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SubjectRe: [PATCH V10 11/11] iommu/vt-d: Add custom allocator for IOASID
On Thu, 2 Apr 2020 02:18:45 +0000
"Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com> wrote:

> > From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Sent: Wednesday, April 1, 2020 11:48 PM
> >
> > On Sat, 28 Mar 2020 10:22:41 +0000
> > "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > > > From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > > > Sent: Saturday, March 21, 2020 7:28 AM
> > > >
> > > > When VT-d driver runs in the guest, PASID allocation must be
> > > > performed via virtual command interface. This patch registers a
> > > > custom IOASID allocator which takes precedence over the default
> > > > XArray based allocator. The resulting IOASID allocation will
> > > > always come from the host. This ensures that PASID namespace is
> > > > system- wide.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > > > ---
> > > > drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 84
> > > > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > include/linux/intel-iommu.h | 2 ++
> > > > 2 files changed, 86 insertions(+)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > > > b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c index a76afb0fd51a..c1c0b0fb93c3
> > > > 100644 --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > > > @@ -1757,6 +1757,9 @@ static void free_dmar_iommu(struct
> > intel_iommu
> > > > *iommu)
> > > > if (ecap_prs(iommu->ecap))
> > > > intel_svm_finish_prq(iommu);
> > > > }
> > > > + if (ecap_vcs(iommu->ecap) && vccap_pasid(iommu->vccap))
> > > > +
> > > > ioasid_unregister_allocator(&iommu->pasid_allocator); +
> > > > #endif
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > @@ -3291,6 +3294,84 @@ static int copy_translation_tables(struct
> > > > intel_iommu *iommu)
> > > > return ret;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > +#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
> > > > +static ioasid_t intel_ioasid_alloc(ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
> > > > void *data)
> > >
> > > the name is too generic... can we add vcmd in the name to clarify
> > > its purpose, e.g. intel_vcmd_ioasid_alloc?
> > >
> > I feel the intel_ prefix is a natural extension of a generic API,
> > we do that for other IOMMU APIs, right?
>
> other IOMMU APIs have no difference between host and guest, but
> this one only applies to guest with vcmd interface.
>
OK, sounds good. It is more explicit, improves readability.

> >
> > > > +{
> > > > + struct intel_iommu *iommu = data;
> > > > + ioasid_t ioasid;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (!iommu)
> > > > + return INVALID_IOASID;
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * VT-d virtual command interface always uses the full
> > > > 20 bit
> > > > + * PASID range. Host can partition guest PASID range
> > > > based on
> > > > + * policies but it is out of guest's control.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (min < PASID_MIN || max > intel_pasid_max_id)
> > > > + return INVALID_IOASID;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (vcmd_alloc_pasid(iommu, &ioasid))
> > > > + return INVALID_IOASID;
> > > > +
> > > > + return ioasid;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static void intel_ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
> > > > +{
> > > > + struct intel_iommu *iommu = data;
> > > > +
> > > > + if (!iommu)
> > > > + return;
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * Sanity check the ioasid owner is done at upper
> > > > layer, e.g. VFIO
> > > > + * We can only free the PASID when all the devices are
> > > > unbound.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (ioasid_find(NULL, ioasid, NULL)) {
> > > > + pr_alert("Cannot free active IOASID %d\n",
> > > > ioasid);
> > > > + return;
> > > > + }
> > >
> > > However the sanity check is not done in default_free. Is there a
> > > reason why using vcmd adds such new requirement?
> > >
> > Since we don't support nested guest. This vcmd allocator is only
> > used by the guest IOMMU driver not VFIO. We expect IOMMU driver to
> > have control of the free()/unbind() ordering.
> >
> > For default_free, it can come from user space and host VFIO which
> > can be out of order. But we will solve that issue with the blocking
> > notifier.
> >
> > > > + vcmd_free_pasid(iommu, ioasid);
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static void register_pasid_allocator(struct intel_iommu *iommu)
> > > > +{
> > > > + /*
> > > > + * If we are running in the host, no need for custom
> > > > allocator
> > > > + * in that PASIDs are allocated from the host
> > > > system-wide.
> > > > + */
> > > > + if (!cap_caching_mode(iommu->cap))
> > > > + return;
> > >
> > > is it more accurate to check against vcmd capability?
> > >
> > I think this is sufficient. The spec says if vcmd is present, we
> > must use it but not the other way.
>
> No, what about an vIOMMU implementation reports CM but not
> VCMD?
> I didn't get the rationale why we check an indirect capability
> when there is already one well defined for the purpose.
>
We _do_ check ecap_vcs() later on. Just an ordering thing, my thinking
was a quick check if we are running in a host.
...
if (ecap_vcs(iommu->ecap) && vccap_pasid(iommu->vccap)) {

> >
> [...]
> > >
> > > which one? the first or last?
> > >
> > All allocators share the same ops, so first=last. IOASID code will
> > inspect the ops function and see if they are shared with others then
> > use the same ops.
>
> ok, got you.
>
> >
> [...]
> > >
> > > since you register an allocator for every vIOMMU, means previously
> > > registered allocators should also be unregistered here?
> > >
> [...]
> > > > + }
> > > > + }
> > > > +}
> > > > +#endif
> > > > +
> > > > static int __init init_dmars(void)
> > > > {
> > > > struct dmar_drhd_unit *drhd;
> > > > @@ -3408,6 +3489,9 @@ static int __init init_dmars(void)
> > > > */
> > > > for_each_active_iommu(iommu, drhd) {
> > > > iommu_flush_write_buffer(iommu);
> > > > +#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
> > > > + register_pasid_allocator(iommu);
> > > > +#endif
> > > > iommu_set_root_entry(iommu);
> > > > iommu->flush.flush_context(iommu, 0, 0, 0,
> > > > DMA_CCMD_GLOBAL_INVL);
> > > > iommu->flush.flush_iotlb(iommu, 0, 0, 0,
> > > > DMA_TLB_GLOBAL_FLUSH);
> > > > diff --git a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > > > b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h index 9cbf5357138b..9c357a325c72
> > > > 100644 --- a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > > > +++ b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > > > @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
> > > > #include <linux/iommu.h>
> > > > #include <linux/io-64-nonatomic-lo-hi.h>
> > > > #include <linux/dmar.h>
> > > > +#include <linux/ioasid.h>
> > > >
> > > > #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> > > > #include <asm/iommu.h>
> > > > @@ -563,6 +564,7 @@ struct intel_iommu {
> > > > #ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
> > > > struct page_req_dsc *prq;
> > > > unsigned char prq_name[16]; /* Name for PRQ
> > > > interrupt */
> > > > + struct ioasid_allocator_ops pasid_allocator; /* Custom
> > > > allocator for PASIDs */
> > > > #endif
> > > > struct q_inval *qi; /* Queued invalidation
> > > > info */ u32 *iommu_state; /* Store iommu states between suspend
> > > > and resume.*/
> > > > --
> > > > 2.7.4
> > >
> >
> > [Jacob Pan]

[Jacob Pan]

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