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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] hwtracing: Add HiSilicon PCIe Tune and Trace device driver
On 2020/7/17 5:31, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 16, 2020 at 05:06:19PM +0800, Yicong Yang wrote:
>> On 2020/7/11 7:09, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>> On Sat, Jun 13, 2020 at 05:32:13PM +0800, Yicong Yang wrote:
>>>> HiSilicon PCIe tune and trace device(PTT) is a PCIe Root Complex
>>>> integrated Endpoint(RCiEP) device, providing the capability
>>>> to dynamically monitor and tune the PCIe traffic parameters(tune),
>>>> and trace the TLP headers to the memory(trace).
>>>> Add the driver for the device to enable its functions. The driver
>>>> will create debugfs directory for each PTT device, and users can
>>>> operate the device through the files under its directory.
>>>> +Tune
>>>> +====
>>>> +
>>>> +PTT tune is designed for monitoring and adjusting PCIe link parameters(events).
>>>> +Currently we support events 4 classes. The scope of the events
>>>> +covers the PCIe core with which the PTT device belongs to.
>>> All of these look like things that have the potential to break the
>>> PCIe protocol and cause errors like timeouts, receiver overflows, etc.
>>> That's OK for a debug/analysis situation, but it should taint the
>>> kernel somehow because I don't want to debug problems like that if
>>> they're caused by users tweaking things.
>>> That might even be a reason *not* to merge the tune side of this. I
>>> can see how it might be useful for you internally, but it's not
>>> obvious to me how it will benefit other users. Maybe that part should
>>> be an out-of-tree module?
>> All the tuning values are not accurate, but abstracted to several
>> _levels_ of each events. The levels are delicately designed to
>> guarantee by the hardware that they are always valid and will not
>> break the PCIe link. The possible level values exposed to the users
>> is tested and safe and other values will not be accepted.
>> The final tuning events is not settled and we'll not exposed the
>> events which will may lead to the link broken. Furthermore, maybe we
>> could default disable the tune events' level adjustment and make
>> them readonly. The user can enable the full tune function by a
>> module parameters or in the BIOS, and a warning message will be
>> displayed.
>> The tune part is beneficial for the users and not only for our
>> internal use. We intends to provide a way to tune the link
>> depending on the downstream components and link configuration. For
>> example, users can tune the data path QoS level to get better
>> performance according to the link width is x8 or x16, or according
>> to the endpoints' class is a network card or a nvme disk. It will
>> make our controller adapt to different condition with high
>> performance, so we hope this feature to be merged.
> OK. This driver itself is outside my area, so I guess merging it is
> up to Alexander.
> Do you have any measurements of performance improvements? I think it
> would be good to have real numbers showing that this is useful.
> You mentioned a warning message, so I assume you'll add some kind of
> dmesg logging when tuning happens?
> Is this protected so it's only usable by root or other appropriate
> privileged user?

We haven't got measurement statistic currently as the device is still in
progress. We can measure the improvements when it's finalized.

I suppose to add some info/warning messages in dmesg log when tune happens.

The whole PTT functions are accessible only by root.

>>>> + * The PTT can designate function for trace.
>>>> + * Add the root port's subordinates in the list as we
>>>> + * can specify certain function.
>>>> + */
>>>> + child_bus = tpdev->subordinate;
>>>> + list_for_each_entry(tpdev, &child_bus->devices, bus_list) {
>>> *This* looks like a potential problem with hotplug. How do you deal
>>> with devices being added/removed after this loop?
>> Yes. I have considered the add/remove situation but not intend to address it
>> in this RFC and assume the topology is static after probing.
>> I will manage the situation in next version.
> What happens if a device is added or removed after boot? If the only
> limitation is that you can't tune or trace a hot-added device, that's
> fine. (I mean, it's really *not* fine because it's a poor user
> experience, but at least it's just a usability issue, not a crash.)
> But if hot-adding or hot-removing a device can cause an oops or a
> crash or something, *that* is definitely a problem.

The hot-adding or hot-removing will not cause a crash or an oops. If we
trace a function which is removed after boot, we'll get no data as there
is no TLPs on the link. If we trace a function added after boot,
we can get valid datas.

These situations should be considered by the driver. If user input a
removed BDF, an -EINVAL should return. If user input a BDF added after
boot, driver should address it properly(in this RFC, as the BDF is not
in list so an -EINVAL will return).

The available function/root port list of PTT in this RFC is static, it
should be dynamic considering the hot-added/hot-removed situations. Or
with other ways instead of maintaining a list.


> Bjorn
> .

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