the inputs.
>
> On 8/12/2020 2:35 AM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> On 11.08.20 14:58, Charan Teja Reddy wrote:
>>> The following race is observed with the repeated online, offline and a
>>> delay between two successive online of memory blocks of movable zone.
>>>
>>> P1 P2
>>>
>>> Online the first memory block in
>>> the movable zone. The pcp struct
>>> values are initialized to default
>>> values,i.e., pcp->high = 0 &
>>> pcp->batch = 1.
>>>
>>> Allocate the pages from the
>>> movable zone.
>>>
>>> Try to Online the second memory
>>> block in the movable zone thus it
>>> entered the online_pages() but yet
>>> to call zone_pcp_update().
>>> This process is entered into
>>> the exit path thus it tries
>>> to release the order-0 pages
>>> to pcp lists through
>>> free_unref_page_commit().
>>> As pcp->high = 0, pcp->count = 1
>>> proceed to call the function
>>> free_pcppages_bulk().
>>> Update the pcp values thus the
>>> new pcp values are like, say,
>>> pcp->high = 378, pcp->batch = 63.
>>> Read the pcp's batch value using
>>> READ_ONCE() and pass the same to
>>> free_pcppages_bulk(), pcp values
>>> passed here are, batch = 63,
>>> count = 1.
>>>
>>> Since num of pages in the pcp
>>> lists are less than ->batch,
>>> then it will stuck in
>>> while(list_empty(list)) loop
>>> with interrupts disabled thus
>>> a core hung.
>>>
>>> Avoid this by ensuring free_pcppages_bulk() is called with proper count
>>> of pcp list pages.
>>>
>>> The mentioned race is some what easily reproducible without [1] because
>>> pcp's are not updated for the first memory block online and thus there
>>> is a enough race window for P2 between alloc+free and pcp struct values
>>> update through onlining of second memory block.
>>>
>>> With [1], the race is still exists but it is very much narrow as we
>>> update the pcp struct values for the first memory block online itself.
>>>
>>> [1]: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11696389/
>>>
>>
>> IIUC, this is not limited to the movable zone, it could also happen in
>> corner cases with the normal zone (e.g., hotplug to a node that only has
>> DMA memory, or no other memory yet).
>
> Yes, this is my understanding too. I explained the above race in terms
> of just movable zone for which it is observed. We can add the below line
> in the end in patch commit message:
> "This is not limited to the movable zone, it could also happen in cases
> with the normal zone (e.g., hotplug to a node that only has DMA memory,
> or no other memory yet)."

Yeah, that makes sense!

>
> Just curious, there exists such systems where just a dma zone present
> and we hot add the normal zone? I am not aware such thing in the
> embedded world.

You can easily create such setups using QEMU.

IIRC, just specify a QEMU guest with 2G initial memory and a single NUMA
node, or 4G initial memory and two NUMA nodes. Then hotplug memory.

(IIRC kata containers always start a VM with 2G and then hotplug memory)

>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Charan Teja Reddy <charante@codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>>
>>> v1: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11707637/
>>>
>>> mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
>>> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
>>> index e4896e6..839039f 100644
>>> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
>>> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
>>> @@ -1304,6 +1304,11 @@ static void free_pcppages_bulk(struct zone *zone, int count,
>>> struct page *page, *tmp;
>>> LIST_HEAD(head);
>>>
>>> + /*
>>> + * Ensure proper count is passed which otherwise would stuck in the
>>> + * below while (list_empty(list)) loop.
>>> + */
>>> + count = min(pcp->count, count);
>>> while (count) {
>>> struct list_head *list;
>>>
>>>
>>
>> Fixes: and Cc: stable... tags?
>
> Fixes: 5f8dcc21211a ("page-allocator: split per-cpu list into
> one-list-per-migrate-type")
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [2.6+]

Did we have memory hotplug support then already?

>
> I am not sure If I should have to raise V3 including these?


Maybe Andrew can fixup when applying.


--
Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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