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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/4] iio: vcnl4000: Factorize data reading and writing.
On Sun, 26 Apr 2020 09:58:31 +0100
Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:

> On Wed, 22 Apr 2020 15:08:53 +0200
> Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> > Factorize data reading in vcnl4000_measure into a vcnl4000_read_data
> > function. Also add a vcnl4000_write_data function.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com>

Gah. I'm clearly blind but thankfully sparse gave a warning on a __be16
cast that got me to look more closely at the code. As it turns out, the
existing code won't work on be16 platforms...

> > ---
> > drivers/iio/light/vcnl4000.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> > 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iio/light/vcnl4000.c b/drivers/iio/light/vcnl4000.c
> > index 58e97462e803..695a81e95d8d 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iio/light/vcnl4000.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iio/light/vcnl4000.c
> > @@ -215,11 +215,34 @@ static int vcnl4200_init(struct vcnl4000_data *data)
> > return 0;
> > };
> >
> > +static int vcnl4000_read_data(struct vcnl4000_data *data, u8 data_reg, int *val)
> > +{
> > + s32 ret;
> > +
> > + ret = i2c_smbus_read_word_data(data->client, data_reg);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + *val = be16_to_cpu(ret);
This is wrong. I2C has a defined byte order and the i2 master will return
the bytes in that order for i2c_smbus_read_word_data calls.

Now, not all i2c devices actually obey the specification from Philips so
sometimes it's necessary to swap the bytes to reflect that. However, you
have to do it unconditionally because if you have a be16 platform the wire
order will still be assumed to be le16 and an incorrect swap will have been
applied (so we have to swap back again).

Anyhow, this is common enough that we have i2c_smbus_read_word_swapped
to deal with it. Also similar for the write equivalent.

Interesting to note that the driver is currently broken so we should
do this fix as a precursor patch so we can backport to stable.

Jonathan

> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vcnl4000_write_data(struct vcnl4000_data *data, u8 data_reg, int val)
> > +{
> > + __be16 be_val;
> > +
> > + if (val > U16_MAX)
> > + return -ERANGE;
> > +
> > + be_val = cpu_to_be16(val);
> > + return i2c_smbus_write_word_data(data->client, data_reg, be_val);
> > +}
> > +
> > +
>
> Nitpick: One line is plenty. I can tidy this up whilst applying if
> we don't go to v6 for other reasons.
>
> Otherwise this looks fine.
>
> Jonathan
>
>
> > static int vcnl4000_measure(struct vcnl4000_data *data, u8 req_mask,
> > u8 rdy_mask, u8 data_reg, int *val)
> > {
> > int tries = 20;
> > - __be16 buf;
> > int ret;
> >
> > mutex_lock(&data->vcnl4000_lock);
> > @@ -246,13 +269,11 @@ static int vcnl4000_measure(struct vcnl4000_data *data, u8 req_mask,
> > goto fail;
> > }
> >
> > - ret = i2c_smbus_read_i2c_block_data(data->client,
> > - data_reg, sizeof(buf), (u8 *) &buf);
> > + ret = vcnl4000_read_data(data, data_reg, val);
> > if (ret < 0)
> > goto fail;
> >
> > mutex_unlock(&data->vcnl4000_lock);
> > - *val = be16_to_cpu(buf);
> >
> > return 0;
> >
>

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