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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 03/14] KVM: X86: Don't track dirty for KVM_SET_[TSS_ADDR|IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR]
On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 02:59:49PM -0400, Peter Xu wrote:
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 1b6d9ac9533c..faa702c4d37b 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -9791,7 +9791,32 @@ void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm)
> kvm_free_pit(kvm);
> }
>
> -int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> +#define ERR_PTR_USR(e) ((void __user *)ERR_PTR(e))

Heh, my first thought when reading the below code was "cool, I didn't know
there was ERR_PTR_USR!". This probably should be in include/linux/err.h,
or maybe a new arch specific implementation if it's not universally safe.

An alternative, which looks enticing given that proper user variants will
be a bit of an explosion, would be to do:

static void *____x86_set_memory_region(...)
{
<actual function>
}

void __user *__x86_set_memory_region(...)
{
return (void __user *)____x86_set_memory_region(...);
}

A second alternative would be to return an "unsigned long", i.e. force the
one function that actually accesses the hva to do the cast. I think I like
this option the best as it would minimize the churn in
__x86_set_memory_region(). Callers can use IS_ERR_VALUE() to detect failure.

> +/**
> + * __x86_set_memory_region: Setup KVM internal memory slot
> + *
> + * @kvm: the kvm pointer to the VM.
> + * @id: the slot ID to setup.
> + * @gpa: the GPA to install the slot (unused when @size == 0).
> + * @size: the size of the slot. Set to zero to uninstall a slot.
> + *
> + * This function helps to setup a KVM internal memory slot. Specify
> + * @size > 0 to install a new slot, while @size == 0 to uninstall a
> + * slot. The return code can be one of the following:
> + *
> + * HVA: on success (uninstall will return a bogus HVA)

I think it's important to call out that it returns '0' on uninstall, e.g.
otherwise it's not clear how a caller can detect failure.

> + * -errno: on error
> + *
> + * The caller should always use IS_ERR() to check the return value
> + * before use. Note, the KVM internal memory slots are guaranteed to
> + * remain valid and unchanged until the VM is destroyed, i.e., the
> + * GPA->HVA translation will not change. However, the HVA is a user
> + * address, i.e. its accessibility is not guaranteed, and must be
> + * accessed via __copy_{to,from}_user().
> + */
> +void __user * __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa,
> + u32 size)
> {
> int i, r;
> unsigned long hva, uninitialized_var(old_npages);
> @@ -9800,12 +9825,12 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
>
> /* Called with kvm->slots_lock held. */
> if (WARN_ON(id >= KVM_MEM_SLOTS_NUM))
> - return -EINVAL;
> + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EINVAL);
>
> slot = id_to_memslot(slots, id);
> if (size) {
> if (slot && slot->npages)
> - return -EEXIST;
> + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EEXIST);
>
> /*
> * MAP_SHARED to prevent internal slot pages from being moved
> @@ -9814,10 +9839,10 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> hva = vm_mmap(NULL, 0, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> MAP_SHARED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, 0);
> if (IS_ERR((void *)hva))

IS_ERR_VALUE() can be used to avoid the double cast.

> - return PTR_ERR((void *)hva);
> + return (void __user *)hva;

If we still want to go down the route of ERR_PTR_USR, then an ERR_CAST_USR
seems in order.

> } else {
> if (!slot || !slot->npages)
> - return 0;
> + return ERR_PTR_USR(0);

"return ERR_PTR_USR(NULL)" or "return NULL" would be more intuitive. Moot
point if the return is changed to "unsigned long".

>
> /*
> * Stuff a non-canonical value to catch use-after-delete. This
> @@ -9838,13 +9863,13 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> m.memory_size = size;
> r = __kvm_set_memory_region(kvm, &m);
> if (r < 0)
> - return r;
> + return ERR_PTR_USR(r);
> }
>
> if (!size)
> vm_munmap(hva, old_npages * PAGE_SIZE);
>
> - return 0;
> + return (void __user *)hva;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__x86_set_memory_region);
>
> --
> 2.24.1
>

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