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SubjectRe: file metadata via fs API (was: [GIT PULL] Filesystem Information)
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On 8/11/2020 8:39 AM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>
>> On Aug 11, 2020, at 8:20 AM, Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>>
>> [ I missed the beginning of this discussion, so maybe this was already
>> suggested ]
>>
>>> On Tue, Aug 11, 2020 at 6:54 AM Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu> wrote:
>>>
>>>> E.g.
>>>> openat(AT_FDCWD, "foo/bar//mnt/info", O_RDONLY | O_ALT);
>>> Proof of concept patch and test program below.
>> I don't think this works for the reasons Al says, but a slight
>> modification might.
>>
>> IOW, if you do something more along the lines of
>>
>> fd = open(""foo/bar", O_PATH);
>> metadatafd = openat(fd, "metadataname", O_ALT);
>>
>> it might be workable.
>>
>> So you couldn't do it with _one_ pathname, because that is always
>> fundamentally going to hit pathname lookup rules.
>>
>> But if you start a new path lookup with new rules, that's fine.
>>
>> This is what I think xattrs should always have done, because they are
>> broken garbage.
>>
>> In fact, if we do it right, I think we could have "getxattr()" be 100%
>> equivalent to (modulo all the error handling that this doesn't do, of
>> course):
>>
>> ssize_t getxattr(const char *path, const char *name,
>> void *value, size_t size)
>> {known
>> int fd, attrfd;
>>
>> fd = open(path, O_PATH);
>> attrfd = openat(fd, name, O_ALT);
>> close(fd);
>> read(attrfd, value, size);
>> close(attrfd);
>> }
>>
>> and you'd still use getxattr() and friends as a shorthand (and for
>> POSIX compatibility), but internally in the kernel we'd have a
>> interface around that "xattrs are just file handles" model.

This doesn't work so well for setxattr(), which we want to be atomic.

> This is a lot like a less nutty version of NTFS streams, whereas the /// idea is kind of like an extra-nutty version of NTFS streams.
>
> I am personally not a fan of the in-band signaling implications of overloading /. For example, there is plenty of code out there that thinks that (a + “/“ + b) concatenates paths. With /// overloaded, this stops being true.

Since a////////b has known meaning, and lots of applications
play loose with '/', its really dangerous to treat the string as
special. We only get away with '.' and '..' because their behavior
was defined before many of y'all were born.


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