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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] objtool,ftrace: Implement UNWIND_HINT_RET_OFFSET
On Wed, Apr 01, 2020 at 09:14:02AM -0500, Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 01, 2020 at 12:27:03AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 04:20:40PM -0500, Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 04:17:58PM -0500, Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > > I'm not against adding a second/separate hint for this. In fact, I
> > > > > almost considered teaching objtool how to interpret the whole IRET frame
> > > > > so that we can do it without hints. It's just that that's too much code
> > > > > for this one case.
> > > > >
> > > > > HINT_IRET_SELF ?
> > > >
> > > > Despite my earlier complaint about stack size knowledge, we could just
> > > > forget the hint and make "iretq in C code" equivalent to "reduce stack
> > > > size by arch_exception_stack_size()" and keep going. There's
> > > > file->c_file which tells you it's a C file.
> > >
> > > Or maybe "iretq in an STT_FUNC" is better since this pattern could
> > > presumably happen in a callable asm function.
> >
> > Like so then?
>
> I'd suggest a patch split like:
>
> 1) objtool: automagic IRET-in-func
> 2) objtool: add RET_OFFSET
> 3) ftrace: re-organize asm (and use RET_OFFSET hint)
> 4) objtool: remove now-unused SAVE/RESTORE

Sure.

> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/orc_types.h
> > @@ -58,8 +58,13 @@
> > #define ORC_TYPE_CALL 0
> > #define ORC_TYPE_REGS 1
> > #define ORC_TYPE_REGS_IRET 2
> > -#define UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_SAVE 3
> > -#define UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_RESTORE 4
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * RET_OFFSET: Used on instructions that terminate a function; mostly RETURN
> > + * and sibling calls. On these, sp_offset denotes the expected offset from
> > + * initial_func_cfi.
> > + */
> > +#define UNWIND_HINT_TYPE_RET_OFFSET 3
>
> I think this comment belongs at the UNWIND_HINT_RET_OFFSET macro
> definition.

Humph, ok, but there's two of those :/

> > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
> > @@ -282,7 +282,8 @@ static inline void tramp_free(void *tram
> >
> > /* Defined as markers to the end of the ftrace default trampolines */
> > extern void ftrace_regs_caller_end(void);
> > -extern void ftrace_epilogue(void);
> > +extern void ftrace_regs_caller_ret(void);
> > +extern void ftrace_caller_end(void);
> > extern void ftrace_caller_op_ptr(void);
> > extern void ftrace_regs_caller_op_ptr(void);
> >
> > @@ -334,7 +335,7 @@ create_trampoline(struct ftrace_ops *ops
> > call_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_regs_call;
> > } else {
> > start_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_caller;
> > - end_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_epilogue;
> > + end_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_caller_end;
> > op_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_caller_op_ptr;
> > call_offset = (unsigned long)ftrace_call;
> > }
> > @@ -366,6 +367,13 @@ create_trampoline(struct ftrace_ops *ops
> > if (WARN_ON(ret < 0))
> > goto fail;
> >
> > + if (ops->flags & FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS) {
> > + ip = ftrace_regs_caller_ret;
> > + ret = probe_kernel_read(ip, (void *)retq, RET_SIZE);
> > + if (WARN_ON(ret < 0))
> > + goto fail;
> > + }
> > +
>
> Hm? This function creates a trampoline but it looks like this change is
> overwriting the original ftrace_64 code itself?

Ahh. So if you look at what the trampoline copies, you'll note we'll
copy until -- but *NOT* including -- the jmp ftrace_epilogue. Instead
we'll write a RET at the end.

However, due to splitting the return path, such that each instruction
has a unique stack offset, we now have a second jmp ftrace_epilogue in
the middle of the function. That too needs to be overwritten by a RET.

> > --- a/tools/objtool/Makefile
> > +++ b/tools/objtool/Makefile
> > @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ INCLUDES := -I$(srctree)/tools/include \
> > -I$(srctree)/tools/arch/$(HOSTARCH)/include/uapi \
> > -I$(srctree)/tools/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include
> > WARNINGS := $(EXTRA_WARNINGS) -Wno-switch-default -Wno-switch-enum -Wno-packed
> > -CFLAGS := -Werror $(WARNINGS) $(KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS) -g $(INCLUDES) $(LIBELF_FLAGS)
> > +CFLAGS := -Werror $(WARNINGS) $(KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS) -ggdb3 $(INCLUDES) $(LIBELF_FLAGS)
> > LDFLAGS += $(LIBELF_LIBS) $(LIBSUBCMD) $(KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS)
>
> Why? Smells like a separate patch at least.

Oh, whoops :-) I keep doing this every time I need to run gdb on it.
I'll make it go away.

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