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SubjectRe: [RFC for Linux] virtio_balloon: Add VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_THP_ORDER to handle THP spilt issue
On Thu, Apr 02, 2020 at 04:00:05PM +0800, teawater wrote:
>
>
> > 2020年3月31日 22:07,Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> 写道:
> >
> > On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 04:03:18PM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >> On 31.03.20 15:37, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> >>> On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 03:32:05PM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >>>> On 31.03.20 15:24, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> >>>>> On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 12:35:24PM +0200, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >>>>>> On 26.03.20 10:49, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> >>>>>>> On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 08:54:04AM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> Am 26.03.2020 um 08:21 schrieb Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>:
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> On Thu, Mar 12, 2020 at 09:51:25AM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>> On 12.03.20 09:47, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>> On Thu, Mar 12, 2020 at 09:37:32AM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>>> 2. You are essentially stealing THPs in the guest. So the fastest
> >>>>>>>>>>>> mapping (THP in guest and host) is gone. The guest won't be able to make
> >>>>>>>>>>>> use of THP where it previously was able to. I can imagine this implies a
> >>>>>>>>>>>> performance degradation for some workloads. This needs a proper
> >>>>>>>>>>>> performance evaluation.
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> I think the problem is more with the alloc_pages API.
> >>>>>>>>>>> That gives you exactly the given order, and if there's
> >>>>>>>>>>> a larger chunk available, it will split it up.
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> But for balloon - I suspect lots of other users,
> >>>>>>>>>>> we do not want to stress the system but if a large
> >>>>>>>>>>> chunk is available anyway, then we could handle
> >>>>>>>>>>> that more optimally by getting it all in one go.
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> So if we want to address this, IMHO this calls for a new API.
> >>>>>>>>>>> Along the lines of
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> struct page *alloc_page_range(gfp_t gfp, unsigned int min_order,
> >>>>>>>>>>> unsigned int max_order, unsigned int *order)
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> the idea would then be to return at a number of pages in the given
> >>>>>>>>>>> range.
> >>>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>>> What do you think? Want to try implementing that?
> >>>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>> You can just start with the highest order and decrement the order until
> >>>>>>>>>> your allocation succeeds using alloc_pages(), which would be enough for
> >>>>>>>>>> a first version. At least I don't see the immediate need for a new
> >>>>>>>>>> kernel API.
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> OK I remember now. The problem is with reclaim. Unless reclaim is
> >>>>>>>>> completely disabled, any of these calls can sleep. After it wakes up,
> >>>>>>>>> we would like to get the larger order that has become available
> >>>>>>>>> meanwhile.
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Yes, but that‘s a pure optimization IMHO.
> >>>>>>>> So I think we should do a trivial implementation first and then see what we gain from a new allocator API. Then we might also be able to justify it using real numbers.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Well how do you propose implement the necessary semantics?
> >>>>>>> I think we are both agreed that alloc_page_range is more or
> >>>>>>> less what's necessary anyway - so how would you approximate it
> >>>>>>> on top of existing APIs?
> >>>>>> diff --git a/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h b/include/linux/balloon_compaction.h
> >>>
> >>> .....
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>>> diff --git a/mm/balloon_compaction.c b/mm/balloon_compaction.c
> >>>>>> index 26de020aae7b..067810b32813 100644
> >>>>>> --- a/mm/balloon_compaction.c
> >>>>>> +++ b/mm/balloon_compaction.c
> >>>>>> @@ -112,23 +112,35 @@ size_t balloon_page_list_dequeue(struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info,
> >>>>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_page_list_dequeue);
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> /*
> >>>>>> - * balloon_page_alloc - allocates a new page for insertion into the balloon
> >>>>>> - * page list.
> >>>>>> + * balloon_pages_alloc - allocates a new page (of at most the given order)
> >>>>>> + * for insertion into the balloon page list.
> >>>>>> *
> >>>>>> * Driver must call this function to properly allocate a new balloon page.
> >>>>>> * Driver must call balloon_page_enqueue before definitively removing the page
> >>>>>> * from the guest system.
> >>>>>> *
> >>>>>> + * Will fall back to smaller orders if allocation fails. The order of the
> >>>>>> + * allocated page is stored in page->private.
> >>>>>> + *
> >>>>>> * Return: struct page for the allocated page or NULL on allocation failure.
> >>>>>> */
> >>>>>> -struct page *balloon_page_alloc(void)
> >>>>>> +struct page *balloon_pages_alloc(int order)
> >>>>>> {
> >>>>>> - struct page *page = alloc_page(balloon_mapping_gfp_mask() |
> >>>>>> - __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NORETRY |
> >>>>>> - __GFP_NOWARN);
> >>>>>> - return page;
> >>>>>> + struct page *page;
> >>>>>> +
> >>>>>> + while (order >= 0) {
> >>>>>> + page = alloc_pages(balloon_mapping_gfp_mask() |
> >>>>>> + __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NORETRY |
> >>>>>> + __GFP_NOWARN, order);
> >>>>>> + if (page) {
> >>>>>> + set_page_private(page, order);
> >>>>>> + return page;
> >>>>>> + }
> >>>>>> + order--;
> >>>>>> + }
> >>>>>> + return NULL;
> >>>>>> }
> >>>>>> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_page_alloc);
> >>>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_pages_alloc);
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> /*
> >>>>>> * balloon_page_enqueue - inserts a new page into the balloon page list.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> I think this will try to invoke direct reclaim from the first iteration
> >>>>> to free up the max order.
> >>>>
> >>>> %__GFP_NORETRY: The VM implementation will try only very lightweight
> >>>> memory direct reclaim to get some memory under memory pressure (thus it
> >>>> can sleep). It will avoid disruptive actions like OOM killer.
> >>>>
> >>>> Certainly good enough for a first version I would say, no?
> >>>
> >>> Frankly how well that behaves would depend a lot on the workload.
> >>> Can regress just as well.
> >>>
> >>> For the 1st version I'd prefer something that is the least disruptive,
> >>> and that IMHO means we only trigger reclaim at all in the same configuration
> >>> as now - when we can't satisfy the lowest order allocation.
> >>
> >> Agreed.
> >>
> >>>
> >>> Anything else would be a huge amount of testing with all kind of
> >>> workloads.
> >>>
> >>
> >> So doing a "& ~__GFP_RECLAIM" in case order > 0? (as done in
> >> GFP_TRANSHUGE_LIGHT)
> >
> > That will improve the situation when reclaim is not needed, but leave
> > the problem in place for when it's needed: if reclaim does trigger, we
> > can get a huge free page and immediately break it up.
> >
> > So it's ok as a first step but it will make the second step harder as
> > we'll need to test with reclaim :).
>
>
> I worry that will increases the allocation failure rate for large pages.
>
> I tried alloc 2M memory without __GFP_RECLAIM when I wrote the VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_THP_ORDER first version.
> It will fail when I use usemem punch-holes function generates 400m fragmentation pages in the guest kernel.
>
> What about add another option to balloon to control with __GFP_RECLAIM or without it?
>
> Best,
> Hui

That is why I suggested a new API so we do not fragment memory.

> >
> >
> >> --
> >> Thanks,
> >>
> >> David / dhildenb

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