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SubjectRe: [PATCH V10 05/11] iommu/vt-d: Add nested translation helper function
On Sun, 29 Mar 2020 13:35:15 +0200
Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com> wrote:

> Hi Jacob,
>
> On 3/21/20 12:27 AM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> > Nested translation mode is supported in VT-d 3.0 Spec.CH 3.8.
> > With PASID granular translation type set to 0x11b, translation
> > result from the first level(FL) also subject to a second level(SL)
> > page table translation. This mode is used for SVA virtualization,
> > where FL performs guest virtual to guest physical translation and
> > SL performs guest physical to host physical translation.
> >
> > This patch adds a helper function for setting up nested translation
> > where second level comes from a domain and first level comes from
> > a guest PGD.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.c | 240
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.h | 12 +++ include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > | 3 + 3 files changed, 252 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.c
> > b/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.c index 9bdb7ee228b6..10c7856afc6b
> > 100644 --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.c
> > @@ -359,6 +359,76 @@ pasid_set_flpm(struct pasid_entry *pe, u64
> > value) pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[2], GENMASK_ULL(3, 2), value << 2);
> > }
> >
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Extended Memory Type(EMT) field (Bits 91-93)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_emt(struct pasid_entry *pe, u64 value)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], GENMASK_ULL(29, 27), value <<
> > 27); +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Page Attribute Table (PAT) field (Bits 96-127)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_pat(struct pasid_entry *pe, u64 value)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], GENMASK_ULL(63, 32), value <<
> > 32); +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Cache Disable (CD) field (Bit 89)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_cd(struct pasid_entry *pe)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], 1 << 25, 1 << 25);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Extended Memory Type Enable (EMTE) field (Bit 90)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_emte(struct pasid_entry *pe)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], 1 << 26, 1 << 26);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Extended Access Flag Enable (EAFE) field (Bit 135)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_eafe(struct pasid_entry *pe)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[2], 1 << 7, 1 << 7);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Page-level Cache Disable (PCD) field (Bit 95)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_pcd(struct pasid_entry *pe)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], 1 << 31, 1 << 31);
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Setup the Page-level Write-Through (PWT)) field (Bit 94)
> > + * of a scalable mode PASID entry.
> > + */
> > +static inline void
> > +pasid_set_pwt(struct pasid_entry *pe)
> > +{
> > + pasid_set_bits(&pe->val[1], 1 << 30, 1 << 30);
> > +}
> > +
> > static void
> > pasid_cache_invalidation_with_pasid(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> > u16 did, int pasid)
> > @@ -492,7 +562,7 @@ int intel_pasid_setup_first_level(struct
> > intel_iommu *iommu,
> > pasid_set_page_snoop(pte, !!ecap_smpwc(iommu->ecap));
> > /* Setup Present and PASID Granular Transfer Type: */
> > - pasid_set_translation_type(pte, 1);
> > + pasid_set_translation_type(pte, PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_FL_ONLY);
> > pasid_set_present(pte);
> > pasid_flush_caches(iommu, pte, pasid, did);
> >
> > @@ -564,7 +634,7 @@ int intel_pasid_setup_second_level(struct
> > intel_iommu *iommu, pasid_set_domain_id(pte, did);
> > pasid_set_slptr(pte, pgd_val);
> > pasid_set_address_width(pte, agaw);
> > - pasid_set_translation_type(pte, 2);
> > + pasid_set_translation_type(pte, PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_SL_ONLY);
> > pasid_set_fault_enable(pte);
> > pasid_set_page_snoop(pte, !!ecap_smpwc(iommu->ecap));
> >
> > @@ -598,7 +668,7 @@ int intel_pasid_setup_pass_through(struct
> > intel_iommu *iommu, pasid_clear_entry(pte);
> > pasid_set_domain_id(pte, did);
> > pasid_set_address_width(pte, iommu->agaw);
> > - pasid_set_translation_type(pte, 4);
> > + pasid_set_translation_type(pte, PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_PT);
> > pasid_set_fault_enable(pte);
> > pasid_set_page_snoop(pte, !!ecap_smpwc(iommu->ecap));
>
> All above looks good to me
> >
> > @@ -612,3 +682,167 @@ int intel_pasid_setup_pass_through(struct
> > intel_iommu *iommu,
> > return 0;
> > }
> > +
> > +static int intel_pasid_setup_bind_data(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> > + struct pasid_entry *pte,
> > + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data_vtd
> > *pasid_data) +{
> > + /*
> > + * Not all guest PASID table entry fields are passed down
> > during bind,
> > + * here we only set up the ones that are dependent on
> > guest settings.
> > + * Execution related bits such as NXE, SMEP are not
> > meaningful to IOMMU,
> > + * therefore not set. Other fields, such as snoop related,
> > are set based
> > + * on host needs regardless of guest settings.
> > + */
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_SRE) {
> > + if (!ecap_srs(iommu->ecap)) {
> > + pr_err("No supervisor request support on
> > %s\n",
> > + iommu->name);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + pasid_set_sre(pte);
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_EAFE) {
> > + if (!ecap_eafs(iommu->ecap)) {
> > + pr_err("No extended access flag support on
> > %s\n",
> > + iommu->name);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + pasid_set_eafe(pte);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Memory type is only applicable to devices inside
> > processor coherent
> > + * domain. PCIe devices are not included. We can skip the
> > rest of the
> > + * flags if IOMMU does not support MTS.
> > + */
> nit:
> if (!pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_MTS_MASK)
> return 0;
>
> if (!ecap_mts(iommu->ecap) {
> pr_err("No memory type support for bind guest PASID
> on %s\n", iommu->name);
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> settings ../..
Looks better in flow. Will change to:
if (!(pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_MTS_MASK))
return 0;

if (!ecap_mts(iommu->ecap)) {
pr_err("No memory type support for bind guest PASID on %s\n", iommu->name);
return -EINVAL;
}

if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_EMTE) {
pasid_set_emte(pte);
pasid_set_emt(pte, pasid_data->emt);
}
if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_PCD)
pasid_set_pcd(pte);
if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_PWT)
pasid_set_pwt(pte);
if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_CD)
pasid_set_cd(pte);
pasid_set_pat(pte, pasid_data->pat);


> > + if (ecap_mts(iommu->ecap)) {
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_EMTE)
> > {
> > + pasid_set_emte(pte);
> > + pasid_set_emt(pte, pasid_data->emt);
> > + }
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_PCD)
> > + pasid_set_pcd(pte);
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_PWT)
> > + pasid_set_pwt(pte);
> > + if (pasid_data->flags & IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_CD)
> > + pasid_set_cd(pte);
> > + pasid_set_pat(pte, pasid_data->pat);
> > + } else if (pasid_data->flags &
> > IOMMU_SVA_VTD_GPASID_MTS_MASK) {
> > + pr_err("No memory type support for bind guest
> > PASID on %s\n",
> > + iommu->name);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +}
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * intel_pasid_setup_nested() - Set up PASID entry for nested
> > translation.
> > + * This could be used for guest shared virtual address. In this
> > case, the
> > + * first level page tables are used for GVA-GPA translation in the
> > guest,
> > + * second level page tables are used for GPA-HPA translation.
> > + *
> > + * @iommu: IOMMU which the device belong to
> > + * @dev: Device to be set up for translation
> > + * @gpgd: FLPTPTR: First Level Page translation pointer in
> > GPA
> > + * @pasid: PASID to be programmed in the device PASID table
> > + * @pasid_data: Additional PASID info from the guest bind request
> > + * @domain: Domain info for setting up second level page tables
> > + * @addr_width: Address width of the first level (guest)
> > + */
> > +int intel_pasid_setup_nested(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> > + struct device *dev, pgd_t *gpgd,
> > + int pasid, struct
> > iommu_gpasid_bind_data_vtd *pasid_data,
> > + struct dmar_domain *domain,
> > + int addr_width)
> > +{
> > + struct pasid_entry *pte;
> > + struct dma_pte *pgd;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + u64 pgd_val;
> > + int agaw;
> > + u16 did;
> > +
> > + if (!ecap_nest(iommu->ecap)) {
> > + pr_err("IOMMU: %s: No nested translation
> > support\n",
> > + iommu->name);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> I am surprised you don't check that the dmar_domain has the
> DOMAIN_FLAG_NESTED_MODE flag (ir I missed it). Don't you have any risk
> that the userspace overwrites the PTE of a device attached to an usual
> domain, ie. fulled handled by the host?
Good point, this domain attr is recently added to vt-d. So I will add
the check and move the flags to intel-iommu.h
if (!(domain->flags & DOMAIN_FLAG_NESTING_MODE)) {
pr_err("Domain is not in nesting mode, %x\n", domain->flags);
return -EINVAL;
}



> > +
> > + pte = intel_pasid_get_entry(dev, pasid);
> > + if (WARN_ON(!pte))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Caller must ensure PASID entry is not in use, i.e. not
> > bind the
> > + * same PASID to the same device twice.
> > + */
> > + if (pasid_pte_is_present(pte))
> > + return -EBUSY;
> Here you check the PTE is not valid, is it sufficient to guarantee the
> above?
The caller has already checked the condition above. Here is just
additional sanity checking.

> Also refering to the race potential issue pointed out by Kevin.
Will add spin_lock(&iommu->lock) around nested setup.


> > +
> > + pasid_clear_entry(pte);
> > +
> > + /* Sanity checking performed by caller to make sure address
> > + * width matching in two dimensions:
> > + * 1. CPU vs. IOMMU
> > + * 2. Guest vs. Host.
> > + */
> > + switch (addr_width) {
> > + case ADDR_WIDTH_5LEVEL:
> > + if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_LA57) &&
> > + cap_5lp_support(iommu->cap)) {
> > + pasid_set_flpm(pte, 1);
> > + } else {
> > + dev_err(dev, "5-level paging not
> > supported\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + case ADDR_WIDTH_4LEVEL:
> > + pasid_set_flpm(pte, 0);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + dev_err(dev, "Invalid guest address width %d\n",
> > addr_width);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* First level PGD is in GPA, must be supported by the
> > second level */
> > + if ((u64)gpgd > domain->max_addr) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Guest PGD %llx not supported, max
> > %llx\n",
> > + (u64)gpgd, domain->max_addr);
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + pasid_set_flptr(pte, (u64)gpgd);
> > +
> > + ret = intel_pasid_setup_bind_data(iommu, pte, pasid_data);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Guest PASID bind data not
> > supported\n");
> Shall we output all those traces without limit? They are triggered by
> userspace, meaning this latter can trigger a storm of those.
Good point, will change all guest invoked calls to _ratelimited version.

Thanks!

> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Setup the second level based on the given domain */
> > + pgd = domain->pgd;
> > +
> > + agaw = iommu_skip_agaw(domain, iommu, &pgd);
> > + if (agaw < 0) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "Invalid domain page table\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + pgd_val = virt_to_phys(pgd);
> > + pasid_set_slptr(pte, pgd_val);
> > + pasid_set_fault_enable(pte);
> > +
> > + did = domain->iommu_did[iommu->seq_id];
> > + pasid_set_domain_id(pte, did);
> > +
> > + pasid_set_address_width(pte, agaw);
> > + pasid_set_page_snoop(pte, !!ecap_smpwc(iommu->ecap));
> > +
> > + pasid_set_translation_type(pte, PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_NESTED);
> > + pasid_set_present(pte);
> > + pasid_flush_caches(iommu, pte, pasid, did);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.h
> > b/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.h index 92de6df24ccb..698015ee3f04
> > 100644 --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.h
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-pasid.h
> > @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
> > * to vmalloc or even module mappings.
> > */
> > #define PASID_FLAG_SUPERVISOR_MODE BIT(0)
> > +#define PASID_FLAG_NESTED BIT(1)
> >
> > /*
> > * The PASID_FLAG_FL5LP flag Indicates using 5-level paging for
> > first- @@ -51,6 +52,11 @@ struct pasid_entry {
> > u64 val[8];
> > };
> >
> > +#define PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_FL_ONLY (1)
> > +#define PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_SL_ONLY (2)
> > +#define PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_NESTED (3)
> > +#define PASID_ENTRY_PGTT_PT (4)
> > +
> > /* The representative of a PASID table */
> > struct pasid_table {
> > void *table; /*
> > pasid table pointer */ @@ -99,6 +105,12 @@ int
> > intel_pasid_setup_second_level(struct intel_iommu *iommu, int
> > intel_pasid_setup_pass_through(struct intel_iommu *iommu, struct
> > dmar_domain *domain, struct device *dev, int pasid);
> > +int intel_pasid_setup_nested(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> > + struct device *dev, pgd_t *pgd,
> > + int pasid,
> > + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data_vtd
> > *pasid_data,
> > + struct dmar_domain *domain,
> > + int addr_width);
> > void intel_pasid_tear_down_entry(struct intel_iommu *iommu,
> > struct device *dev, int pasid);
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h index ed7171d2ae1f..eda1d6687144
> > 100644 --- a/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/intel-iommu.h
> > @@ -42,6 +42,9 @@
> > #define DMA_FL_PTE_PRESENT BIT_ULL(0)
> > #define DMA_FL_PTE_XD BIT_ULL(63)
> >
> > +#define ADDR_WIDTH_5LEVEL (57)
> > +#define ADDR_WIDTH_4LEVEL (48)
> > +
> > #define CONTEXT_TT_MULTI_LEVEL 0
> > #define CONTEXT_TT_DEV_IOTLB 1
> > #define CONTEXT_TT_PASS_THROUGH 2
> >
> Thanks
>
> Eric
>

[Jacob Pan]

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