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Subject[PATCH v12 04/11] perf/x86: Add constraint to create guest LBR event without hw counter
Date
The hypervisor may request the perf subsystem to schedule a time window
to directly access the LBR records msrs for its own use. Normally, it would
create a guest LBR event with callstack mode enabled, which is scheduled
along with other ordinary LBR events on the host but in an exclusive way.

To avoid wasting a counter for the guest LBR event, the perf tracks its
hw->idx via INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_VLBR and assigns it with a fake VLBR
counter with the help of new vlbr_constraint. As with the BTS event,
there is actually no hardware counter assigned for the guest LBR event.

Signed-off-by: Like Xu <like.xu@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200514083054.62538-5-like.xu@linux.intel.com
---
arch/x86/events/core.c | 1 +
arch/x86/events/intel/core.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/events/intel/lbr.c | 4 ++++
arch/x86/events/perf_event.h | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/perf_event.h | 22 +++++++++++++++++++++-
5 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/events/core.c b/arch/x86/events/core.c
index 9a5056472b67..1996f2ed7c83 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/core.c
@@ -1104,6 +1104,7 @@ static inline void x86_assign_hw_event(struct perf_event *event,

switch (hwc->idx) {
case INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_BTS:
+ case INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_VLBR:
hwc->config_base = 0;
hwc->event_base = 0;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/events/intel/core.c b/arch/x86/events/intel/core.c
index 8dac4c61bf76..51e1fba7b1d1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/intel/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/intel/core.c
@@ -2621,6 +2621,20 @@ intel_bts_constraints(struct perf_event *event)
return NULL;
}

+/*
+ * Note: matches a fake event, like Fixed2.
+ */
+static struct event_constraint *
+intel_vlbr_constraints(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+ struct event_constraint *c = &vlbr_constraint;
+
+ if (unlikely(constraint_match(c, event->hw.config)))
+ return c;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
static int intel_alt_er(int idx, u64 config)
{
int alt_idx = idx;
@@ -2811,6 +2825,10 @@ __intel_get_event_constraints(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx,
{
struct event_constraint *c;

+ c = intel_vlbr_constraints(event);
+ if (c)
+ return c;
+
c = intel_bts_constraints(event);
if (c)
return c;
diff --git a/arch/x86/events/intel/lbr.c b/arch/x86/events/intel/lbr.c
index 2ed3f2a51bdf..d285d26c1578 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/intel/lbr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/intel/lbr.c
@@ -1363,3 +1363,7 @@ int x86_perf_get_lbr(struct x86_pmu_lbr *lbr)
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_perf_get_lbr);
+
+struct event_constraint vlbr_constraint =
+ FIXED_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(INTEL_FIXED_VLBR_EVENT,
+ (INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_VLBR - INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED));
diff --git a/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
index eb37f6c43c96..77a6dd66bd9a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/events/perf_event.h
@@ -990,6 +990,7 @@ void release_ds_buffers(void);
void reserve_ds_buffers(void);

extern struct event_constraint bts_constraint;
+extern struct event_constraint vlbr_constraint;

void intel_pmu_enable_bts(u64 config);

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/perf_event.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/perf_event.h
index 5d2c30f0df02..2df707311d17 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/perf_event.h
@@ -192,9 +192,29 @@ struct x86_pmu_capability {
#define GLOBAL_STATUS_UNC_OVF BIT_ULL(61)
#define GLOBAL_STATUS_ASIF BIT_ULL(60)
#define GLOBAL_STATUS_COUNTERS_FROZEN BIT_ULL(59)
-#define GLOBAL_STATUS_LBRS_FROZEN BIT_ULL(58)
+#define GLOBAL_STATUS_LBRS_FROZEN_BIT 58
+#define GLOBAL_STATUS_LBRS_FROZEN BIT_ULL(GLOBAL_STATUS_LBRS_FROZEN_BIT)
#define GLOBAL_STATUS_TRACE_TOPAPMI BIT_ULL(55)

+/*
+ * We model guest LBR event tracing as another fixed-mode PMC like BTS.
+ *
+ * We choose bit 58 because it's used to indicate LBR stack frozen state
+ * for architectural perfmon v4, also we unconditionally mask that bit in
+ * the handle_pmi_common(), so it'll never be set in the overflow handling.
+ *
+ * With this fake counter assigned, the guest LBR event user (such as KVM),
+ * can program the LBR registers on its own, and we don't actually do anything
+ * with then in the host context.
+ */
+#define INTEL_PMC_IDX_FIXED_VLBR (GLOBAL_STATUS_LBRS_FROZEN_BIT)
+
+/*
+ * Pseudo-encoding the guest LBR event as event=0x00,umask=0x1b,
+ * since it would claim bit 58 which is effectively Fixed26.
+ */
+#define INTEL_FIXED_VLBR_EVENT 0x1b00
+
/*
* Adaptive PEBS v4
*/
--
2.21.3
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