[lkml]   [2020]   [Jul]   [2]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH v4] drivers/nvme: Add support for ACPI StorageD3Enable property
This patch implements a solution for a BIOS hack used on some currently
shipping Intel systems to change driver power management policy for PCIe
NVMe drives. Some newer Intel platforms, like some Comet Lake systems,
require that PCIe devices use D3 when doing suspend-to-idle in order to
allow the platform to realize maximum power savings. This is particularly
needed to support ATX power supply shutdown on desktop systems. In order to
ensure this happens for root ports with storage devices, Microsoft
apparently created this ACPI _DSD property as a way to influence their
driver policy. To my knowledge this property has not been discussed with
the NVME specification body.

Though the solution is not ideal, it addresses a problem that also affects
Linux since the NVMe driver's default policy of using NVMe APST during
suspend-to-idle prevents the PCI root port from going to D3 and leads to
higher power consumption for these platforms. The power consumption
difference may be negligible on laptop systems, but many watts on desktop
systems when the ATX power supply is blocked from powering down.

The patch creates a new nvme_acpi_storage_d3 function to check for the
StorageD3Enable property during probe and enables D3 as a quirk if set. It
also provides a 'noacpi' module parameter to allow skipping the quirk if

Tested on:
PM961 NVMe SED Samsung 512GB

Signed-off-by: David E. Box <>
Changes from V3:
- Use pcie_find_root_port() instead of pci_find_pcie_root_port(),
changed in 5.8.
- Remove "Cc:" emails that ended up at top of V3 commit message.
- Fix changelog numbering.

Changes from V2:
- Remove check for "not yet bound" ACPI companion device since
this will not be a concern at driver probe time per Rafael.
- Move storage_d3 function out of PCI core and into NVMe driver
since there's nothing the PCI core can do with this code as
noted by Bjorn.

Changes from V1:
- Export the pci_acpi_storage_d3 function for use by drivers as
needed instead of modifying the pci header.
- Add missing put on acpi device handle.
- Add 'noacpi' module parameter to allow undoing this change.
- Add info message that this is a platform quirk.

drivers/acpi/property.c | 3 +++
drivers/nvme/host/pci.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 58 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/property.c b/drivers/acpi/property.c
index e601c4511a8b..c2e2ae774a19 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/property.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/property.c
@@ -45,6 +45,9 @@ static const guid_t prp_guids[] = {
/* Thunderbolt GUID for WAKE_SUPPORTED: 6c501103-c189-4296-ba72-9bf5a26ebe5d */
GUID_INIT(0x6c501103, 0xc189, 0x4296,
0xba, 0x72, 0x9b, 0xf5, 0xa2, 0x6e, 0xbe, 0x5d),
+ /* Storage device needs D3 GUID: 5025030f-842f-4ab4-a561-99a5189762d0 */
+ GUID_INIT(0x5025030f, 0x842f, 0x4ab4,
+ 0xa5, 0x61, 0x99, 0xa5, 0x18, 0x97, 0x62, 0xd0),

/* ACPI _DSD data subnodes GUID: dbb8e3e6-5886-4ba6-8795-1319f52a966b */
diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
index e2bacd369a88..a3d3a82b0437 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
* Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation.

+#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/aer.h>
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
@@ -94,6 +95,10 @@ static unsigned int poll_queues;
module_param_cb(poll_queues, &io_queue_count_ops, &poll_queues, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(poll_queues, "Number of queues to use for polled IO.");

+static bool noacpi;
+module_param(noacpi, bool, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(noacpi, "disable acpi bios quirks");
struct nvme_dev;
struct nvme_queue;

@@ -2757,6 +2762,46 @@ static unsigned long check_vendor_combination_bug(struct pci_dev *pdev)
return 0;

+static bool nvme_acpi_storage_d3(struct pci_dev *dev)
+ const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
+ struct acpi_device *adev;
+ struct pci_dev *root;
+ acpi_handle handle;
+ acpi_status status;
+ bool ret = false;
+ u8 val;
+ /*
+ * Look for _DSD property specifying that the storage device on
+ * the port must use D3 to support deep platform power savings during
+ * suspend-to-idle
+ */
+ root = pcie_find_root_port(dev);
+ if (!root)
+ return false;
+ adev = ACPI_COMPANION(&root->dev);
+ if (!adev)
+ return false;
+ status = acpi_get_handle(adev->handle, "PXSX", &handle);
+ if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
+ return false;
+ adev = acpi_bus_get_acpi_device(handle);
+ if (!adev)
+ return false;
+ fwnode = acpi_fwnode_handle(adev);
+ if (!fwnode_property_read_u8(fwnode, "StorageD3Enable", &val))
+ ret = (val == 1);
+ acpi_bus_put_acpi_device(adev);
+ return ret;
static void nvme_async_probe(void *data, async_cookie_t cookie)
struct nvme_dev *dev = data;
@@ -2806,6 +2851,16 @@ static int nvme_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)

quirks |= check_vendor_combination_bug(pdev);

+ if (!noacpi && nvme_acpi_storage_d3(pdev)) {
+ /*
+ * Some systems use a bios work around to ask for D3 on
+ * platforms that support kernel managed suspend.
+ */
+ dev_info(&pdev->dev,
+ "platform quirk: setting simple suspend\n");
+ }
* Double check that our mempool alloc size will cover the biggest
* command we support.
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-07-03 00:49    [W:0.217 / U:21.340 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site