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SubjectRe: [tip: objtool/core] objtool: Support multiple stack_op per instruction
On Thu, Apr 23, 2020 at 07:49:42AM -0000, tip-bot2 for Julien Thierry wrote:

> diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
> index 7ce8650..199b408 100644
> --- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
> +++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
> @@ -80,13 +80,15 @@ unsigned long arch_jump_destination(struct instruction *insn)
> int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
> unsigned long offset, unsigned int maxlen,
> unsigned int *len, enum insn_type *type,
> - unsigned long *immediate, struct stack_op *op)
> + unsigned long *immediate,
> + struct list_head *ops_list)
> {
> struct insn insn;
> int x86_64, sign;
> unsigned char op1, op2, rex = 0, rex_b = 0, rex_r = 0, rex_w = 0,
> rex_x = 0, modrm = 0, modrm_mod = 0, modrm_rm = 0,
> modrm_reg = 0, sib = 0;
> + struct stack_op *op;
>
> x86_64 = is_x86_64(elf);
> if (x86_64 == -1)
> @@ -127,6 +129,10 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
> if (insn.sib.nbytes)
> sib = insn.sib.bytes[0];
>
> + op = calloc(1, sizeof(*op));
> + if (!op)
> + return -1;
> +
> switch (op1) {
>
> case 0x1:
> @@ -488,6 +494,11 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
>
> *immediate = insn.immediate.nbytes ? insn.immediate.value : 0;
>
> + if (*type == INSN_STACK)
> + list_add_tail(&op->list, ops_list);
> + else
> + free(op);
> +
> return 0;
> }

So I was playing around with the intra-function thing, trying to address
Josh's comments from last time, but that also got me staring at this
again because it adds yet another type with a stack-op.

How do people feel about something like so?

---
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
@@ -77,6 +77,17 @@ unsigned long arch_jump_destination(stru
return insn->offset + insn->len + insn->immediate;
}

+#define PUSH_OP(op) \
+({ \
+ list_add_tail(&op->list, ops_list); \
+ NULL; \
+})
+
+#define ADD_OP(op) \
+ if (!(op = calloc(1, sizeof(*op)))) \
+ return -1; \
+ else for (; op; op = PUSH_OP(op))
+
int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
unsigned long offset, unsigned int maxlen,
unsigned int *len, enum insn_type *type,
@@ -88,7 +99,7 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
unsigned char op1, op2, rex = 0, rex_b = 0, rex_r = 0, rex_w = 0,
rex_x = 0, modrm = 0, modrm_mod = 0, modrm_rm = 0,
modrm_reg = 0, sib = 0;
- struct stack_op *op;
+ struct stack_op *op = NULL;

x86_64 = is_x86_64(elf);
if (x86_64 == -1)
@@ -129,10 +140,6 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
if (insn.sib.nbytes)
sib = insn.sib.bytes[0];

- op = calloc(1, sizeof(*op));
- if (!op)
- return -1;
-
switch (op1) {

case 0x1:
@@ -141,10 +148,12 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* add/sub reg, %rsp */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
}
break;

@@ -152,9 +161,11 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* push reg */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[op1 & 0x7][rex_b];
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[op1 & 0x7][rex_b];
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ }

break;

@@ -162,9 +173,11 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* pop reg */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[op1 & 0x7][rex_b];
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[op1 & 0x7][rex_b];
+ }

break;

@@ -172,8 +185,10 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
case 0x6a:
/* push immediate */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ }
break;

case 0x70 ... 0x7f:
@@ -188,11 +203,13 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
if (modrm == 0xe4) {
/* and imm, %rsp */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_AND;
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->src.offset = insn.immediate.value;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_AND;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->src.offset = insn.immediate.value;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
break;
}

@@ -205,11 +222,13 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* add/sub imm, %rsp */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->src.offset = insn.immediate.value * sign;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->src.offset = insn.immediate.value * sign;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
break;

case 0x89:
@@ -217,10 +236,12 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* mov %rsp, reg */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_rm][rex_b];
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_rm][rex_b];
+ }
break;
}

@@ -228,10 +249,12 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* mov reg, %rsp */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
break;
}

@@ -242,21 +265,25 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* mov reg, disp(%rbp) */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG_INDIRECT;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_BP;
- op->dest.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG_INDIRECT;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_BP;
+ op->dest.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ }

} else if (rex_w && !rex_b && modrm_rm == 4 && sib == 0x24) {

/* mov reg, disp(%rsp) */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG_INDIRECT;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->dest.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ op->src.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG_INDIRECT;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->dest.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ }
}

break;
@@ -266,22 +293,26 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* mov disp(%rbp), reg */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG_INDIRECT;
- op->src.reg = CFI_BP;
- op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG_INDIRECT;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_BP;
+ op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ }

} else if (rex_w && !rex_b && sib == 0x24 &&
modrm_mod != 3 && modrm_rm == 4) {

/* mov disp(%rsp), reg */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG_INDIRECT;
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG_INDIRECT;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
+ }
}

break;
@@ -290,27 +321,31 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
if (sib == 0x24 && rex_w && !rex_b && !rex_x) {

*type = INSN_STACK;
- if (!insn.displacement.value) {
- /* lea (%rsp), reg */
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
- } else {
- /* lea disp(%rsp), reg */
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ if (!insn.displacement.value) {
+ /* lea (%rsp), reg */
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_REG;
+ } else {
+ /* lea disp(%rsp), reg */
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ }
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];
}
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = op_to_cfi_reg[modrm_reg][rex_r];

} else if (rex == 0x48 && modrm == 0x65) {

/* lea disp(%rbp), %rsp */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = CFI_BP;
- op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_BP;
+ op->src.offset = insn.displacement.value;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }

} else if (rex == 0x49 && modrm == 0x62 &&
insn.displacement.value == -8) {
@@ -322,11 +357,13 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
* stack realignment.
*/
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = CFI_R10;
- op->src.offset = -8;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_R10;
+ op->src.offset = -8;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }

} else if (rex == 0x49 && modrm == 0x65 &&
insn.displacement.value == -16) {
@@ -338,11 +375,13 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
* stack realignment.
*/
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = CFI_R13;
- op->src.offset = -16;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_R13;
+ op->src.offset = -16;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
}

break;
@@ -350,8 +389,10 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
case 0x8f:
/* pop to mem */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ }
break;

case 0x90:
@@ -361,15 +402,19 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
case 0x9c:
/* pushf */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSHF;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSHF;
+ }
break;

case 0x9d:
/* popf */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_POPF;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_POPF;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ }
break;

case 0x0f:
@@ -405,15 +450,19 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

/* push fs/gs */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_CONST;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_PUSH;
+ }

} else if (op2 == 0xa1 || op2 == 0xa9) {

/* pop fs/gs */
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_POP;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_MEM;
+ }
}

break;
@@ -427,7 +476,8 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
* pop bp
*/
*type = INSN_STACK;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_LEAVE;
+ ADD_OP(op)
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_LEAVE;

break;

@@ -449,12 +499,14 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *
case 0xcf: /* iret */
*type = INSN_EXCEPTION_RETURN;

- /* add $40, %rsp */
- op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
- op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
- op->src.offset = 5*8;
- op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
- op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ ADD_OP(op) {
+ /* add $40, %rsp */
+ op->src.type = OP_SRC_ADD;
+ op->src.reg = CFI_SP;
+ op->src.offset = 5*8;
+ op->dest.type = OP_DEST_REG;
+ op->dest.reg = CFI_SP;
+ }
break;

case 0xca: /* retf */
@@ -504,11 +556,6 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *

*immediate = insn.immediate.nbytes ? insn.immediate.value : 0;

- if (*type == INSN_STACK || *type == INSN_EXCEPTION_RETURN)
- list_add_tail(&op->list, ops_list);
- else
- free(op);
-
return 0;
}

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