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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 00/14] KVM: Dirty ring interface
On Sun, Apr 26, 2020 at 10:29:51AM +0000, Tian, Kevin wrote:
> > From: Peter Xu
> > Sent: Friday, April 24, 2020 10:20 PM
> >
> > On Fri, Apr 24, 2020 at 06:01:46AM +0000, Tian, Kevin wrote:
> > > > From: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> > > > Sent: Thursday, April 23, 2020 11:23 PM
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Apr 23, 2020 at 06:28:43AM +0000, Tian, Kevin wrote:
> > > > > > From: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> > > > > > Sent: Thursday, April 23, 2020 2:52 AM
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Hi,
> > > > > >
> > > > > > TL;DR: I'm thinking whether we should record pure GPA/GFN instead
> > of
> > > > > > (slot_id,
> > > > > > slot_offset) tuple for dirty pages in kvm dirty ring to unbind
> > > > kvm_dirty_gfn
> > > > > > with memslots.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > (A slightly longer version starts...)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > The problem is that binding dirty tracking operations to KVM
> > memslots is
> > > > a
> > > > > > restriction that needs synchronization to memslot changes, which
> > further
> > > > > > needs
> > > > > > synchronization across all the vcpus because they're the consumers of
> > > > > > memslots.
> > > > > > E.g., when we remove a memory slot, we need to flush all the dirty
> > bits
> > > > > > correctly before we do the removal of the memslot. That's actually an
> > > > > > known
> > > > > > defect for QEMU/KVM [1] (I bet it could be a defect for many other
> > > > > > hypervisors...) right now with current dirty logging. Meanwhile, even
> > if
> > > > we
> > > > > > fix it, that procedure is not scale at all, and error prone to dead locks.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Here memory removal is really an (still corner-cased but relatively)
> > > > important
> > > > > > scenario to think about for dirty logging comparing to memory
> > additions
> > > > &
> > > > > > movings. Because memory addition will always have no initial dirty
> > page,
> > > > > > and
> > > > > > we don't really move RAM a lot (or do we ever?!) for a general VM
> > use
> > > > case.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Then I went a step back to think about why we need these dirty bit
> > > > > > information
> > > > > > after all if the memslot is going to be removed?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > There're two cases:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - When the memslot is going to be removed forever, then the dirty
> > > > > > information
> > > > > > is indeed meaningless and can be dropped, and,
> > > > > >
> > > > > > - When the memslot is going to be removed but quickly added back
> > with
> > > > > > changed
> > > > > > size, then we need to keep those dirty bits because it's just a
> > commmon
> > > > > > way
> > > > > > to e.g. punch an MMIO hole in an existing RAM region (here I'd
> > confess
> > > > I
> > > > > > feel like using "slot_id" to identify memslot is really unfriendly
> > syscall
> > > > > > design for things like "hole punchings" in the RAM address space...
> > > > > > However such "punch hold" operation is really needed even for a
> > > > common
> > > > > > guest for either system reboots or device hotplugs, etc.).
> > > > >
> > > > > why would device hotplug punch a hole in an existing RAM region?
> > > >
> > > > I thought it could happen because I used to trace the KVM ioctls and see
> > the
> > > > memslot changes during driver loading. But later when I tried to hotplug
> > a
> > >
> > > Is there more detail why driver loading may lead to memslot changes?
> >
> > E.g., I can observe these after Linux loads and before the prompt, which is a
> > simplest VM with default devices on:
> >
> > 41874@1587736345.192636:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.192760:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.193884:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.193956:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.195788:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.195838:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.196769:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.196827:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.197787:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.197832:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.198777:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.198836:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.200491:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.200537:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.201592:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.201649:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.202415:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.202461:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.203169:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.203225:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.204037:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.204083:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.204983:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.205041:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.205940:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.206022:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x0
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x0 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.206981:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#3 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41874@1587736345.207038:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#65539 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xfd000000 size=0x1000000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> > 41875@1587736351.141052:kvm_set_user_memory Slot#9 flags=0x1
> > gpa=0xa0000 size=0x10000 ua=0x7fadf6800000 ret=0
> >
> > After a careful look, I noticed it's only the VGA device mostly turning slot 3
> > off & on. Frankly speaking I don't know why it happens to do so.
> >
> > >
> > > > device I do see that it won't... The new MMIO regions are added only
> > into
> > > > 0xfe000000 for a virtio-net:
> > > >
> > > > 00000000fe000000-00000000fe000fff (prio 0, i/o): virtio-pci-common
> > > > 00000000fe001000-00000000fe001fff (prio 0, i/o): virtio-pci-isr
> > > > 00000000fe002000-00000000fe002fff (prio 0, i/o): virtio-pci-device
> > > > 00000000fe003000-00000000fe003fff (prio 0, i/o): virtio-pci-notify
> > > > 00000000fe840000-00000000fe84002f (prio 0, i/o): msix-table
> > > > 00000000fe840800-00000000fe840807 (prio 0, i/o): msix-pba
> > > >
> > > > Does it mean that device plugging is guaranteed to not trigger RAM
> > changes?
> > >
> > > I'd think so. Otherwise from guest p.o.v any device hotplug implies doing
> > > a memory hot-unplug first then it's a bad design.
> >
> > Right that's what I was confused about. Then maybe you're right. :)
> >
> > >
> > > > I
> > > > am really curious about what cases we need to consider in which we
> > need to
> > > > keep
> > > > the dirty bits for a memory removal, and if system reset is the only case,
> > then
> > > > it could be even easier (because we might be able to avoid the sync in
> > > > memory
> > > > removal but do that once in a sys reset hook)...
> > >
> > > Possibly memory hot-unplug, as allowed by recent virtio-mem?
> >
> > That should belong to the case where dirty bits do not matter at all after the
> > removal, right? I would be mostly curious about when we (1) remove a
> > memory
> > slot, and at the meantime (2) we still care about the dirty bits of that slot.
>
> I remember one case. PCIe spec defines a resizable BAR capability, allowing
> hardware to communicate supported resource sizes and software to set
> an optimal size back to hardware. If such a capability is presented to guest
> and the BAR is backed by memory, it's possible to observe a removal-and-
> add-back scenario. However in such case, the spec requires the software
> to clear memory space enable bit in command register before changing
> the BAR size. I suppose such thing should happen at boot phase where
> dirty bits related to old BAR size don't matter.

Good to know. Yes it makes sense to have no valid data if the driver is trying
to decide the bar size at boot time.

>
> >
> > I'll see whether I can remove the dirty bit sync in kvm_set_phys_mem(),
> > which I
> > think is really nasty.
> >
> > >
> > > btw VFIO faces a similar problem when unmapping a DMA range (e.g.
> > when
> > > vIOMMU is enabled) in dirty log phase. There could be some dirty bits
> > which are
> > > not retrieved when unmapping happens. VFIO chooses to return the dirty
> > > bits in a buffer passed in the unmapping parameters. Can memslot
> > interface
> > > do similar thing by allowing the userspace to specify a buffer pointer to
> > hold
> > > whatever dirty pages recorded for the slot that is being removed?
> >
> > Yes I think we can, but may not be necessary. Actually IMHO CPU access to
> > pages are slightly different to device DMAs in that we can do these sequence
> > to
> > collect the dirty bits of a slot safely:
> >
> > - mark slot as READONLY
> > - KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG on the slot
> > - finally remove the slot
> >
> > I guess VFIO cannot do that because there's no way to really "mark the
> > region
> > as read-only" for a device because DMA could happen and DMA would fail
> > then
> > when writting to a readonly slot.
> >
> > On the KVM/CPU side, after we mark the slot as READONLY then the CPU
> > writes
> > will page fault and fallback to the QEMU userspace, then QEMU will take care
> > of
> > the writes (so those writes could be slow but still working) then even if we
> > mark it READONLY it won't fail the writes but just fallback to QEMU.
>
> Yes, you are right.
>
> >
> > Btw, since we're discussing the VFIO dirty logging across memory removal...
> > the
> > unmapping DMA range you're talking about needs to be added back later,
> > right?
>
> pure memory removal doesn't need add-back. Or are you specifically
> referring to removal-and-add-back case?

Oh right I get the point now - VFIO unmap is different that it does not mean
the RAM is going away, but the RAM is only not accessable any more from the
device, so it's actually a different scenario here comparing to real memory
removals. Sorry I obviously missed that... :)

Thanks,

>
> > Then what if the device does DMA after the removal but before it's added
> > back?
>
> then just got IOMMU page fault, but I guess that I didn't get your real
> question...
>
> > I think this is a more general question not for dirty logging but also for when
> > dirty logging is not enabled - I never understand how this could be fixed with
> > existing facilities.
> >
>
> Thanks,
> Kevin

--
Peter Xu

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