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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 03/14] KVM: X86: Don't track dirty for KVM_SET_[TSS_ADDR|IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR]
On Thu, Apr 23, 2020 at 01:39:44PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 02:59:49PM -0400, Peter Xu wrote:
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > index 1b6d9ac9533c..faa702c4d37b 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > @@ -9791,7 +9791,32 @@ void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm)
> > kvm_free_pit(kvm);
> > }
> >
> > -int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > +#define ERR_PTR_USR(e) ((void __user *)ERR_PTR(e))
>
> Heh, my first thought when reading the below code was "cool, I didn't know
> there was ERR_PTR_USR!". This probably should be in include/linux/err.h,
> or maybe a new arch specific implementation if it's not universally safe.

Yeah, I just wanted to avoid introducing things in common headers before I'm
sure it'll be used in the rest of the world.. We can always replace them with
a global definition when it comes.

>
> An alternative, which looks enticing given that proper user variants will
> be a bit of an explosion, would be to do:
>
> static void *____x86_set_memory_region(...)
> {
> <actual function>
> }
>
> void __user *__x86_set_memory_region(...)
> {
> return (void __user *)____x86_set_memory_region(...);
> }
>
> A second alternative would be to return an "unsigned long", i.e. force the
> one function that actually accesses the hva to do the cast. I think I like
> this option the best as it would minimize the churn in
> __x86_set_memory_region(). Callers can use IS_ERR_VALUE() to detect failure.

If you won't mind, I would prefer a 2nd opinion (maybe Paolo?) so we can
consolidate the idea before I change them... (I would for sure still prefer the
current approach for simplicity since after all I don't have strong opionion..)

>
> > +/**
> > + * __x86_set_memory_region: Setup KVM internal memory slot
> > + *
> > + * @kvm: the kvm pointer to the VM.
> > + * @id: the slot ID to setup.
> > + * @gpa: the GPA to install the slot (unused when @size == 0).
> > + * @size: the size of the slot. Set to zero to uninstall a slot.
> > + *
> > + * This function helps to setup a KVM internal memory slot. Specify
> > + * @size > 0 to install a new slot, while @size == 0 to uninstall a
> > + * slot. The return code can be one of the following:
> > + *
> > + * HVA: on success (uninstall will return a bogus HVA)
>
> I think it's important to call out that it returns '0' on uninstall, e.g.
> otherwise it's not clear how a caller can detect failure.

It will "return (0xdeadull << 48)" as you proposed in abbed4fa94f6? :-)

Frankly speaking I always preferred zero but that's just not true any more
after above change. This also reminded me that maybe we should also return the
same thing at [1] below.

>
> > + * -errno: on error
> > + *
> > + * The caller should always use IS_ERR() to check the return value
> > + * before use. Note, the KVM internal memory slots are guaranteed to
> > + * remain valid and unchanged until the VM is destroyed, i.e., the
> > + * GPA->HVA translation will not change. However, the HVA is a user
> > + * address, i.e. its accessibility is not guaranteed, and must be
> > + * accessed via __copy_{to,from}_user().
> > + */
> > +void __user * __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa,
> > + u32 size)
> > {
> > int i, r;
> > unsigned long hva, uninitialized_var(old_npages);
> > @@ -9800,12 +9825,12 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> >
> > /* Called with kvm->slots_lock held. */
> > if (WARN_ON(id >= KVM_MEM_SLOTS_NUM))
> > - return -EINVAL;
> > + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EINVAL);
> >
> > slot = id_to_memslot(slots, id);
> > if (size) {
> > if (slot && slot->npages)
> > - return -EEXIST;
> > + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EEXIST);
> >
> > /*
> > * MAP_SHARED to prevent internal slot pages from being moved
> > @@ -9814,10 +9839,10 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > hva = vm_mmap(NULL, 0, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> > MAP_SHARED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, 0);
> > if (IS_ERR((void *)hva))
>
> IS_ERR_VALUE() can be used to avoid the double cast.

Agreed. But it's a context cleanup, so I normally will keep it as is (or use a
standalone patch).

>
> > - return PTR_ERR((void *)hva);
> > + return (void __user *)hva;
>
> If we still want to go down the route of ERR_PTR_USR, then an ERR_CAST_USR
> seems in order.

Sure. But I'll still keep it kvm-only if you won't mind...

>
> > } else {
> > if (!slot || !slot->npages)
> > - return 0;
> > + return ERR_PTR_USR(0);

[1]

>
> "return ERR_PTR_USR(NULL)" or "return NULL" would be more intuitive. Moot
> point if the return is changed to "unsigned long".

ERR_PTR_USR() takes a "long". I can use ERR_CAST_USR(NULL) if you prefer me to
explicitly use NULL.

Thanks,

--
Peter Xu

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