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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/4] serial: 8250: Fix max baud limit in generic 8250 port
On Thu, May 07, 2020 at 02:31:32AM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> Standard 8250 UART ports are designed in a way so they can communicate
> with baud rates up to 1/16 of a reference frequency. It's expected from
> most of the currently supported UART controllers. That's why the former
> version of serial8250_get_baud_rate() method called uart_get_baud_rate()
> with min and max baud rates passed as (port->uartclk / 16 / UART_DIV_MAX)
> and ((port->uartclk + tolerance) / 16) respectively. Doing otherwise, like
> it was suggested in commit ("serial: 8250_mtk: support big baud rate."),
> caused acceptance of bauds, which was higher than the normal UART
> controllers actually supported. As a result if some user-space program
> requested to set a baud greater than (uartclk / 16) it would have been
> permitted without truncation, but then serial8250_get_divisor(baud)
> (which calls uart_get_divisor() to get the reference clock divisor) would
> have returned a zero divisor. Setting zero divisor will cause an
> unpredictable effect varying from chip to chip. In case of DW APB UART the
> communications just stop.
>
> Lets fix this problem by getting back the limitation of (uartclk +
> tolerance) / 16 maximum baud supported by the generic 8250 port. Mediatek
> 8250 UART ports driver developer shouldn't have touched it in the first
> place notably seeing he already provided a custom version of set_termios()
> callback in that glue-driver which took into account the extended baud
> rate values and accordingly updated the standard and vendor-specific
> divisor latch registers anyway.

Some of the hardware support PS != 16 (8250_mid), but for now it lies to UART
core for real UART clock because of its (core) hard cored assumption PS == 16
here and there.

Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>

>
> Fixes: 81bb549fdf14 ("serial: 8250_mtk: support big baud rate.")
> Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin@baikalelectronics.ru>
> Cc: Alexey Malahov <Alexey.Malahov@baikalelectronics.ru>
> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
> Cc: Paul Burton <paulburton@kernel.org>
> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> Cc: Long Cheng <long.cheng@mediatek.com>
> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Maxime Ripard <mripard@kernel.org>
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
> Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-mediatek@lists.infradead.org
> ---
> drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c | 4 +++-
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
> index f77bf820b7a3..4d83c85a7389 100644
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/8250/8250_port.c
> @@ -2615,6 +2615,8 @@ static unsigned int serial8250_get_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port,
> struct ktermios *termios,
> struct ktermios *old)
> {
> + unsigned int tolerance = port->uartclk / 100;
> +
> /*
> * Ask the core to calculate the divisor for us.
> * Allow 1% tolerance at the upper limit so uart clks marginally
> @@ -2623,7 +2625,7 @@ static unsigned int serial8250_get_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port,
> */
> return uart_get_baud_rate(port, termios, old,
> port->uartclk / 16 / UART_DIV_MAX,
> - port->uartclk);
> + (port->uartclk + tolerance) / 16);
> }
>
> void
> --
> 2.25.1
>

--
With Best Regards,
Andy Shevchenko


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