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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/22] add support for Clang LTO
On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 04:20:59PM -0700, Sami Tolvanen wrote:
> Hi Masahiro,
>
> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 01:56:19AM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> > I also got an error for
> > ARCH=arm64 allyesconfig + CONFIG_LTO_CLANG=y
> >
> >
> >
> > $ make ARCH=arm64 LLVM=1 LLVM_IAS=1
> > CROSS_COMPILE=~/tools/aarch64-linaro-7.5/bin/aarch64-linux-gnu-
> > -j24
> >
> > ...
> >
> > GEN .version
> > CHK include/generated/compile.h
> > UPD include/generated/compile.h
> > CC init/version.o
> > AR init/built-in.a
> > GEN .tmp_initcalls.lds
> > GEN .tmp_symversions.lds
> > LTO vmlinux.o
> > MODPOST vmlinux.symvers
> > MODINFO modules.builtin.modinfo
> > GEN modules.builtin
> > LD .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1
> > ld.lld: error: undefined symbol: __compiletime_assert_905
> > >>> referenced by irqbypass.c
> > >>> vmlinux.o:(jeq_imm)
> > make: *** [Makefile:1161: vmlinux] Error 1
>
> I can reproduce this with ToT LLVM and it's BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(..., "value
> too large for the field") in drivers/net/ethernet/netronome/nfp/bpf/jit.c.
> Specifically, the FIELD_FIT / __BF_FIELD_CHECK macro in ur_load_imm_any.
>
> This compiles just fine with an earlier LLVM revision, so it could be a
> relatively recent regression. I'll take a look. Thanks for catching this!

After spending some time debugging this with Nick, it looks like the
error is caused by a recent optimization change in LLVM, which together
with the inlining of ur_load_imm_any into jeq_imm, changes a runtime
check in FIELD_FIT that would always fail, to a compile-time check that
breaks the build. In jeq_imm, we have:

/* struct bpf_insn: _s32 imm */
u64 imm = insn->imm; /* sign extend */
...
if (imm >> 32) { /* non-zero only if insn->imm is negative */
/* inlined from ur_load_imm_any */
u32 __imm = imm >> 32; /* therefore, always 0xffffffff */

/*
* __imm has a value known at compile-time, which means
* __builtin_constant_p(__imm) is true and we end up with
* essentially this in __BF_FIELD_CHECK:
*/
if (__builtin_constant_p(__imm) && __imm <= 255)
__compiletime_assert_N();

The compile-time check comes from the following BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG:

#define __BF_FIELD_CHECK(_mask, _reg, _val, _pfx) \
...
BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(__builtin_constant_p(_val) ? \
~((_mask) >> __bf_shf(_mask)) & (_val) : 0, \
_pfx "value too large for the field"); \

While we could stop the compiler from performing this optimization by
telling it to never inline ur_load_imm_any, we feel like a better fix
might be to replace FIELD_FIT(UR_REG_IMM_MAX, imm) with a simple imm
<= UR_REG_IMM_MAX check that won't trip a compile-time assertion even
when the condition is known to fail.

Jiong, Jakub, do you see any issues here?

Sami

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