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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/8] vfio: Add VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST(alloc/free)
Hi Yi,

On Sun, Mar 22, 2020 at 05:31:58AM -0700, Liu, Yi L wrote:
> From: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
>
> For a long time, devices have only one DMA address space from platform
> IOMMU's point of view. This is true for both bare metal and directed-
> access in virtualization environment. Reason is the source ID of DMA in
> PCIe are BDF (bus/dev/fnc ID), which results in only device granularity
> DMA isolation. However, this is changing with the latest advancement in
> I/O technology area. More and more platform vendors are utilizing the PCIe
> PASID TLP prefix in DMA requests, thus to give devices with multiple DMA
> address spaces as identified by their individual PASIDs. For example,
> Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA, a.k.a Shared Virtual Memory) is able to
> let device access multiple process virtual address space by binding the
> virtual address space with a PASID. Wherein the PASID is allocated in
> software and programmed to device per device specific manner. Devices
> which support PASID capability are called PASID-capable devices. If such
> devices are passed through to VMs, guest software are also able to bind
> guest process virtual address space on such devices. Therefore, the guest
> software could reuse the bare metal software programming model, which
> means guest software will also allocate PASID and program it to device
> directly. This is a dangerous situation since it has potential PASID
> conflicts and unauthorized address space access.

It's worth noting that this applies to Intel VT-d with scalable mode, not
IOMMUs that use one PASID space per VM

> It would be safer to
> let host intercept in the guest software's PASID allocation. Thus PASID
> are managed system-wide.
>
> This patch adds VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST ioctl which aims to passdown
> PASID allocation/free request from the virtual IOMMU. Additionally, such
> requests are intended to be invoked by QEMU or other applications which
> are running in userspace, it is necessary to have a mechanism to prevent
> single application from abusing available PASIDs in system. With such
> consideration, this patch tracks the VFIO PASID allocation per-VM. There
> was a discussion to make quota to be per assigned devices. e.g. if a VM
> has many assigned devices, then it should have more quota. However, it
> is not sure how many PASIDs an assigned devices will use. e.g. it is
> possible that a VM with multiples assigned devices but requests less
> PASIDs. Therefore per-VM quota would be better.
>
> This patch uses struct mm pointer as a per-VM token. We also considered
> using task structure pointer and vfio_iommu structure pointer. However,
> task structure is per-thread, which means it cannot achieve per-VM PASID
> alloc tracking purpose. While for vfio_iommu structure, it is visible
> only within vfio. Therefore, structure mm pointer is selected. This patch
> adds a structure vfio_mm. A vfio_mm is created when the first vfio
> container is opened by a VM. On the reverse order, vfio_mm is free when
> the last vfio container is released. Each VM is assigned with a PASID
> quota, so that it is not able to request PASID beyond its quota. This
> patch adds a default quota of 1000. This quota could be tuned by
> administrator. Making PASID quota tunable will be added in another patch
> in this series.
>
> Previous discussions:
> https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11209429/
>
> Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> CC: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
> Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Yi Sun <yi.y.sun@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 130 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 104 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/vfio.h | 20 +++++++
> include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 41 +++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 295 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> index c848262..d13b483 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
> #include <linux/vfio.h>
> #include <linux/wait.h>
> #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
>
> #define DRIVER_VERSION "0.3"
> #define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> @@ -46,6 +47,8 @@ static struct vfio {
> struct mutex group_lock;
> struct cdev group_cdev;
> dev_t group_devt;
> + struct list_head vfio_mm_list;
> + struct mutex vfio_mm_lock;
> wait_queue_head_t release_q;
> } vfio;
>
> @@ -2129,6 +2132,131 @@ int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev, enum vfio_notify_type type,
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unregister_notifier);
>
> /**
> + * VFIO_MM objects - create, release, get, put, search
> + * Caller of the function should have held vfio.vfio_mm_lock.
> + */
> +static struct vfio_mm *vfio_create_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
> +{
> + struct vfio_mm *vmm;
> + struct vfio_mm_token *token;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + vmm = kzalloc(sizeof(*vmm), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!vmm)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + /* Per mm IOASID set used for quota control and group operations */
> + ret = ioasid_alloc_set((struct ioasid_set *) mm,

Hmm, either we need to change the token of ioasid_alloc_set() to "void *",
or pass an actual ioasid_set struct, but this cast doesn't look good :)

As I commented on the IOASID series, I think we could embed a struct
ioasid_set into vfio_mm, pass that struct to all other ioasid_* functions,
and get rid of ioasid_sid.

> + VFIO_DEFAULT_PASID_QUOTA, &vmm->ioasid_sid);
> + if (ret) {
> + kfree(vmm);
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> + }
> +
> + kref_init(&vmm->kref);
> + token = &vmm->token;
> + token->val = mm;

Why the intermediate token struct? Could we just store the mm_struct
pointer within vfio_mm?

Thanks,
Jean

> + vmm->pasid_quota = VFIO_DEFAULT_PASID_QUOTA;
> + mutex_init(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> +
> + list_add(&vmm->vfio_next, &vfio.vfio_mm_list);
> +
> + return vmm;
> +}

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