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SubjectRe: lockdep warning in urb.c:363 usb_submit_urb
On Friday, April 3, 2020 5:04:16 PM CEST Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Sunday, March 29, 2020 6:27:38 PM CEST Alan Stern wrote:
> > On Sun, 29 Mar 2020, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >
> > > On Sat, Mar 28, 2020 at 8:58 PM Alan Stern <> wrote:
> [cut]
> > > > Can you give a similarly
> > > > succinct outline for how SMART_SUSPEND and LEAVE_SUSPENDED should work?
> > > > And also describe how they differ from direct_complete and how they
> > > > interact with it? (For example, how does setting both flags differ
> > > > from returning a positive value from ->prepare?)
> > >
> > > I will, but I need some time to do that. Stay tuned.
> >
> > You bet!
> Sorry for the delay, too much distraction nowadays.
> I'll address the other points in your message separately.
> The rules for SMART_SUSPEND are as follows:
> (a) If SMART_SUSPEND is set and the device is runtime-suspended during system
> suspend, it is not expected to be resumed by the core or the middle layer
> (subsystem) code unless the latter has a specific reason to do that (e.g.
> it knows that the device needs to be reconfigured which cannot be done
> without resuming it).
> The device can still be resumed when it is needed to suspend a dependent
> device, but that cannot happen before the "late suspend" phase.


> (b) Drivers that set SMART_SUSPEND are allowed to reuse their PM-runtime
> callbacks for system-wide suspend and resume.
> That is, they can point either the ->suspend_late or the ->suspend_noirq
> callback pointer to the same function as ->runtime_suspend and they can
> point either the ->resume_noirq or ->the resume_early callback to the'
> same function as ->runtime_resume.
> (c) Drivers that set SMART_SUSPEND are alwo allowed to provide special


> simplified callbacks for the "freeze" and "thaw" transitions during
> hibernation (and restore) and (if they do so) special callbacks for the
> "restore" phase.
> [OK, I realize that (b) and (c) are not documented, see the notes below.]
> Because of (a), if the device with SMART_SUSPEND set is still runtime-suspended
> during the "late" phase of suspend, the core will not invoke the driver's
> "late" and "noirq" suspend callbacks directly (*). Middle layer (subsystem)
> code is expected to behave accordingly.
> Because of (b), if the "late" and "noirq" driver callbacks were skipped during
> the "freeze" transition, the core will also avoid invoking the "noirq" and
> "early" callbacks provided by the driver during the "thaw" transition and
> the callbacks during the "restore" transition will be executed unconditionally
> (**). Middle layer code is expected to behave accordingly.
> Notes:
> 1. I have considered splitting SMART_SUSPEND into two or even three flags
> so that (a), (b) and (c) are each associated with a separate flag, but
> then I would expect the majority of users to use all of them anyway.
> 2. LEAVE_SUSPENDED (which may be better renamed to SKIP_RESUME) is kind of
> expected to be used along with SMART_SUSPEND unless there is a good enough
> reason to avoid using it. I admit that this isn't really straightforward,
> maybe the default behavior should be to skip the resume and there should be
> 3. (*) Under the assumption that either ->suspend_late or ->suspend_noirq
> points to the same routine as ->runtime_suspend (and the other is NULL),
> invokig that callback for a runtime-suspended device is technically invalid.
> In turn, under the assumption that either ->resume_early or ->resume_noirq
> points to the same routine as ->runtime_resume (and the other is NULL), it is
> valid to invoke that callback if the late/noirq suspend was skipped.
> 4. (**) If the "freeze" and "thaw" callbacks are simplified, they cannot be
> run back-to-back with ->runtime_resume and ->runtime_suspend, respectively.

That is, ->freeze -> ->runtime_resume would be invalid and
->runtime_suspend -> ->thaw would be invalid.

> Thus if "freeze" is skippend, "thaw" must be skipped too. However,
> "restore" needs to be prepared to be invoked after "freeze" or
> ->runtime_suspend (and the state of the device may not match the
> callback that ran previously), so it must be special.
> 5. I agree that skipping the driver level of callbacks depending on what is
> provided by the middle layer is inconsistent, but I wanted to take the
> users of pm_runtime_force_suspend/resume() into account by letting those
> things run.
> It would be more consistent to expect middle layer code (bus types, PM
> domains) to provide either all of the noirq/early/late callbacks, or none
> of them and make SMART_SUSPEND and pm_runtime_force_suspend/resume()
> mutually exclusive.
> Cheers!

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