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SubjectRE: [PATCH v1 1/8] vfio: Add VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST(alloc/free)
Date
> From: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Sent: Friday, April 3, 2020 1:50 AM
>
> On Sun, 22 Mar 2020 05:31:58 -0700
> "Liu, Yi L" <yi.l.liu@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > From: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> >
> > For a long time, devices have only one DMA address space from platform
> > IOMMU's point of view. This is true for both bare metal and directed-
> > access in virtualization environment. Reason is the source ID of DMA in
> > PCIe are BDF (bus/dev/fnc ID), which results in only device granularity
> > DMA isolation. However, this is changing with the latest advancement in
> > I/O technology area. More and more platform vendors are utilizing the
> PCIe
> > PASID TLP prefix in DMA requests, thus to give devices with multiple DMA
> > address spaces as identified by their individual PASIDs. For example,
> > Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA, a.k.a Shared Virtual Memory) is able to
> > let device access multiple process virtual address space by binding the
> > virtual address space with a PASID. Wherein the PASID is allocated in
> > software and programmed to device per device specific manner. Devices
> > which support PASID capability are called PASID-capable devices. If such
> > devices are passed through to VMs, guest software are also able to bind
> > guest process virtual address space on such devices. Therefore, the guest
> > software could reuse the bare metal software programming model, which
> > means guest software will also allocate PASID and program it to device
> > directly. This is a dangerous situation since it has potential PASID
> > conflicts and unauthorized address space access. It would be safer to
> > let host intercept in the guest software's PASID allocation. Thus PASID
> > are managed system-wide.
>
> Providing an allocation interface only allows for collaborative usage
> of PASIDs though. Do we have any ability to enforce PASID usage or can
> a user spoof other PASIDs on the same BDF?

An user can access only PASIDs allocated to itself, i.e. the specific IOASID
set tied to its mm_struct.

Thanks
Kevin

>
> > This patch adds VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST ioctl which aims to
> passdown
> > PASID allocation/free request from the virtual IOMMU. Additionally, such
> > requests are intended to be invoked by QEMU or other applications which
> > are running in userspace, it is necessary to have a mechanism to prevent
> > single application from abusing available PASIDs in system. With such
> > consideration, this patch tracks the VFIO PASID allocation per-VM. There
> > was a discussion to make quota to be per assigned devices. e.g. if a VM
> > has many assigned devices, then it should have more quota. However, it
> > is not sure how many PASIDs an assigned devices will use. e.g. it is
> > possible that a VM with multiples assigned devices but requests less
> > PASIDs. Therefore per-VM quota would be better.
> >
> > This patch uses struct mm pointer as a per-VM token. We also considered
> > using task structure pointer and vfio_iommu structure pointer. However,
> > task structure is per-thread, which means it cannot achieve per-VM PASID
> > alloc tracking purpose. While for vfio_iommu structure, it is visible
> > only within vfio. Therefore, structure mm pointer is selected. This patch
> > adds a structure vfio_mm. A vfio_mm is created when the first vfio
> > container is opened by a VM. On the reverse order, vfio_mm is free when
> > the last vfio container is released. Each VM is assigned with a PASID
> > quota, so that it is not able to request PASID beyond its quota. This
> > patch adds a default quota of 1000. This quota could be tuned by
> > administrator. Making PASID quota tunable will be added in another patch
> > in this series.
> >
> > Previous discussions:
> > https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11209429/
> >
> > Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> > CC: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Yi Sun <yi.y.sun@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 130
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 104
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > include/linux/vfio.h | 20 +++++++
> > include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 41 +++++++++++++
> > 4 files changed, 295 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> > index c848262..d13b483 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> > @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
> > #include <linux/vfio.h>
> > #include <linux/wait.h>
> > #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
> > +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> >
> > #define DRIVER_VERSION "0.3"
> > #define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson
> <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> > @@ -46,6 +47,8 @@ static struct vfio {
> > struct mutex group_lock;
> > struct cdev group_cdev;
> > dev_t group_devt;
> > + struct list_head vfio_mm_list;
> > + struct mutex vfio_mm_lock;
> > wait_queue_head_t release_q;
> > } vfio;
> >
> > @@ -2129,6 +2132,131 @@ int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev,
> enum vfio_notify_type type,
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unregister_notifier);
> >
> > /**
> > + * VFIO_MM objects - create, release, get, put, search
> > + * Caller of the function should have held vfio.vfio_mm_lock.
> > + */
> > +static struct vfio_mm *vfio_create_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm;
> > + struct vfio_mm_token *token;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + vmm = kzalloc(sizeof(*vmm), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vmm)
> > + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +
> > + /* Per mm IOASID set used for quota control and group operations
> */
> > + ret = ioasid_alloc_set((struct ioasid_set *) mm,
> > + VFIO_DEFAULT_PASID_QUOTA, &vmm-
> >ioasid_sid);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + kfree(vmm);
> > + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> > + }
> > +
> > + kref_init(&vmm->kref);
> > + token = &vmm->token;
> > + token->val = mm;
> > + vmm->pasid_quota = VFIO_DEFAULT_PASID_QUOTA;
> > + mutex_init(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> > +
> > + list_add(&vmm->vfio_next, &vfio.vfio_mm_list);
> > +
> > + return vmm;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vfio_mm_unlock_and_free(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> > +{
> > + /* destroy the ioasid set */
> > + ioasid_free_set(vmm->ioasid_sid, true);
> > + mutex_unlock(&vfio.vfio_mm_lock);
> > + kfree(vmm);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* called with vfio.vfio_mm_lock held */
> > +static void vfio_mm_release(struct kref *kref)
> > +{
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm = container_of(kref, struct vfio_mm, kref);
> > +
> > + list_del(&vmm->vfio_next);
> > + vfio_mm_unlock_and_free(vmm);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void vfio_mm_put(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> > +{
> > + kref_put_mutex(&vmm->kref, vfio_mm_release,
> &vfio.vfio_mm_lock);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_put);
> > +
> > +/* Assume vfio_mm_lock or vfio_mm reference is held */
> > +static void vfio_mm_get(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> > +{
> > + kref_get(&vmm->kref);
> > +}
> > +
> > +struct vfio_mm *vfio_mm_get_from_task(struct task_struct *task)
> > +{
> > + struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(task);
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm;
> > + unsigned long long val = (unsigned long long) mm;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&vfio.vfio_mm_lock);
> > + list_for_each_entry(vmm, &vfio.vfio_mm_list, vfio_next) {
> > + if (vmm->token.val == val) {
> > + vfio_mm_get(vmm);
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + vmm = vfio_create_mm(mm);
> > + if (IS_ERR(vmm))
> > + vmm = NULL;
> > +out:
> > + mutex_unlock(&vfio.vfio_mm_lock);
> > + mmput(mm);
> > + return vmm;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_get_from_task);
> > +
> > +int vfio_mm_pasid_alloc(struct vfio_mm *vmm, int min, int max)
> > +{
> > + ioasid_t pasid;
> > + int ret = -ENOSPC;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> > +
> > + pasid = ioasid_alloc(vmm->ioasid_sid, min, max, NULL);
> > + if (pasid == INVALID_IOASID) {
> > + ret = -ENOSPC;
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = pasid;
> > +out_unlock:
> > + mutex_unlock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_pasid_alloc);
> > +
> > +int vfio_mm_pasid_free(struct vfio_mm *vmm, ioasid_t pasid)
> > +{
> > + void *pdata;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> > + pdata = ioasid_find(vmm->ioasid_sid, pasid, NULL);
> > + if (IS_ERR(pdata)) {
> > + ret = PTR_ERR(pdata);
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
> > + ioasid_free(pasid);
> > +
> > +out_unlock:
> > + mutex_unlock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_pasid_free);
> > +
> > +/**
> > * Module/class support
> > */
> > static char *vfio_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
> > @@ -2151,8 +2279,10 @@ static int __init vfio_init(void)
> > idr_init(&vfio.group_idr);
> > mutex_init(&vfio.group_lock);
> > mutex_init(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
> > + mutex_init(&vfio.vfio_mm_lock);
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vfio.group_list);
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vfio.iommu_drivers_list);
> > + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vfio.vfio_mm_list);
> > init_waitqueue_head(&vfio.release_q);
> >
> > ret = misc_register(&vfio_dev);
>
> Is vfio.c the right place for any of the above? It seems like it could
> all be in a separate vfio_pasid module, similar to our virqfd module.
>
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > index a177bf2..331ceee 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > @@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ struct vfio_iommu {
> > unsigned int dma_avail;
> > bool v2;
> > bool nesting;
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm;
> > };
> >
> > struct vfio_domain {
> > @@ -2018,6 +2019,7 @@ static void
> vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
> > static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
> > {
> > struct vfio_iommu *iommu;
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm = NULL;
> >
> > iommu = kzalloc(sizeof(*iommu), GFP_KERNEL);
> > if (!iommu)
> > @@ -2043,6 +2045,10 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned
> long arg)
> > iommu->dma_avail = dma_entry_limit;
> > mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
> > BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(&iommu->notifier);
> > + vmm = vfio_mm_get_from_task(current);
> > + if (!vmm)
> > + pr_err("Failed to get vfio_mm track\n");
>
> Doesn't this presume everyone is instantly running PASID capable hosts?
> Looks like a noisy support regression to me.
>
> > + iommu->vmm = vmm;
> >
> > return iommu;
> > }
> > @@ -2084,6 +2090,8 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_release(void
> *iommu_data)
> > }
> >
> > vfio_iommu_iova_free(&iommu->iova_list);
> > + if (iommu->vmm)
> > + vfio_mm_put(iommu->vmm);
> >
> > kfree(iommu);
> > }
> > @@ -2172,6 +2180,55 @@ static int vfio_iommu_iova_build_caps(struct
> vfio_iommu *iommu,
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > +static bool vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_req_valid(u32 flags)
> > +{
> > + return !((flags & ~VFIO_PASID_REQUEST_MASK) ||
> > + (flags & VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_ALLOC &&
> > + flags & VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_FREE));
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_alloc(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> > + int min,
> > + int max)
> > +{
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm = iommu->vmm;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> > + if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)) {
> > + ret = -EFAULT;
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
>
> Non-iommu backed mdevs are excluded from this? Is this a matter of
> wiring the call out through the mdev parent device, or is this just
> possible?
>
> > + if (vmm)
> > + ret = vfio_mm_pasid_alloc(vmm, min, max);
> > + else
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > +out_unlock:
> > + mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_free(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> > + unsigned int pasid)
> > +{
> > + struct vfio_mm *vmm = iommu->vmm;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> > + if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)) {
> > + ret = -EFAULT;
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
>
> So if a container had an iommu backed device when the pasid was
> allocated, but it was removed, now they can't free it? Why do we need
> the check above?
>
> > +
> > + if (vmm)
> > + ret = vfio_mm_pasid_free(vmm, pasid);
> > + else
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > +out_unlock:
> > + mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
> > unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > {
> > @@ -2276,6 +2333,53 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void
> *iommu_data,
> >
> > return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &unmap, minsz) ?
> > -EFAULT : 0;
> > +
> > + } else if (cmd == VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST) {
> > + struct vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request req;
> > + unsigned long offset;
> > +
> > + minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request,
> > + flags);
> > +
> > + if (copy_from_user(&req, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + if (req.argsz < minsz ||
> > + !vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_req_valid(req.flags))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (copy_from_user((void *)&req + minsz,
> > + (void __user *)arg + minsz,
> > + sizeof(req) - minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
>
> Huh? Why do we have argsz if we're going to assume this is here?
>
> > +
> > + switch (req.flags & VFIO_PASID_REQUEST_MASK) {
> > + case VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_ALLOC:
> > + {
> > + int ret = 0, result;
> > +
> > + result = vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_alloc(iommu,
> > + req.alloc_pasid.min,
> > + req.alloc_pasid.max);
> > + if (result > 0) {
> > + offset = offsetof(
> > + struct
> vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request,
> > + alloc_pasid.result);
> > + ret = copy_to_user(
> > + (void __user *) (arg + offset),
> > + &result, sizeof(result));
>
> Again assuming argsz supports this.
>
> > + } else {
> > + pr_debug("%s: PASID alloc failed\n",
> __func__);
>
> rate limit?
>
> > + ret = -EFAULT;
> > + }
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + case VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_FREE:
> > + return vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_free(iommu,
> > + req.free_pasid);
> > + default:
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > }
> >
> > return -ENOTTY;
> > diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> > index e42a711..75f9f7f1 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> > @@ -89,6 +89,26 @@ extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct
> vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
> > extern void vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(
> > const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
> >
> > +#define VFIO_DEFAULT_PASID_QUOTA 1000
> > +struct vfio_mm_token {
> > + unsigned long long val;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vfio_mm {
> > + struct kref kref;
> > + struct vfio_mm_token token;
> > + int ioasid_sid;
> > + /* protect @pasid_quota field and pasid allocation/free */
> > + struct mutex pasid_lock;
> > + int pasid_quota;
> > + struct list_head vfio_next;
> > +};
> > +
> > +extern struct vfio_mm *vfio_mm_get_from_task(struct task_struct *task);
> > +extern void vfio_mm_put(struct vfio_mm *vmm);
> > +extern int vfio_mm_pasid_alloc(struct vfio_mm *vmm, int min, int max);
> > +extern int vfio_mm_pasid_free(struct vfio_mm *vmm, ioasid_t pasid);
> > +
> > /*
> > * External user API
> > */
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> > index 9e843a1..298ac80 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> > @@ -794,6 +794,47 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap {
> > #define VFIO_IOMMU_ENABLE _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 15)
> > #define VFIO_IOMMU_DISABLE _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 16)
> >
> > +/*
> > + * PASID (Process Address Space ID) is a PCIe concept which
> > + * has been extended to support DMA isolation in fine-grain.
> > + * With device assigned to user space (e.g. VMs), PASID alloc
> > + * and free need to be system wide. This structure defines
> > + * the info for pasid alloc/free between user space and kernel
> > + * space.
> > + *
> > + * @flag=VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_ALLOC, refer to the @alloc_pasid
> > + * @flag=VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_FREE, refer to @free_pasid
> > + */
> > +struct vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request {
> > + __u32 argsz;
> > +#define VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_ALLOC (1 << 0)
> > +#define VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_FREE (1 << 1)
> > + __u32 flags;
> > + union {
> > + struct {
> > + __u32 min;
> > + __u32 max;
> > + __u32 result;
> > + } alloc_pasid;
> > + __u32 free_pasid;
> > + };
>
> We seem to be using __u8 data[] lately where the struct at data is
> defined by the flags. should we do that here?
>
> > +};
> > +
> > +#define VFIO_PASID_REQUEST_MASK (VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_ALLOC
> | \
> > + VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_FREE)
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 22,
> > + * struct vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request)
> > + *
> > + * Availability of this feature depends on PASID support in the device,
> > + * its bus, the underlying IOMMU and the CPU architecture. In VFIO, it
> > + * is available after VFIO_SET_IOMMU.
> > + *
> > + * returns: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
> > + */
> > +#define VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE +
> 22)
>
> So a user needs to try to allocate a PASID in order to test for the
> support? Should we have a PROBE flag?
>
> > +
> > /* -------- Additional API for SPAPR TCE (Server POWERPC) IOMMU --------
> */
> >
> > /*

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