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SubjectRe: [PATCH] PCI: Warn about MEM resource size being too big
On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 01:36:04PM -0700, Alan Mikhak wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 1:12 PM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > On Mon, Mar 30, 2020 at 05:19:47PM -0700, Alan Mikhak wrote:
> > > Output a warning for MEM resource size with
> > > non-zero upper 32-bits.
> > >
> > > ATU programming functions limit the size of
> > > the translated region to 4GB by using a u32 size
> > > parameter. Function dw_pcie_prog_outbound_atu()
> > > does not program the upper 32-bit ATU limit
> > > register. This may result in undefined behavior
> > > for resource sizes with non-zero upper 32-bits.
> > >
> > > For example, a 128GB address space starting at
> > > physical CPU address of 0x2000000000 with size of
> > > 0x2000000000 needs the following values programmed
> > > into the lower and upper 32-bit limit registers:
> > > 0x3fffffff in the upper 32-bit limit register
> > > 0xffffffff in the lower 32-bit limit register
> > >
> > > Currently, only the lower 32-bit limit register is
> > > programmed with a value of 0xffffffff but the upper
> > > 32-bit limit register is not being programmed.
> > > As a result, the upper 32-bit limit register remains
> > > at its default value after reset of 0x0. This would
> > > be a problem for a 128GB PCIe space because in
> > > effect its size gets reduced to 4GB.
> > >
> > > ATU programming functions can be changed to
> > > specify a u64 size parameter for the translated
> > > region. Along with this change, the internal
> > > calculation of the limit address, the address of
> > > the last byte in the translated region, needs to
> > > change such that both the lower 32-bit and upper
> > > 32-bit limit registers can be programmed correctly.
> > >
> > > Changing the ATU programming functions is high
> > > impact. Without change, this issue can go
> > > unnoticed. A warning may prompt the user to
> > > look into possible issues.
> >
> > So this is basically a warning, and we could actually *fix* the
> > problem with more effort? I vote for the fix.
>
> The fix would impact all PCIe drivers that depend on dwc.

Is that another way of saying "the fix would *fix* all the drivers
that depend on dwc"?

> I would have no way of validating such a fix without
> breaking it for everyone let alone the bandwidth it needs.
> All drivers that depend on dwc seem to be currently happy
> with the u32 size limit. I suggest we add the warning but
> keep this issue in mind for a solution that allows existing
> PCe drivers to phase into the fix on their own individual
> schedules, if they need to.

Obviously it would *nice* to test all the drivers that depend on dwc,
but if you're fixing a problem, you verify the fix on your system, and
the relevant people review it, I don't think exhaustive testing is a
hard requirement, and I certainly wouldn't expect you to do it.

If we want to live with a 32-bit limit, I think we should change the
relevant interfaces to use u32 so there's not a way to venture into
this region of undefined behavior. I don't think "warning + undefined
behavior" is a very maintainable situation.

> > > This limitation also means that multiple ATUs
> > > would need to be used to map larger regions.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Alan Mikhak <alan.mikhak@sifive.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 6 +++++-
> > > 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > index 395feb8ca051..37a8c71ef89a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > > @@ -325,6 +325,7 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> > > struct pci_bus *child;
> > > struct pci_host_bridge *bridge;
> > > struct resource *cfg_res;
> > > + resource_size_t mem_size;
> > > u32 hdr_type;
> > > int ret;
> > >
> > > @@ -362,7 +363,10 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> > > case IORESOURCE_MEM:
> > > pp->mem = win->res;
> > > pp->mem->name = "MEM";
> > > - pp->mem_size = resource_size(pp->mem);
> > > + mem_size = resource_size(pp->mem);
> > > + if (upper_32_bits(mem_size))
> > > + dev_warn(dev, "MEM resource size too big\n");
> > > + pp->mem_size = mem_size;
> > > pp->mem_bus_addr = pp->mem->start - win->offset;
> > > break;
> > > case 0:
> > > --
> > > 2.7.4
> > >

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