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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 2/2] tty: add rpmsg driver
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Hi Mathieu,

On 4/1/20 8:06 PM, Mathieu Poirier wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 24, 2020 at 06:04:07PM +0100, Arnaud Pouliquen wrote:
>> This driver exposes a standard TTY interface on top of the rpmsg
>> framework through a rpmsg service.
>>
>> This driver supports multi-instances, offering a /dev/ttyRPMSGx entry
>> per rpmsg endpoint.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Arnaud Pouliquen <arnaud.pouliquen@st.com>
>> ---
>> Documentation/serial/tty_rpmsg.rst | 45 ++++
>> drivers/tty/Kconfig | 9 +
>> drivers/tty/Makefile | 1 +
>> drivers/tty/rpmsg_tty.c | 417 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 4 files changed, 472 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 Documentation/serial/tty_rpmsg.rst
>> create mode 100644 drivers/tty/rpmsg_tty.c
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/serial/tty_rpmsg.rst b/Documentation/serial/tty_rpmsg.rst
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..fc1d3fba73c5
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/Documentation/serial/tty_rpmsg.rst
>> @@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
>> +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +
>> +=============
>> +The rpmsg TTY
>> +=============
>> +
>> +The rpmsg tty driver implements serial communication on the RPMsg bus to makes possible for user-space programs to send and receive rpmsg messages as a standard tty protocol.
>> +
>> +The remote processor can instantiate a new tty by requesting:
>> +- a "rpmsg-tty-raw" RPMsg service, for TTY raw data support without flow control
>> +- a "rpmsg-tty-ctrl" RPMSg service, for TTY support with flow control.
>> +
>> +Information related to the RPMsg and associated tty device is available in
>> +/sys/bus/rpmsg/devices/.
>> +
>> +RPMsg TTY without control
>> +---------------------
>> +
>> +The default end point associated with the "rpmsg-tty-raw" service is directly
>> +used for data exchange. No flow control is available.
>> +
>> +To be compliant with this driver, the remote firmware must create its data end point associated with the "rpmsg-tty-raw" service.
>> +
>> +RPMsg TTY with control
>> +---------------------
>> +
>> +The default end point associated with the "rpmsg-tty-ctrl" service is reserved for
>> +the control. A second endpoint must be created for data exchange.
>> +
>> +The control channel is used to transmit to the remote processor the CTS status,
>> +as well as the end point address for data transfer.
>> +
>> +To be compatible with this driver, the remote firmware must create or use its end point associated with "rpmsg-tty-ctrl" service, plus a second endpoint for the data flow.
>> +On Linux rpmsg_tty probes, the data endpoint address and the CTS (set to disable)
>> +is sent to the remote processor.
>> +The remote processor has to respect following rules:
>> +- It only transmits data when Linux remote cts is enable, otherwise message
>> + could be lost.
>> +- It can pause/resume reception by sending a control message (rely on CTS state).
>> +
>> +Control message structure:
>> +struct rpmsg_tty_ctrl {
>> + u8 cts; /* remote reception status */
>> + u16 d_ept_addr; /* data endpoint address */
>> +};
>> diff --git a/drivers/tty/Kconfig b/drivers/tty/Kconfig
>> index a312cb33a99b..9d3ff6df9f25 100644
>> --- a/drivers/tty/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/tty/Kconfig
>> @@ -454,6 +454,15 @@ config VCC
>> help
>> Support for Sun logical domain consoles.
>>
>> +config RPMSG_TTY
>> + tristate "RPMSG tty driver"
>> + depends on RPMSG
>> + help
>> + Say y here to export rpmsg endpoints as tty devices, usually found
>> + in /dev/ttyRPMSGx.
>> + This makes it possible for user-space programs to send and receive
>> + rpmsg messages as a standard tty protocol.
>> +
>> config LDISC_AUTOLOAD
>> bool "Automatically load TTY Line Disciplines"
>> default y
>> diff --git a/drivers/tty/Makefile b/drivers/tty/Makefile
>> index 020b1cd9294f..c2465e7ebc2a 100644
>> --- a/drivers/tty/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/tty/Makefile
>> @@ -34,5 +34,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_EPAPR_HV_BYTECHAN) += ehv_bytechan.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_GOLDFISH_TTY) += goldfish.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_MIPS_EJTAG_FDC_TTY) += mips_ejtag_fdc.o
>> obj-$(CONFIG_VCC) += vcc.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_RPMSG_TTY) += rpmsg_tty.o
>>
>> obj-y += ipwireless/
>> diff --git a/drivers/tty/rpmsg_tty.c b/drivers/tty/rpmsg_tty.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..49ce3b72781a
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/tty/rpmsg_tty.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,417 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright (C) STMicroelectronics 2020 - All Rights Reserved
>> + * Authors: Arnaud Pouliquen <arnaud.pouliquen@st.com> for STMicroelectronics.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/rpmsg.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +#include <linux/tty.h>
>> +#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
>> +
>> +#define MAX_TTY_RPMSG 32
>> +
>> +#define TTY_CH_NAME_RAW "rpmsg-tty-raw"
>> +#define TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS "rpmsg-tty-ctrl"
>> +
>> +static DEFINE_IDR(tty_idr); /* tty instance id */
>> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(idr_lock); /* protects tty_idr */
>> +
>> +static struct tty_driver *rpmsg_tty_driver;
>> +
>> +struct rpmsg_tty_ctrl {
>> + u16 d_ept_addr; /* data endpoint address */
>> + u8 cts; /* remote reception status */
>> +} __packed;
>> +
>> +struct rpmsg_tty_port {
>> + struct tty_port port; /* TTY port data */
>> + int id; /* TTY rpmsg index */
>> + bool cts; /* remote reception status */
>> + struct rpmsg_device *rpdev; /* rpmsg device */
>> + struct rpmsg_endpoint *cs_ept; /* channel control endpoint */
>> + struct rpmsg_endpoint *d_ept; /* data endpoint */
>> + u32 data_dst; /* data destination endpoint address */
>> +};
>> +
>> +typedef void (*rpmsg_tty_rx_cb_t)(struct rpmsg_device *, void *, int, void *,
>> + u32);
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_cb(struct rpmsg_device *rpdev, void *data, int len,
>> + void *priv, u32 src)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = dev_get_drvdata(&rpdev->dev);
>> + int copied;
>> +
>> + if (src == cport->data_dst) {
>> + /* data message */
>> + if (!len)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + copied = tty_insert_flip_string_fixed_flag(&cport->port, data,
>> + TTY_NORMAL, len);
>> + if (copied != len)
>> + dev_dbg(&rpdev->dev, "trunc buffer: available space is %d\n",
>> + copied);
>> + tty_flip_buffer_push(&cport->port);
>> + } else {
>> + /* control message */
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_ctrl *msg = data;
>> +
>> + if (len != sizeof(*msg))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + cport->data_dst = msg->d_ept_addr;
>> +
>> + /* Update remote cts state */
>> + cport->cts = msg->cts ? 1 : 0;
>> +
>> + if (cport->cts)
>> + tty_port_tty_wakeup(&cport->port);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_send_term_ready(struct tty_struct *tty, u8 state)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = tty->driver_data;
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_ctrl m_ctrl;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + m_ctrl.cts = state;
>> + m_ctrl.d_ept_addr = cport->d_ept->addr;
>> +
>> + ret = rpmsg_trysend(cport->cs_ept, &m_ctrl, sizeof(m_ctrl));
>> + if (ret < 0)
>> + dev_dbg(tty->dev, "cannot send control (%d)\n", ret);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = tty->driver_data;
>> +
>> + /* Disable remote transmission */
>> + if (cport->cs_ept)
>> + rpmsg_tty_send_term_ready(tty, 0);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = tty->driver_data;
>> +
>> + /* Enable remote transmission */
>> + if (cport->cs_ept)
>> + rpmsg_tty_send_term_ready(tty, 1);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_install(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = idr_find(&tty_idr, tty->index);
>> +
>> + if (!cport) {
>> + dev_err(tty->dev, "cannot get cport\n");
>> + return -ENODEV;
>> + }
>> +
>> + tty->driver_data = cport;
>> +
>> + return tty_port_install(&cport->port, driver, tty);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
>> +{
>> + return tty_port_open(tty->port, tty, filp);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_close(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
>> +{
>> + return tty_port_close(tty->port, tty, filp);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_write(struct tty_struct *tty, const u8 *buf, int len)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = tty->driver_data;
>> + struct rpmsg_device *rpdev;
>> + int msg_max_size, msg_size;
>> + int ret;
>> + u8 *tmpbuf;
>> +
>> + /* If cts not set, the message is not sent*/
>> + if (!cport->cts)
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + rpdev = cport->rpdev;
>> +
>> + dev_dbg(&rpdev->dev, "%s: send msg from tty->index = %d, len = %d\n",
>> + __func__, tty->index, len);
>> +
>> + msg_max_size = rpmsg_get_mtu(rpdev->ept);
>> +
>> + msg_size = min(len, msg_max_size);
>> + tmpbuf = kzalloc(msg_size, GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!tmpbuf)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + memcpy(tmpbuf, buf, msg_size);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Try to send the message to remote processor, if failed return 0 as
>> + * no data sent
>> + */
>> + ret = rpmsg_trysendto(cport->d_ept, tmpbuf, msg_size, cport->data_dst);
>> + kfree(tmpbuf);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_dbg(&rpdev->dev, "rpmsg_send failed: %d\n", ret);
>> + return 0;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return msg_size;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = tty->driver_data;
>> +
>> + return cport->cts ? rpmsg_get_mtu(cport->rpdev->ept) : 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct tty_operations rpmsg_tty_ops = {
>> + .install = rpmsg_tty_install,
>> + .open = rpmsg_tty_open,
>> + .close = rpmsg_tty_close,
>> + .write = rpmsg_tty_write,
>> + .write_room = rpmsg_tty_write_room,
>> + .throttle = rpmsg_tty_throttle,
>> + .unthrottle = rpmsg_tty_unthrottle,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct rpmsg_tty_port *rpmsg_tty_alloc_cport(void)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport;
>> +
>> + cport = kzalloc(sizeof(*cport), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!cport)
>> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&idr_lock);
>> + cport->id = idr_alloc(&tty_idr, cport, 0, MAX_TTY_RPMSG, GFP_KERNEL);
>> + mutex_unlock(&idr_lock);
>> +
>> + if (cport->id < 0) {
>> + kfree(cport);
>> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return cport;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_release_cport(struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport)
>> +{
>> + mutex_lock(&idr_lock);
>> + idr_remove(&tty_idr, cport->id);
>> + mutex_unlock(&idr_lock);
>> +
>> + kfree(cport);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_port_activate(struct tty_port *p, struct tty_struct *tty)
>> +{
>> + p->low_latency = (p->flags & ASYNC_LOW_LATENCY) ? 1 : 0;
>> +
>> + /* Allocate the buffer we use for writing data */
>> + return tty_port_alloc_xmit_buf(p);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_port_shutdown(struct tty_port *p)
>> +{
>> + /* Free the write buffer */
>> + tty_port_free_xmit_buf(p);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_dtr_rts(struct tty_port *port, int raise)
>> +{
>> + dev_dbg(port->tty->dev, "%s: dtr_rts state %d\n", __func__, raise);
>> +
>> + if (raise)
>> + rpmsg_tty_unthrottle(port->tty);
>> + else
>> + rpmsg_tty_throttle(port->tty);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct tty_port_operations rpmsg_tty_port_ops = {
>> + .activate = rpmsg_tty_port_activate,
>> + .shutdown = rpmsg_tty_port_shutdown,
>> + .dtr_rts = rpmsg_tty_dtr_rts,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int rpmsg_tty_probe(struct rpmsg_device *rpdev)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport;
>> + struct device *dev = &rpdev->dev;
>> + struct rpmsg_channel_info chinfo;
>> + struct device *tty_dev;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + cport = rpmsg_tty_alloc_cport();
>> + if (IS_ERR(cport)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to alloc tty port\n");
>> + return PTR_ERR(cport);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (!strncmp(rpdev->id.name, TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS,
>> + sizeof(TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS))) {
>> + /*
>> + * the default endpoint is used for control. Create a second
>> + * endpoint for the data that would be exchanges trough control
>> + * endpoint. address of the data endpoint will be provided with
>> + * the cts state
>> + */
>> + cport->cs_ept = rpdev->ept;
>> + cport->data_dst = RPMSG_ADDR_ANY;
>> +
>> + strscpy(chinfo.name, TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS, sizeof(chinfo.name));
>
> Shouldn't this be TTY_CH_NAME_RAW instead of TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS?
The TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS represent here the service "TTY support with flow control"
the aim here is to define 2 endpoints on top of the service channel.
the main is used for the CTS control but also to exchange the addresses of the
second endpoint that is used for the data flow.
here if you associate the 2nd endpoint to a différent service name, you have no
correlation between the control ept and the data endpoint ( at least if you
want to support multi instance)

I can probaly implement it in a different way using your path [1]
by creating a correlation between the control and the data, based
on the naming.
something like:
- "tty-featureA" /* data stream associated to featureA"
- "tty-featureB" /* data stream associated to featureB"
- "tty-ctl-featureB" /* control associated to featureB"

That would be probably more straight forward for users...

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/2/12/1083
>
>> + chinfo.src = RPMSG_ADDR_ANY;
>> + chinfo.dst = RPMSG_ADDR_ANY;
>> +
>> + cport->d_ept = rpmsg_create_ept(rpdev, rpmsg_tty_cb, cport,
>> + chinfo);
>> + if (!cport->d_ept) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to create tty control channel\n");
>
> Here too I don't understand why we are talking about the control channel when
> the data channel is created. Am I missing something?
>
> Also I suggest function rpmsg_tty_cp() to be split, one for control and one for
> data. That will make it easier to follow who processes what.

you mean rpmsg_tty_probe? yes i will.

>
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto err_r_cport;
>> + }
>> + dev_dbg(dev, "%s: creating data endpoint with address %#x\n",
>> + __func__, cport->d_ept->addr);
>> + } else {
>> + /*
>> + * TTY over rpmsg without CTS management the default endpoint
>> + * is use for raw data transmission.
>> + */
>> + cport->cs_ept = NULL;
>> + cport->cts = 1;
>> + cport->d_ept = rpdev->ept;
>> + cport->data_dst = rpdev->dst;
>> + }
>> +
>> + tty_port_init(&cport->port);
>> + cport->port.ops = &rpmsg_tty_port_ops;
>> +
>> + tty_dev = tty_port_register_device(&cport->port, rpmsg_tty_driver,
>> + cport->id, dev);
>> + if (IS_ERR(tty_dev)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "failed to register tty port\n");
>> + ret = PTR_ERR(tty_dev);
>> + goto err_destroy;
>> + }
>> +
>> + cport->rpdev = rpdev;
>> +
>> + dev_set_drvdata(dev, cport);
>> +
>> + dev_dbg(dev, "new channel: 0x%x -> 0x%x : ttyRPMSG%d\n",
>> + rpdev->src, rpdev->dst, cport->id);
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +err_destroy:
>> + tty_port_destroy(&cport->port);
>> + if (cport->cs_ept)
>> + rpmsg_destroy_ept(cport->d_ept);
>> +err_r_cport:
>> + rpmsg_tty_release_cport(cport);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void rpmsg_tty_remove(struct rpmsg_device *rpdev)
>> +{
>> + struct rpmsg_tty_port *cport = dev_get_drvdata(&rpdev->dev);
>> +
>> + dev_dbg(&rpdev->dev, "removing rpmsg tty device %d\n", cport->id);
>> +
>> + /* User hang up to release the tty */
>> + if (tty_port_initialized(&cport->port))
>> + tty_port_tty_hangup(&cport->port, false);
>> +
>> + tty_unregister_device(rpmsg_tty_driver, cport->id);
>> +
>> + tty_port_destroy(&cport->port);
>> + if (cport->cs_ept)
>> + rpmsg_destroy_ept(cport->d_ept);
>> + rpmsg_tty_release_cport(cport);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct rpmsg_device_id rpmsg_driver_tty_id_table[] = {
>> + { .name = TTY_CH_NAME_RAW },
>> + { .name = TTY_CH_NAME_WITH_CTS},
>
> If I'm not mistaken support for more than one tty
> per remote proc can't happen because of rpmsg_find_device() in
> rpmsg_create_channel() - is this correct?

There is not bloker to instantiate the same service several times.
On remote side it is enough to create 2 endpoints with the same service
name and with the destination address set to RPMSG_ADDR_ANY. This will
trig 2 rpmsg_ns_cb, that will probe 2 times the device.

As example please have a look to the stm32MP1 sample here which creates
2 tty rpmsg channels:
https://github.com/STMicroelectronics/STM32CubeMP1/tree/master/Projects/STM32MP157C-DK2/Applications/OpenAMP/OpenAMP_TTY_echo

Thanks,
Arnaud

>
> Thanks,
> Mathieu
>
>> + { },
>> +};
>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(rpmsg, rpmsg_driver_tty_id_table);
>> +
>> +static struct rpmsg_driver rpmsg_tty_rpmsg_drv = {
>> + .drv.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
>> + .id_table = rpmsg_driver_tty_id_table,
>> + .probe = rpmsg_tty_probe,
>> + .callback = rpmsg_tty_cb,
>> + .remove = rpmsg_tty_remove,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int __init rpmsg_tty_init(void)
>> +{
>> + int err;
>> +
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver = tty_alloc_driver(MAX_TTY_RPMSG, TTY_DRIVER_REAL_RAW |
>> + TTY_DRIVER_DYNAMIC_DEV);
>> + if (IS_ERR(rpmsg_tty_driver))
>> + return PTR_ERR(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> +
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->driver_name = "rpmsg_tty";
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->name = "ttyRPMSG";
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->major = 0;
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->type = TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_CONSOLE;
>> +
>> + /* Disable unused mode by default */
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->init_termios = tty_std_termios;
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->init_termios.c_lflag &= ~(ECHO | ICANON);
>> + rpmsg_tty_driver->init_termios.c_oflag &= ~(OPOST | ONLCR);
>> +
>> + tty_set_operations(rpmsg_tty_driver, &rpmsg_tty_ops);
>> +
>> + err = tty_register_driver(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> + if (err < 0) {
>> + pr_err("Couldn't install rpmsg tty driver: err %d\n", err);
>> + goto error_put;
>> + }
>> +
>> + err = register_rpmsg_driver(&rpmsg_tty_rpmsg_drv);
>> + if (err < 0) {
>> + pr_err("Couldn't register rpmsg tty driver: err %d\n", err);
>> + goto error_unregister;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +error_unregister:
>> + tty_unregister_driver(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> +
>> +error_put:
>> + put_tty_driver(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> +
>> + return err;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __exit rpmsg_tty_exit(void)
>> +{
>> + unregister_rpmsg_driver(&rpmsg_tty_rpmsg_drv);
>> + tty_unregister_driver(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> + put_tty_driver(rpmsg_tty_driver);
>> + idr_destroy(&tty_idr);
>> +}
>> +
>> +module_init(rpmsg_tty_init);
>> +module_exit(rpmsg_tty_exit);
>> +
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Arnaud Pouliquen <arnaud.pouliquen@st.com>");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("remote processor messaging tty driver");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> --
>> 2.17.1
>>

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