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Subject[PATCH v5 68/75] x86/realmode: Setup AP jump table
Date
From: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>

As part of the GHCB specification, the booting of APs under SEV-ES
requires an AP jump table when transitioning from one layer of code to
another (e.g. when going from UEFI to the OS). As a result, each layer
that parks an AP must provide the physical address of an AP jump table
to the next layer via the hypervisor.

Upon booting of the kernel, read the AP jump table address from the
hypervisor. Under SEV-ES, APs are started using the INIT-SIPI-SIPI
sequence. Before issuing the first SIPI request for an AP, the start
CS and IP is programmed into the AP jump table. Upon issuing the SIPI
request, the AP will awaken and jump to that start CS:IP address.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
[ jroedel@suse.de: - Adapted to different code base
- Moved AP table setup from SIPI sending path to
real-mode setup code
- Fix sparse warnings ]
Co-developed-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/sev-es.h | 5 +++
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/svm.h | 3 ++
arch/x86/kernel/sev-es.c | 68 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/realmode/init.c | 18 ++++++++-
4 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sev-es.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sev-es.h
index 2dd19932a60d..6ca38dc378e0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sev-es.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sev-es.h
@@ -73,6 +73,9 @@ static inline u64 lower_bits(u64 val, unsigned int bits)
return (val & mask);
}

+struct real_mode_header;
+enum stack_type;
+
/* Early IDT entry points for #VC handler */
extern void vc_no_ghcb(void);
extern bool handle_vc_boot_ghcb(struct pt_regs *regs);
@@ -91,9 +94,11 @@ static __always_inline void sev_es_ist_exit(void)
if (static_branch_unlikely(&sev_es_enable_key))
__sev_es_ist_exit();
}
+extern int sev_es_setup_ap_jump_table(struct real_mode_header *rmh);
#else
static inline void sev_es_ist_enter(struct pt_regs *regs) { }
static inline void sev_es_ist_exit(void) { }
+static inline int sev_es_setup_ap_jump_table(struct real_mode_header *rmh) { return 0; }
#endif

#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/svm.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/svm.h
index 8f36ae021a7f..a19ce9681ec2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/svm.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/svm.h
@@ -84,6 +84,9 @@
/* SEV-ES software-defined VMGEXIT events */
#define SVM_VMGEXIT_MMIO_READ 0x80000001
#define SVM_VMGEXIT_MMIO_WRITE 0x80000002
+#define SVM_VMGEXIT_AP_JUMP_TABLE 0x80000005
+#define SVM_VMGEXIT_SET_AP_JUMP_TABLE 0
+#define SVM_VMGEXIT_GET_AP_JUMP_TABLE 1
#define SVM_VMGEXIT_UNSUPPORTED_EVENT 0x8000ffff

#define SVM_EXIT_ERR -1
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es.c
index 88636ff1d451..afd728d6de85 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es.c
@@ -21,6 +21,8 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>

#include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h>
+#include <asm/stacktrace.h>
+#include <asm/realmode.h>
#include <asm/sev-es.h>
#include <asm/insn-eval.h>
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
@@ -219,6 +221,9 @@ static __always_inline void sev_es_put_ghcb(struct ghcb_state *state)
}
}

+/* Needed in vc_early_vc_forward_exception */
+void do_early_exception(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr);
+
static inline u64 sev_es_rd_ghcb_msr(void)
{
return native_read_msr(MSR_AMD64_SEV_ES_GHCB);
@@ -407,6 +412,69 @@ static bool vc_slow_virt_to_phys(struct ghcb *ghcb, struct es_em_ctxt *ctxt,
/* Include code shared with pre-decompression boot stage */
#include "sev-es-shared.c"

+static u64 sev_es_get_jump_table_addr(void)
+{
+ struct ghcb_state state;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct ghcb *ghcb;
+ u64 ret;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+
+ ghcb = sev_es_get_ghcb(&state);
+
+ vc_ghcb_invalidate(ghcb);
+ ghcb_set_sw_exit_code(ghcb, SVM_VMGEXIT_AP_JUMP_TABLE);
+ ghcb_set_sw_exit_info_1(ghcb, SVM_VMGEXIT_GET_AP_JUMP_TABLE);
+ ghcb_set_sw_exit_info_2(ghcb, 0);
+
+ sev_es_wr_ghcb_msr(__pa(ghcb));
+ VMGEXIT();
+
+ if (!ghcb_is_valid_sw_exit_info_1(ghcb) ||
+ !ghcb_is_valid_sw_exit_info_2(ghcb))
+ ret = 0;
+
+ ret = ghcb->save.sw_exit_info_2;
+
+ sev_es_put_ghcb(&state);
+
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int sev_es_setup_ap_jump_table(struct real_mode_header *rmh)
+{
+ u16 startup_cs, startup_ip;
+ phys_addr_t jump_table_pa;
+ u64 jump_table_addr;
+ u16 __iomem *jump_table;
+
+ jump_table_addr = sev_es_get_jump_table_addr();
+
+ /* Check if AP Jump Table is non-zero and page-aligned */
+ if (!jump_table_addr || jump_table_addr & ~PAGE_MASK)
+ return 0;
+
+ jump_table_pa = jump_table_addr & PAGE_MASK;
+
+ startup_cs = (u16)(rmh->trampoline_start >> 4);
+ startup_ip = (u16)(rmh->sev_es_trampoline_start -
+ rmh->trampoline_start);
+
+ jump_table = ioremap_encrypted(jump_table_pa, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (!jump_table)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ writew(startup_ip, &jump_table[0]);
+ writew(startup_cs, &jump_table[1]);
+
+ iounmap(jump_table);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static enum es_result vc_handle_msr(struct ghcb *ghcb, struct es_em_ctxt *ctxt)
{
struct pt_regs *regs = ctxt->regs;
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/init.c b/arch/x86/realmode/init.c
index 1ed1208931e0..61a52b925d15 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/init.c
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/init.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <asm/realmode.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/crash.h>
+#include <asm/sev-es.h>

struct real_mode_header *real_mode_header;
u32 *trampoline_cr4_features;
@@ -38,6 +39,19 @@ void __init reserve_real_mode(void)
crash_reserve_low_1M();
}

+static void sme_sev_setup_real_mode(struct trampoline_header *th)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_AMD_MEM_ENCRYPT
+ if (sme_active())
+ th->flags |= TH_FLAGS_SME_ACTIVE;
+
+ if (sev_es_active()) {
+ if (sev_es_setup_ap_jump_table(real_mode_header))
+ panic("Failed to update SEV-ES AP Jump Table");
+ }
+#endif
+}
+
static void __init setup_real_mode(void)
{
u16 real_mode_seg;
@@ -104,13 +118,13 @@ static void __init setup_real_mode(void)
*trampoline_cr4_features = mmu_cr4_features;

trampoline_header->flags = 0;
- if (sme_active())
- trampoline_header->flags |= TH_FLAGS_SME_ACTIVE;

trampoline_pgd = (u64 *) __va(real_mode_header->trampoline_pgd);
trampoline_pgd[0] = trampoline_pgd_entry.pgd;
trampoline_pgd[511] = init_top_pgt[511].pgd;
#endif
+
+ sme_sev_setup_real_mode(trampoline_header);
}

/*
--
2.27.0
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