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Subject[PATCH 4/4] perf-probe: Warn if the target function is GNU Indirect function
Warn if the probe target function is GNU indirect function (GNU_IFUNC)
because it may not what the user want to probe.

The GNU indirect function ( )
is the dynamic solved symbol at runtime. IFUNC function is a selector
which is invoked from the elf loader, but the symbol address of the
function which will be modified by the IFUNC is same as the IFUNC in
the symbol table. This can confuse users who is trying to probe on
such functions.

For example, the memcpy is one of IFUNC.

# perf probe -x /lib64/ -a memcpy
# perf probe -l
probe_libc:memcpy (on __new_memcpy_ifunc@x86_64/multiarch/memcpy.c in /usr/lib64/

the probe is put on a IFUNC.

# perf record -e probe_libc:memcpy --call-graph dwarf -aR ./perf
# perf script
perf 1742 [000] 26201.715632: probe_libc:memcpy: (7fdaa53824c0)
7fdaa53824c0 __new_memcpy_ifunc+0x0 (inlined)
7fdaa5d4a980 elf_machine_rela+0x6c0 (inlined)
7fdaa5d4a980 elf_dynamic_do_Rela+0x6c0 (inlined)
7fdaa5d4a980 _dl_relocate_object+0x6c0 (/usr/lib64/
7fdaa5d42155 dl_main+0x1cc5 (/usr/lib64/
7fdaa5d5831a _dl_sysdep_start+0x54a (/usr/lib64/
7fdaa5d3ffeb _dl_start_final+0x25b (inlined)
7fdaa5d3ffeb _dl_start+0x25b (/usr/lib64/
7fdaa5d3f117 .annobin_rtld.c+0x7 (inlined)

And the event is invoked from the elf loader instead of the target
program's main code.

Moreover, at this moment, we can not probe on the function which will
be selected by the IFUNC, because it is determined at runtime. But
uprobe will be prepared before running the target binary.

Thus, I decided to warn user when the perf probe detects the probe point
is on the GNU IFUNC symbol. Someone who wants to probe an IFUNC symbol to
debug the IFUNC function, they can ignore this warning.

Reported-by: Andi Kleen <>
Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <>
tools/perf/util/probe-event.c | 5 +++++
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
index 1e95a336862c..671176d39569 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/probe-event.c
@@ -379,6 +379,11 @@ static int find_alternative_probe_point(struct debuginfo *dinfo,
address = sym->start;
address = map->unmap_ip(map, sym->start) - map->reloc;
+ if (sym->type == STT_GNU_IFUNC) {
+ pr_warning("Warning: The probe address (0x%lx) is in a GNU indirect function.\n"
+ "This may not work as you expected unless you intend to probe the indirect function.\n",
+ (unsigned long)address);
+ }
if (!address) {
 \ /
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