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SubjectRe: Help with IRQ-MSI-IRQ bridges
On Fri, 3 Apr 2020 05:13:35 -0600
Luís Matallui <matallui@gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Marc,
>
> On Fri, 3 Apr 2020 at 04:18, Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > Hi Luis,
> >
> > On 2020-04-03 02:35, Luís Matallui wrote:
> > > Hi,
> > >
> > > I've got this SoC which uses IRQ-MSI and MSI-IRQ bridges in order to
> > > get interrupts from devices external to the ARM subsystem.
> > > I already got some pointers from Maz and have been able to create the
> > > drivers with the stacked domains and can now see the mappings working
> > > fine across domains.
> > >
> > > Maz pointed me to the Marvell mvebu-gicp (for my MSI controller, a.k.a
> > > MSI-IRQ bridge) and to mvebu-icu for the MSI client (IRQ-MSI bridge).
> > >
> > > I now have the interrupts working, but it seems like I'm missing a
> > > bunch of them. And therefore my device doesn't work properly.
> > > The main difference between my HW and Marvell's is that my IRQs are
> > > not level-triggered and the MSIs don't support the two messages for
> > > level-triggered interrupts.
> >
> > Which is probably a very good thing, as long as all your devices
> > generate
> > only edge-triggered interrupts.
> >
> > >
> > > To illustrate my system:
> > >
> > > DEV --line--> IRQ-MSI Bridge (MSIC) --msi--> MSI-IRQ Bridge (GICP)
> > > --line--> GICv2
> > >
> > > For MSIC, all I can do is configure the address and data for the MSI,
> > > and I believe on every rising edge of the Device IRQ, an MSI is sent.
> > > For GICP, all I have is a doorbell and a way to enable/disable it, and
> > > whenever the doorbell is enabled and has a value != 0, the IRQ line to
> > > GICv2 gets asserted.
> > >
> > > The first thing I noticed is that when I get an interrupt, the IRQ
> > > flow goes like:
> > >
> > > handle_irq();
> > > irq_eoi();
> > >
> > > So, I guess my first question here is, how can I guarantee that I
> > > don't get another MSI whilst in handle_irq()?
> >
> > At the GIC level, once the interrupt is Ack'd, anything that is signed
> > after this ack is a separate interrupt. It will be made pending and will
> > fire once the GIC driver EOIs the first one.
>
> The thing here is, there is no Ack, or at least my irqchips are not getting
> the irq_ack() callback, which is where I was expecting to clear the doorbell.

Not getting an irq_ack() here is expected, as the GIC uses the fast_eoi
flow, which doesn't use irq_ack() at all. If you really want irq_ack()
to be called, you'll need to change that flow for the specified
interrupts (handle_fasteoi_ack_irq is probably of interest).

>
> >
> > > If I do, then I will clear the doorbell on irq_eoi() (because that's
> > > my only choice) and will lose the queued IRQs.
> >
> > Why do you need to do anything at the doorbell level? This is just a
> > write,
> > so there should be nothing to clear. If you do need to clear anything,
> > then your MSI-IRQ bridge isn't stateless as it should, and you'll need
> > to
> > give much more details about the HW. Do you have a pointer to the TRM
> > for your HW?
>
> The hardware is really simple. On the MSI controller (GICP) side, each
> interrupt only has 3 registers: 1 status, 1 mask and 1 clear. When an
> MSI lands a write on the status register, it asserts the interrupt line.
> The interrupt stays asserted until we clear the status (using the clear
> register). The mask register is just to enable the interrupt basically.
> The MSI data is really irrelevant, as long as it's non-zero we always
> obtain the same result.

Does it mean it asserts a level each time it gets an edge, and you need
to clear the MSI to allow another one? If so, that's a bit silly. it
would have made a lot more sense to leave it flowing to the GIC where
all the logic is already present.

>
> On the MSI client side, we only configure the MSI address and data for
> a certain device interrupt line, and for each rising edge, an MSI gets issued.
>
> >
> > > It also seems that I'm missing IRQs in the beginning after probing the
> > > device, and before it was working for me when I was setting up all
> > > these registers manually and simply using GICv2 as my only interrupt
> > > controller.
> >
> > Well, setting all of this in firmware is always the preferred option
> > if you don't expect things to change dynamically.
>
> Well, the solution I have now works perfectly for the configuration, because
> the MSIC gets configured by msi_compose_msg -> msi_write_msg at IRQ
> allocation time and never gets touched again.
>
> Then when the IRQ gets activated, the GICP is unmasking the interrupt but
> enabling the doorbell (setting the mask register).
>
> The only thing I really need is to intercept every MSI before the handler so
> I can Ack it by clearing the doorbell status register.

See above.

> > > I do see the unmask() ops being called for all my stacked irqchips, so
> > > I don't understand how I'm missing so many interrupts.
> >
> > unmask is just a static configuration to enable the interrupt. There
> > shouldn't
> > be that many calls to that later on unless an endpoint driver
> > disables/enables
> > interrupts by hand.
> >
> > Please give us a bit more details to understand the context, as there is
> > only
> > so much I can do with so little HW information.
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> > M.
> > --
> > Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...
>
> Let me know if that is good enough information. There's really not much on
> the HW side.

If I'm correct above, I'd say there is a bit too much there! ;-)

M.
--
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...

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