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Subject[tip: perf/urgent] perf/core: Add PERF_RECORD_CGROUP event
The following commit has been merged into the perf/urgent branch of tip:

Commit-ID: 96aaab686505c449e24d76e76507290dcc30e008
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/96aaab686505c449e24d76e76507290dcc30e008
Author: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
AuthorDate: Wed, 25 Mar 2020 21:45:28 +09:00
Committer: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
CommitterDate: Fri, 27 Mar 2020 10:39:11 -03:00

perf/core: Add PERF_RECORD_CGROUP event

To support cgroup tracking, add CGROUP event to save a link between
cgroup path and id number. This is needed since cgroups can go away
when userspace tries to read the cgroup info (from the id) later.

The attr.cgroup bit was also added to enable cgroup tracking from
userspace.

This event will be generated when a new cgroup becomes active.
Userspace might need to synthesize those events for existing cgroups.

Committer testing:

>From the resulting kernel, using /sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux:

$ pahole perf_event_attr | grep -w cgroup -B5 -A1
__u64 write_backward:1; /* 40:27 8 */
__u64 namespaces:1; /* 40:28 8 */
__u64 ksymbol:1; /* 40:29 8 */
__u64 bpf_event:1; /* 40:30 8 */
__u64 aux_output:1; /* 40:31 8 */
__u64 cgroup:1; /* 40:32 8 */
__u64 __reserved_1:31; /* 40:33 8 */
$

Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
[staticize perf_event_cgroup function]
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com>
Link: http://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200325124536.2800725-2-namhyung@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h | 13 +++-
kernel/events/core.c | 111 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
index 397cfd6..de95f6c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -381,7 +381,8 @@ struct perf_event_attr {
ksymbol : 1, /* include ksymbol events */
bpf_event : 1, /* include bpf events */
aux_output : 1, /* generate AUX records instead of events */
- __reserved_1 : 32;
+ cgroup : 1, /* include cgroup events */
+ __reserved_1 : 31;

union {
__u32 wakeup_events; /* wakeup every n events */
@@ -1012,6 +1013,16 @@ enum perf_event_type {
*/
PERF_RECORD_BPF_EVENT = 18,

+ /*
+ * struct {
+ * struct perf_event_header header;
+ * u64 id;
+ * char path[];
+ * struct sample_id sample_id;
+ * };
+ */
+ PERF_RECORD_CGROUP = 19,
+
PERF_RECORD_MAX, /* non-ABI */
};

diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index d22e4ba..994932d 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -387,6 +387,7 @@ static atomic_t nr_freq_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_switch_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_ksymbol_events __read_mostly;
static atomic_t nr_bpf_events __read_mostly;
+static atomic_t nr_cgroup_events __read_mostly;

static LIST_HEAD(pmus);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(pmus_lock);
@@ -4608,6 +4609,8 @@ static void unaccount_event(struct perf_event *event)
atomic_dec(&nr_comm_events);
if (event->attr.namespaces)
atomic_dec(&nr_namespaces_events);
+ if (event->attr.cgroup)
+ atomic_dec(&nr_cgroup_events);
if (event->attr.task)
atomic_dec(&nr_task_events);
if (event->attr.freq)
@@ -7736,6 +7739,105 @@ void perf_event_namespaces(struct task_struct *task)
}

/*
+ * cgroup tracking
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF
+
+struct perf_cgroup_event {
+ char *path;
+ int path_size;
+ struct {
+ struct perf_event_header header;
+ u64 id;
+ char path[];
+ } event_id;
+};
+
+static int perf_event_cgroup_match(struct perf_event *event)
+{
+ return event->attr.cgroup;
+}
+
+static void perf_event_cgroup_output(struct perf_event *event, void *data)
+{
+ struct perf_cgroup_event *cgroup_event = data;
+ struct perf_output_handle handle;
+ struct perf_sample_data sample;
+ u16 header_size = cgroup_event->event_id.header.size;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!perf_event_cgroup_match(event))
+ return;
+
+ perf_event_header__init_id(&cgroup_event->event_id.header,
+ &sample, event);
+ ret = perf_output_begin(&handle, event,
+ cgroup_event->event_id.header.size);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ perf_output_put(&handle, cgroup_event->event_id);
+ __output_copy(&handle, cgroup_event->path, cgroup_event->path_size);
+
+ perf_event__output_id_sample(event, &handle, &sample);
+
+ perf_output_end(&handle);
+out:
+ cgroup_event->event_id.header.size = header_size;
+}
+
+static void perf_event_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgrp)
+{
+ struct perf_cgroup_event cgroup_event;
+ char path_enomem[16] = "//enomem";
+ char *pathname;
+ size_t size;
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&nr_cgroup_events))
+ return;
+
+ cgroup_event = (struct perf_cgroup_event){
+ .event_id = {
+ .header = {
+ .type = PERF_RECORD_CGROUP,
+ .misc = 0,
+ .size = sizeof(cgroup_event.event_id),
+ },
+ .id = cgroup_id(cgrp),
+ },
+ };
+
+ pathname = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (pathname == NULL) {
+ cgroup_event.path = path_enomem;
+ } else {
+ /* just to be sure to have enough space for alignment */
+ cgroup_path(cgrp, pathname, PATH_MAX - sizeof(u64));
+ cgroup_event.path = pathname;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Since our buffer works in 8 byte units we need to align our string
+ * size to a multiple of 8. However, we must guarantee the tail end is
+ * zero'd out to avoid leaking random bits to userspace.
+ */
+ size = strlen(cgroup_event.path) + 1;
+ while (!IS_ALIGNED(size, sizeof(u64)))
+ cgroup_event.path[size++] = '\0';
+
+ cgroup_event.event_id.header.size += size;
+ cgroup_event.path_size = size;
+
+ perf_iterate_sb(perf_event_cgroup_output,
+ &cgroup_event,
+ NULL);
+
+ kfree(pathname);
+}
+
+#endif
+
+/*
* mmap tracking
*/

@@ -10781,6 +10883,8 @@ static void account_event(struct perf_event *event)
atomic_inc(&nr_comm_events);
if (event->attr.namespaces)
atomic_inc(&nr_namespaces_events);
+ if (event->attr.cgroup)
+ atomic_inc(&nr_cgroup_events);
if (event->attr.task)
atomic_inc(&nr_task_events);
if (event->attr.freq)
@@ -12757,6 +12861,12 @@ static void perf_cgroup_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
kfree(jc);
}

+static int perf_cgroup_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+ perf_event_cgroup(css->cgroup);
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int __perf_cgroup_move(void *info)
{
struct task_struct *task = info;
@@ -12778,6 +12888,7 @@ static void perf_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
struct cgroup_subsys perf_event_cgrp_subsys = {
.css_alloc = perf_cgroup_css_alloc,
.css_free = perf_cgroup_css_free,
+ .css_online = perf_cgroup_css_online,
.attach = perf_cgroup_attach,
/*
* Implicitly enable on dfl hierarchy so that perf events can
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