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SubjectRe: [PATCH -tip v3 1/2] kcov: Make runtime functions noinstr-compatible
On Fri, Jun 12, 2020 at 1:49 PM Marco Elver <elver@google.com> wrote:
> On Fri, 12 Jun 2020, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>
> > On Thu, Jun 11, 2020 at 11:55 PM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Mon, Jun 08, 2020 at 01:01:08PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Jun 08, 2020 at 09:57:39AM +0200, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > As a crazy idea: is it possible to employ objtool (linker script?) to
> > > > > rewrite all coverage calls to nops in the noinstr section? Or relocate
> > > > > to nop function?
> > > > > What we are trying to do is very static, it _should_ have been done
> > > > > during build. We don't have means in existing _compilers_ to do this,
> > > > > but maybe we could do it elsewhere during build?...
> > > >
> > > > Let me try and figure out how to make objtool actually rewrite code.
> > >
> > > The below is quite horrific but seems to sorta work.
> > >
> > > It turns this:
> > >
> > > 12: e8 00 00 00 00 callq 17 <lockdep_hardirqs_on+0x17>
> > > 13: R_X86_64_PLT32 __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc-0x4
> > >
> > > Into this:
> > >
> > > 12: 90 nop
> > > 13: 90 nop
> > > 13: R_X86_64_NONE __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc-0x4
> > > 14: 90 nop
> > > 15: 90 nop
> > > 16: 90 nop
> > >
> > >
> > > I'll have to dig around a little more to see if I can't get rid of the
> > > relocation entirely. Also, I need to steal better arch_nop_insn() from
> > > the kernel :-)
> >
> > Wow! Cool!
> > Thanks for resolving this. I guess this can be used to wipe more
> > unwanted things in future :)
> >
> > Marco double checked and his patch did not actually fix the existing
> > crash under KCSAN. The call itself was the problem or something,
> > returning early did not really help. This should hopefully fix it.
> > Marco, please double check.
> >
> > Re better nop insn, I don't know how much work it is (or how much you
> > are striving for perfection :)). But from KCOV point of view, I think
> > we can live with more or less any nop insn. The main thing was
> > removing overhead from all other (not noinstr) cases, I would assume
> > the noinstr cases where we use nops are very rare. I mean don't spend
> > too much time on it, if it's not needed for something else.
> >
> > Thanks again!
>
> This is great, thanks! To make noinstr not call into KCOV, this
> definitely seems to do the job.
>
> Though sadly it doesn't fix the problem I'm seeing. The problem occurs
> when I compile using Clang, and enable either KASAN or KCSAN together
> with KCOV. Actually, turning off KCOV also shows this... a stacktrace is
> below.

I can't reproduce this after tuning off KCOV. Just KASAN works for me.
Also the following helps (at least for my config):

diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index b1c42c10073b9..8514519bc5bcb 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ KCOV_INSTRUMENT_list_debug.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_debugobjects.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_dynamic_debug.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_fault-inject.o := n
+KCOV_INSTRUMENT_smp_processor_id.o := n


Btw, do you use inline instrumentation for KASAN or outline?
I use inline KASAN, so maybe it's a function call that's the problem.
KCOV uses calls and KCSAN also uses calls.

And it's not that we are getting that "BUG:", right? Otherwise we
would see it in non-KCOV builds as well. So it must be something in
the very beginning of the function...



> The repro is this one: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/repro.c?x=1017ef06100000
>
> I don't quite understand what's going on here. Maybe the inserted
> instrumentation causes the compiler to spill more things onto the stack
> and somehow blow that? The nops obviously won't help with that. :-/
>
> I'll try to debug and understand this some more. Also this is of course
> on top of:
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200604102241.466509982@infradead.org/
>
> But, again, for disabling KCOV instrumentation in noinstr, I believe
> your patch does what we want. In future, when we get compiler support
> for __no_sanitize_coverage, the logic you're adding to objtool can
> probably stay but shouldn't be invoked if the compiler is doing its job.
>
> Thanks,
> -- Marco
>
> ------ >8 ------
>
> traps: PANIC: double fault, error_code: 0x0
> double fault: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP PTI
> CPU: 3 PID: 513 Comm: a.out Not tainted 5.7.0+ #1
> Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
> RIP: 0010:native_save_fl arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h:29 [inline]
> RIP: 0010:arch_local_save_flags arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h:79 [inline]
> RIP: 0010:check_preemption_disabled+0x60/0x120 lib/smp_processor_id.c:19
> Code: 7f 74 27 90 90 90 90 90 65 48 8b 04 25 28 00 00 00 48 3b 44 24 08 0f 85 c6 00 00 00 89 d8 48 83 c4 10 5b 41 5c 41 5e 41 5f c3 <9c> 8f 04 24 f7 04 24 00 02 00 00 75 07 90 90 90 90 90 eb ca 65 4c
> RSP: 0018:fffffe0000094ff8 EFLAGS: 00010046
> RAX: 0000000080000000 RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX: ffffffffacc00ef7
> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffffad29c4f2 RDI: ffffffffad21fe08
> RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffffffffad29c4f2 R15: ffffffffad21fe08
> FS: 0000000001d26880(0000) GS:ffffa16e5fcc0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: fffffe0000094fe8 CR3: 00000008147bc002 CR4: 0000000000760ee0
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> PKRU: 55555554
> Call Trace:
> <ENTRY_TRAMPOLINE>
> __this_cpu_preempt_check+0x18/0x1a lib/smp_processor_id.c:65
> fixup_bad_iret+0x2e/0xe0 arch/x86/kernel/traps.c:678
> error_entry+0xd5/0xe0 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:937
> RIP: 0010:native_irq_return_iret+0x0/0x2
> Code: 5d 41 5c 5d 5b 41 5b 41 5a 41 59 41 58 58 59 5a 5e 5f 48 83 c4 08 eb 0b 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 f6 44 24 20 04 75 02 <48> cf 57 0f 01 f8 66 90 0f 20 df 48 0f ba ef 3f 48 81 e7 ff e7 ff
> RSP: 0018:fffffe00000951d8 EFLAGS: 00010046 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000000
> RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000000
> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000020000100
> RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
> RIP: 0033:0x3bfd19e0df38d197
> Code: Bad RIP value.
> RSP: 002b:00007ffd10c4c948 EFLAGS: 00000313 </ENTRY_TRAMPOLINE>
> Modules linked in:
> ---[ end trace df1b33281490ebc3 ]---
> RIP: 0010:native_save_fl arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h:29 [inline]
> RIP: 0010:arch_local_save_flags arch/x86/include/asm/irqflags.h:79 [inline]
> RIP: 0010:check_preemption_disabled+0x60/0x120 lib/smp_processor_id.c:19
> Code: 7f 74 27 90 90 90 90 90 65 48 8b 04 25 28 00 00 00 48 3b 44 24 08 0f 85 c6 00 00 00 89 d8 48 83 c4 10 5b 41 5c 41 5e 41 5f c3 <9c> 8f 04 24 f7 04 24 00 02 00 00 75 07 90 90 90 90 90 eb ca 65 4c
> RSP: 0018:fffffe0000094ff8 EFLAGS: 00010046
> RAX: 0000000080000000 RBX: 0000000000000003 RCX: ffffffffacc00ef7
> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffffad29c4f2 RDI: ffffffffad21fe08
> RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffffffffad29c4f2 R15: ffffffffad21fe08
> FS: 0000000001d26880(0000) GS:ffffa16e5fcc0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: fffffe0000094fe8 CR3: 00000008147bc002 CR4: 0000000000760ee0
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> PKRU: 55555554

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