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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 2/8] mtd: rawnand: rockchip: NFC drivers for RK3308, RK2928 and others
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Hi Yifeng, Miquel,

Some more comments about swap();

On 6/9/20 9:40 AM, Yifeng Zhao wrote:

[..]

> +static int rk_nfc_ooblayout_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
> + struct mtd_oob_region *oob_region)
> +{
> + struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
> +

> + if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
> + return -ERANGE;

Given:

NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE = 4
chip->ecc.steps = 8
section [0..7]

Total free OOB size advertised to the MTD framework is:

ecc.steps * NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE - 1 BBM
8 * 4 - 1 = 31 bytes

With link address in OOB byte [0..3] this become:
31 - 4 = 27 bytes

Does that give data lost?
Should we limit the number of free OOB bytes by 4 more to be save?
Is my calculation correct?

See further questions about this below.

> +
> + if (!section) {
> + /* The first byte is bad block mask flag. */
> + oob_region->length = NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE - 1;
> + oob_region->offset = 1;
> + } else {
> + oob_region->length = NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE;
> + oob_region->offset = section * NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_ooblayout_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
> + struct mtd_oob_region *oob_region)
> +{
> + struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
> +

> + if (section)
> + return -ERANGE;

With the formule above a section > 0 does not alow ECC.

Just a question about the MTD inner working for Miquel:

With ooblayout_free using 8 steps and this just 1 does it still generate
the correct ECC? Does it calculate ECC over 1024B or over 8*1024B ?

Should we move the text that explains the layout closer to these
functions and add a little more text to explain why we choose this
particular layout?

/*
* NFC Page Data Layout:
* 1024 Bytes Data + 4Bytes sys data + 28Bytes~124Bytes ecc +
* 1024 Bytes Data + 4Bytes sys data + 28Bytes~124Bytes ecc +
* ......
* NAND Page Data Layout:
* 1024 * n Data + m Bytes oob
* Original Bad Block Mask Location:
* First byte of oob(spare).
* nand_chip->oob_poi data layout:
* 4Bytes sys data + .... + 4Bytes sys data + ecc data.
*/

We expect now ECC data after n steps * 4 OOB bytes,
but are we still using it with HW ECC or only for raw?

> +
> + oob_region->offset = NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE * chip->ecc.steps;
> + oob_region->length = mtd->oobsize - oob_region->offset;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops rk_nfc_ooblayout_ops = {
> + .free = rk_nfc_ooblayout_free,
> + .ecc = rk_nfc_ooblayout_ecc,
> +};

[..]

> +static int rk_nfc_write_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
> + const u8 *buf, int page, int raw)
> +{
> + struct rk_nfc *nfc = nand_get_controller_data(chip);
> + struct rk_nfc_nand_chip *rk_nand = to_rk_nand(chip);
> + struct nand_ecc_ctrl *ecc = &chip->ecc;
> + int oob_step = (ecc->bytes > 60) ? NFC_MAX_OOB_PER_STEP :
> + NFC_MIN_OOB_PER_STEP;
> + int pages_per_blk = mtd->erasesize / mtd->writesize;
> + int ret = 0, i, boot_rom_mode = 0;
> + dma_addr_t dma_data, dma_oob;
> + u32 reg;
> + u8 *oob;
> +
> + nand_prog_page_begin_op(chip, page, 0, NULL, 0);
> +
> + if (!raw) {
> + memcpy(nfc->page_buf, buf, mtd->writesize);
> + memset(nfc->oob_buf, 0xff, oob_step * ecc->steps);
> +
> + /*
> + * The first 8(some devices are 4 or 16) blocks in use by
> + * the boot ROM and the first 32 bits of oob need to link
> + * to the next page address in the same block.
> + * Config the ECC algorithm supported by the boot ROM.
> + */
> + if (page < pages_per_blk * rk_nand->boot_blks &&
> + chip->options & NAND_IS_BOOT_MEDIUM) {
> + boot_rom_mode = 1;
> + if (rk_nand->boot_ecc != ecc->strength)
> + rk_nfc_hw_ecc_setup(chip, ecc,
> + rk_nand->boot_ecc);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Swap the first oob with the seventh oob and bad block
> + * mask is saved at the seventh oob.
> + */
> + swap(chip->oob_poi[0], chip->oob_poi[7]);

Add more info on why this is swapped.

LA[0..3] is a link address that the BBM shouldn't over write.
For Yifeng: Is there an other reason?

Before swap:

BBM OOB1 OOB2 OOB3, OOB4 OOB5 OOB6 OOB7, OOB8 ....

After swap:

OOB7 OOB1 OOB2 OOB3, OOB4 OOB5 OOB6 BBM , OOB8 ....

If (!i && boot_rom_mode):

LA0 LA1 LA2 LA3 , OOB4 OOB5 OOB6 BBM , OOB8 ....

Read back after swap again:

BBM LA1 LA2 LA3 , OOB4 OOB5 OOB6 LA0 , OOB8 ....

Question:
Are data OOB7 OOB1 OOB2 OOB3 lost now?
Is this correct?

#################################################
Proposal:
Should we reduce the free OOB size by 4
and shift everything 4 bytes to recover all bytes?
Replace the first 4 bytes with 0XFF or LA[0..3].

Normal:
0xFF 0XFF 0XFF 0xFF, BBM OOB1 OOB2 OOB3, OOB4

If (!i && boot_rom_mode):
LA0 LA1 LA2 LA3 , BBM OOB1 OOB2 OOB3, OOB4

Question for Miquel and Yifeng:
Does this work? Could you test?

> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ecc->steps; i++) {

Just a proposel:

if (!i && boot_rom_mode)
reg = (page & (pages_per_blk - 1)) * 4;
else if (!i)
reg = 0xFFFFFFFF;
else
oob = chip->oob_poi + (i-1) * NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE;
reg = oob[0] | oob[1] << 8 | oob[2] << 16 |
oob[3] << 24;

> +
> + if (nfc->cfg->type == NFC_V6 ||
> + nfc->cfg->type == NFC_V8)
> + nfc->oob_buf[i * oob_step / 4] = reg;
> + else
> + nfc->oob_buf[i] = reg;
> + }
> +
> + dma_data = dma_map_single(nfc->dev, (void *)nfc->page_buf,
> + mtd->writesize, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
> + dma_oob = dma_map_single(nfc->dev, nfc->oob_buf,
> + ecc->steps * oob_step,
> + DMA_TO_DEVICE);
> +
> + reinit_completion(&nfc->done);
> + writel(INT_DMA, nfc->regs + nfc->cfg->int_en_off);
> +
> + rk_nfc_xfer_start(nfc, NFC_WRITE, ecc->steps, dma_data,
> + dma_oob);
> + ret = wait_for_completion_timeout(&nfc->done,
> + msecs_to_jiffies(100));
> + if (!ret)
> + dev_warn(nfc->dev, "write: wait dma done timeout.\n");
> + /*
> + * Whether the DMA transfer is completed or not. The driver
> + * needs to check the NFC`s status register to see if the data
> + * transfer was completed.
> + */
> + ret = rk_nfc_wait_for_xfer_done(nfc);
> +
> + dma_unmap_single(nfc->dev, dma_data, mtd->writesize,
> + DMA_TO_DEVICE);
> + dma_unmap_single(nfc->dev, dma_oob, ecc->steps * oob_step,
> + DMA_TO_DEVICE);
> +
> + if (boot_rom_mode && rk_nand->boot_ecc != ecc->strength)
> + rk_nfc_hw_ecc_setup(chip, ecc, ecc->strength);
> +
> + if (ret) {
> + ret = -EIO;
> + dev_err(nfc->dev,
> + "write: wait transfer done timeout.\n");
> + }
> + } else {
> + rk_nfc_write_buf(chip, buf, mtd->writesize + + mtd->oobsize);

Remove a '+'

> + }
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = nand_prog_page_end_op(chip);
> +
> + /* Deselect the currently selected target. */
> + rk_nfc_select_chip(chip, -1);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_write_page_raw(struct nand_chip *chip, const u8 *buf,
> + int oob_on, int page)
> +{
> + struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
> + struct rk_nfc *nfc = nand_get_controller_data(chip);
> + u32 i;
> +
> + memset(nfc->buffer, 0xff, mtd->writesize + mtd->oobsize);
> + swap(chip->oob_poi[0], chip->oob_poi[7]);
> + for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.steps; i++) {
> + if (buf)
> + memcpy(rk_data_ptr(chip, i), data_ptr(chip, buf, i),
> + chip->ecc.size);
> +
> + memcpy(rk_oob_ptr(chip, i), oob_ptr(chip, i),
> + NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE);
> + }
> +
> + return rk_nfc_write_page(mtd, chip, nfc->buffer, page, 1);
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_write_oob_std(struct nand_chip *chip, int page)
> +{
> + return rk_nfc_write_page_raw(chip, NULL, 1, page);
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_read_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
> + u32 data_offs, u32 readlen,
> + u8 *buf, int page, int raw)
> +{
> + struct rk_nfc *nfc = nand_get_controller_data(chip);
> + struct rk_nfc_nand_chip *rk_nand = to_rk_nand(chip);
> + struct nand_ecc_ctrl *ecc = &chip->ecc;
> + int oob_step = (ecc->bytes > 60) ? NFC_MAX_OOB_PER_STEP :
> + NFC_MIN_OOB_PER_STEP;
> + int pages_per_blk = mtd->erasesize / mtd->writesize;
> + dma_addr_t dma_data, dma_oob;
> + int ret = 0, i, boot_rom_mode = 0;
> + int bitflips = 0, bch_st;
> + u8 *oob;
> + u32 tmp;
> +
> + nand_read_page_op(chip, page, 0, NULL, 0);
> + if (!raw) {
> + dma_data = dma_map_single(nfc->dev, nfc->page_buf,
> + mtd->writesize,
> + DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> + dma_oob = dma_map_single(nfc->dev, nfc->oob_buf,
> + ecc->steps * oob_step,
> + DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> +
> + /*
> + * The first 8(some devices are 4 or 16) blocks in use by
> + * the bootrom.
> + * Config the ECC algorithm supported by the boot ROM.
> + */
> + if (page < pages_per_blk * rk_nand->boot_blks &&
> + chip->options & NAND_IS_BOOT_MEDIUM) {
> + boot_rom_mode = 1;
> + if (rk_nand->boot_ecc != ecc->strength)
> + rk_nfc_hw_ecc_setup(chip, ecc,
> + rk_nand->boot_ecc);
> + }
> +
> + reinit_completion(&nfc->done);
> + writel(INT_DMA, nfc->regs + nfc->cfg->int_en_off);
> + rk_nfc_xfer_start(nfc, NFC_READ, ecc->steps, dma_data,
> + dma_oob);
> + ret = wait_for_completion_timeout(&nfc->done,
> + msecs_to_jiffies(100));
> + if (!ret)
> + dev_warn(nfc->dev, "read: wait dma done timeout.\n");
> + /*
> + * Whether the DMA transfer is completed or not. The driver
> + * needs to check the NFC`s status register to see if the data
> + * transfer was completed.
> + */
> + ret = rk_nfc_wait_for_xfer_done(nfc);
> + dma_unmap_single(nfc->dev, dma_data, mtd->writesize,
> + DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> + dma_unmap_single(nfc->dev, dma_oob, ecc->steps * oob_step,
> + DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
> +
> + if (ret) {
> + bitflips = -EIO;
> + dev_err(nfc->dev,
> + "read: wait transfer done timeout.\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ecc->steps; i++) {
> + oob = chip->oob_poi + i * NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE;
> + if (nfc->cfg->type == NFC_V6 ||
> + nfc->cfg->type == NFC_V8)
> + tmp = nfc->oob_buf[i * oob_step / 4];
> + else
> + tmp = nfc->oob_buf[i];
> + *oob++ = (u8)tmp;
> + *oob++ = (u8)(tmp >> 8);
> + *oob++ = (u8)(tmp >> 16);
> + *oob++ = (u8)(tmp >> 24);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Swap the first oob with the seventh oob and bad block
> + * mask is saved at the seventh oob.
> + */
> + swap(chip->oob_poi[0], chip->oob_poi[7]);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ecc->steps / 2; i++) {
> + bch_st = readl_relaxed(nfc->regs +
> + nfc->cfg->bch_st_off + i * 4);
> + if (bch_st & BIT(nfc->cfg->ecc0.err_flag_bit) ||
> + bch_st & BIT(nfc->cfg->ecc1.err_flag_bit)) {
> + mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
> + bitflips = -1;
> + } else {
> + ret = ECC_ERR_CNT(bch_st, nfc->cfg->ecc0);
> + mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += ret;
> + bitflips = max_t(u32, bitflips, ret);
> +
> + ret = ECC_ERR_CNT(bch_st, nfc->cfg->ecc1);
> + mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += ret;
> + bitflips = max_t(u32, bitflips, ret);
> + }
> + }
> +out:
> + memcpy(buf, nfc->page_buf, mtd->writesize);
> +
> + if (boot_rom_mode && rk_nand->boot_ecc != ecc->strength)
> + rk_nfc_hw_ecc_setup(chip, ecc, ecc->strength);
> +
> + if (bitflips < 0)
> + dev_err(nfc->dev, "read page: %x ecc error!\n", page);
> + } else {
> + rk_nfc_read_buf(chip, buf, mtd->writesize + mtd->oobsize);
> + }
> + /* Deselect the currently selected target. */
> + rk_nfc_select_chip(chip, -1);
> +
> + return bitflips;
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_write_page_hwecc(struct nand_chip *chip, const u8 *buf,
> + int oob_on, int page)
> +{
> + return rk_nfc_write_page(nand_to_mtd(chip), chip, buf, page, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_read_page_hwecc(struct nand_chip *chip, u8 *p, int oob_on,
> + int pg)
> +{
> + struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
> +
> + return rk_nfc_read_page(mtd, chip, 0, mtd->writesize, p, pg, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static int rk_nfc_read_page_raw(struct nand_chip *chip, u8 *buf, int oob_on,
> + int page)
> +{
> + struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
> + struct rk_nfc *nfc = nand_get_controller_data(chip);
> + int i, ret;
> +
> + ret = rk_nfc_read_page(mtd, chip, 0, mtd->writesize, nfc->buffer,
> + page, 1);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.steps; i++) {
> + memcpy(oob_ptr(chip, i), rk_oob_ptr(chip, i),
> + NFC_SYS_DATA_SIZE);
> +
> + if (buf)
> + memcpy(data_ptr(chip, buf, i), rk_data_ptr(chip, i),
> + chip->ecc.size);
> + }
> + swap(chip->oob_poi[0], chip->oob_poi[7]);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}

[..]

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