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SubjectRe: [tracing] cd8f62b481: BUG:sleeping_function_called_from_invalid_context_at_mm/slab.h
On Thu, 2 Apr 2020 14:14:40 -0400
Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:

> On Thu, 2 Apr 2020 16:19:20 +0900
> Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> > On Wed, 1 Apr 2020 11:04:01 -0400
> > Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:
> >
> > > On Wed, 1 Apr 2020 10:21:12 -0400
> > > Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > > > index 6519b7afc499..7f1466253ca8 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> > > > @@ -3487,6 +3487,14 @@ struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter,
> > > > */
> > > > if (iter->ent && iter->ent != iter->temp) {
> > > > if (!iter->temp || iter->temp_size < iter->ent_size) {
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * This function is only used to add markers between
> > > > + * events that are far apart (see trace_print_lat_context()),
> > > > + * but if this is called in an atomic context (like NMIs)
> > > > + * we can't call kmalloc(), thus just return NULL.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (in_atomic() || irqs_disabled())
> > > > + return NULL;
> > > > kfree(iter->temp);
> > > > iter->temp = kmalloc(iter->ent_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> > > > if (!iter->temp)
> > >
> > > Peter informed me on IRC not to use in_atomic() as it doesn't catch
> > > spin_locks when CONFIG_PREEMPT is not defined.
> > >
> > > As the issue is just with ftrace_dump(), I'll have it use a static buffer
> > > instead of 128 bytes. Which should be big enough for most events, and if
> > > not, then it will just miss the markers.
> >
> >
> > That sounds good, but the below patch seems to do different thing.
> > Does it just makes trace_find_next_entry() always fail if it is
> > called from ftrace_dump()?
>
> Bah! I send my emails on a different machine than I create the patches on.
> Below was my first iteration, then I decided to at least try to print some,
> changed it, but never copied the new version over, and ended up sending the
> last one.
>

Ah, got it :)

> Here's the actual patch!
>
> -- Steve
>
> From: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> Subject: [PATCH] tracing: Do not allocate buffer in trace_find_next_entry() in
> atomic
>
> When dumping out the trace data in latency format, a check is made to peek
> at the next event to compare its timestamp to the current one, and if the
> delta is of a greater size, it will add a marker showing so. But to do this,
> it needs to save the current event otherwise peeking at the next event will
> remove the current event. To save the event, a temp buffer is used, and if
> the event is bigger than the temp buffer, the temp buffer is freed and a
> bigger buffer is allocated.
>
> This allocation is a problem when called in atomic context. The only way
> this gets called via atomic context is via ftrace_dump(). Thus, use a static
> buffer of 128 bytes (which covers most events), and if the event is bigger
> than that, simply return NULL. The callers of trace_find_next_entry() need
> to handle a NULL case, as that's what would happen if the allocation failed.
>
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200326091256.GR11705@shao2-debian
>
> Fixes: ff895103a84ab ("tracing: Save off entry when peeking at next entry")
> Reported-by: kernel test robot <rong.a.chen@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> ---
> kernel/trace/trace.c | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> index 6519b7afc499..4b7bbfe7f809 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
> @@ -3472,6 +3472,9 @@ __find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter, int *ent_cpu,
> return next;
> }
>
> +#define STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE 128
> +static char static_temp_buf[STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE];
> +
> /* Find the next real entry, without updating the iterator itself */
> struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter,
> int *ent_cpu, u64 *ent_ts)
> @@ -3480,13 +3483,26 @@ struct trace_entry *trace_find_next_entry(struct trace_iterator *iter,
> int ent_size = iter->ent_size;
> struct trace_entry *entry;
>
> + /*
> + * If called from ftrace_dump(), then the iter->temp buffer
> + * will be the static_temp_buf and not created from kmalloc.
> + * If the entry size is greater than the buffer, we can
> + * not save it. Just return NULL in that case. This is only
> + * used to add markers when two consecutive events' time
> + * stamps have a large delta. See trace_print_lat_context()
> + */
> + if (iter->temp == static_temp_buf &&
> + STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE < ent_size)
> + return NULL;
> +
> /*
> * The __find_next_entry() may call peek_next_entry(), which may
> * call ring_buffer_peek() that may make the contents of iter->ent
> * undefined. Need to copy iter->ent now.
> */
> if (iter->ent && iter->ent != iter->temp) {
> - if (!iter->temp || iter->temp_size < iter->ent_size) {
> + if ((!iter->temp || iter->temp_size < iter->ent_size) &&
> + !WARN_ON_ONCE(iter->temp == static_temp_buf)) {

This must not happen because ent_size == iter->ent_size.
If it happens, it should return NULL without any trial of kfree() and
kmalloc(), becuase it will cause illegal freeing memory and memory leak.
(Note that the iter->temp never be freed in ftrace_dump() path)

Anyway, this condition is completery same as above return code.

> kfree(iter->temp);
> iter->temp = kmalloc(iter->ent_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!iter->temp)
> @@ -9203,6 +9219,8 @@ void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode)
>
> /* Simulate the iterator */
> trace_init_global_iter(&iter);
> + /* Can not use kmalloc for iter.temp */
> + iter.temp = static_temp_buf;
>

You may miss initializing temp_size here.

iter.temp_size = STATIC_TEMP_BUF_SIZE;

BTW, as I pointed, if the iter->temp is for avoiding the data overwritten
by ringbuffer writer, would we need to use it for ftrace_dump() too?
It seems that ftrace_dump() stops tracing.

void ftrace_dump(enum ftrace_dump_mode oops_dump_mode)
{
[...]
/* Only allow one dump user at a time. */
if (atomic_inc_return(&dump_running) != 1) {
atomic_dec(&dump_running);
return;
}

/*
* Always turn off tracing when we dump.
* We don't need to show trace output of what happens
* between multiple crashes.
*
* If the user does a sysrq-z, then they can re-enable
* tracing with echo 1 > tracing_on.
*/
tracing_off();



Thank you,


> for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
> atomic_inc(&per_cpu_ptr(iter.array_buffer->data, cpu)->disabled);
> --
> 2.20.1
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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