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SubjectRe: [PATCH] UML: add support for KASAN under x86_64
On Tue, Feb 25, 2020 at 4:46 PM Patricia Alfonso
<trishalfonso@google.com> wrote:
>
> Make KASAN run on User Mode Linux on x86_64.
>
> Depends on Constructor support in UML - "[RFC PATCH] um:
> implement CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS for modules"
> (https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1234551/) by Johannes Berg.
>
> The location of the KASAN shadow memory, starting at
> KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET, can be configured using the
> KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET option. UML uses roughly 18TB of address
> space, and KASAN requires 1/8th of this. The default location of
> this offset is 0x7fff8000 as suggested by Dmitry Vyukov. There is
> usually enough free space at this location; however, it is a config
> option so that it can be easily changed if needed.
>
> The UML-specific KASAN initializer uses mmap to map
> the roughly 2.25TB of shadow memory to the location defined by
> KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET. kasan_init() utilizes constructors to initialize
> KASAN before main().
>
> Disable stack instrumentation on UML via KASAN_STACK config option to
> avoid false positive KASAN reports.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patricia Alfonso <trishalfonso@google.com>
> ---

Hi all, I just want to bump this so we can get all the comments while
this is still fresh in everyone's minds. I would love if some UML
maintainers could give their thoughts!

Thanks,
Patricia

> arch/um/Kconfig | 13 +++++++++++++
> arch/um/Makefile | 6 ++++++
> arch/um/include/asm/common.lds.S | 1 +
> arch/um/include/asm/kasan.h | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/um/kernel/dyn.lds.S | 5 ++++-
> arch/um/kernel/mem.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
> arch/um/os-Linux/mem.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/um/os-Linux/user_syms.c | 4 ++--
> arch/x86/um/Makefile | 3 ++-
> arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile | 3 +++
> lib/Kconfig.kasan | 2 +-
> 11 files changed, 104 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/um/include/asm/kasan.h
>
> diff --git a/arch/um/Kconfig b/arch/um/Kconfig
> index 0917f8443c28..fb2ad1fb05fd 100644
> --- a/arch/um/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/um/Kconfig
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ config UML
> select ARCH_HAS_KCOV
> select ARCH_NO_PREEMPT
> select HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL
> + select HAVE_ARCH_KASAN if X86_64
> select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
> select HAVE_ASM_MODVERSIONS
> select HAVE_UID16
> @@ -200,6 +201,18 @@ config UML_TIME_TRAVEL_SUPPORT
>
> It is safe to say Y, but you probably don't need this.
>
> +config KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET
> + hex
> + depends on KASAN
> + default 0x7fff8000
> + help
> + This is the offset at which the ~2.25TB of shadow memory is
> + mapped and used by KASAN for memory debugging. This can be any
> + address that has at least KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE(total address space divided
> + by 8) amount of space so that the KASAN shadow memory does not conflict
> + with anything. The default is 0x7fff8000, as it fits into immediate of
> + most instructions.
> +
> endmenu
>
> source "arch/um/drivers/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/arch/um/Makefile b/arch/um/Makefile
> index d2daa206872d..28fe7a9a1858 100644
> --- a/arch/um/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/um/Makefile
> @@ -75,6 +75,12 @@ USER_CFLAGS = $(patsubst $(KERNEL_DEFINES),,$(patsubst -I%,,$(KBUILD_CFLAGS))) \
> -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -idirafter $(srctree)/include \
> -idirafter $(objtree)/include -D__KERNEL__ -D__UM_HOST__
>
> +# Kernel config options are not included in USER_CFLAGS, but the option for KASAN
> +# should be included if the KASAN config option was set.
> +ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> + USER_CFLAGS+=-DCONFIG_KASAN=y
> +endif
> +
> #This will adjust *FLAGS accordingly to the platform.
> include $(ARCH_DIR)/Makefile-os-$(OS)
>
> diff --git a/arch/um/include/asm/common.lds.S b/arch/um/include/asm/common.lds.S
> index eca6c452a41b..731f8c8422a2 100644
> --- a/arch/um/include/asm/common.lds.S
> +++ b/arch/um/include/asm/common.lds.S
> @@ -83,6 +83,7 @@
> }
> .init_array : {
> __init_array_start = .;
> + *(.kasan_init)
> *(.init_array)
> __init_array_end = .;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/um/include/asm/kasan.h b/arch/um/include/asm/kasan.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..2b81e7bcd4af
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/um/include/asm/kasan.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +#ifndef __ASM_UM_KASAN_H
> +#define __ASM_UM_KASAN_H
> +
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/const.h>
> +
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET _AC(CONFIG_KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET, UL)
> +
> +/* used in kasan_mem_to_shadow to divide by 8 */
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT 3
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> +#define KASAN_HOST_USER_SPACE_END_ADDR 0x00007fffffffffffUL
> +/* KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE is the size of total address space divided by 8 */
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE ((KASAN_HOST_USER_SPACE_END_ADDR + 1) >> \
> + KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT)
> +#else
> +#error "KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE is not defined for this sub-architecture"
> +#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
> +
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_START (KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET)
> +#define KASAN_SHADOW_END (KASAN_SHADOW_START + KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE)
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> +void kasan_init(void);
> +void kasan_map_memory(void *start, unsigned long len);
> +#else
> +static inline void kasan_init(void) { }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KASAN */
> +
> +#endif /* __ASM_UM_KASAN_H */
> diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/dyn.lds.S b/arch/um/kernel/dyn.lds.S
> index f5001481010c..d91bdb2c3143 100644
> --- a/arch/um/kernel/dyn.lds.S
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/dyn.lds.S
> @@ -103,7 +103,10 @@ SECTIONS
> be empty, which isn't pretty. */
> . = ALIGN(32 / 8);
> .preinit_array : { *(.preinit_array) }
> - .init_array : { *(.init_array) }
> + .init_array : {
> + *(.kasan_init)
> + *(.init_array)
> + }
> .fini_array : { *(.fini_array) }
> .data : {
> INIT_TASK_DATA(KERNEL_STACK_SIZE)
> diff --git a/arch/um/kernel/mem.c b/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
> index 30885d0b94ac..7b0d028aa079 100644
> --- a/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/mem.c
> @@ -18,6 +18,24 @@
> #include <kern_util.h>
> #include <mem_user.h>
> #include <os.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/task.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
> +void kasan_init(void)
> +{
> + /*
> + * kasan_map_memory will map all of the required address space and
> + * the host machine will allocate physical memory as necessary.
> + */
> + kasan_map_memory((void *)KASAN_SHADOW_START, KASAN_SHADOW_SIZE);
> + init_task.kasan_depth = 0;
> + os_info("KernelAddressSanitizer initialized\n");
> +}
> +
> +static void (*kasan_init_ptr)(void)
> +__section(.kasan_init) __used
> += kasan_init;
> +#endif
>
> /* allocated in paging_init, zeroed in mem_init, and unchanged thereafter */
> unsigned long *empty_zero_page = NULL;
> diff --git a/arch/um/os-Linux/mem.c b/arch/um/os-Linux/mem.c
> index 3c1b77474d2d..8530b2e08604 100644
> --- a/arch/um/os-Linux/mem.c
> +++ b/arch/um/os-Linux/mem.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,28 @@
> #include <init.h>
> #include <os.h>
>
> +/*
> + * kasan_map_memory - maps memory from @start with a size of @len.
> + * The allocated memory is filled with zeroes upon success.
> + * @start: the start address of the memory to be mapped
> + * @len: the length of the memory to be mapped
> + *
> + * This function is used to map shadow memory for KASAN in uml
> + */
> +void kasan_map_memory(void *start, size_t len)
> +{
> + if (mmap(start,
> + len,
> + PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
> + MAP_FIXED|MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_NORESERVE,
> + -1,
> + 0) == MAP_FAILED) {
> + os_info("Couldn't allocate shadow memory: %s\n.",
> + strerror(errno));
> + exit(1);
> + }
> +}
> +
> /* Set by make_tempfile() during early boot. */
> static char *tempdir = NULL;
>
> diff --git a/arch/um/os-Linux/user_syms.c b/arch/um/os-Linux/user_syms.c
> index 715594fe5719..cb667c9225ab 100644
> --- a/arch/um/os-Linux/user_syms.c
> +++ b/arch/um/os-Linux/user_syms.c
> @@ -27,10 +27,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(strstr);
> #ifndef __x86_64__
> extern void *memcpy(void *, const void *, size_t);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(memcpy);
> -#endif
> -
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(memmove);
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(memset);
> +#endif
> +
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(printf);
>
> /* Here, instead, I can provide a fake prototype. Yes, someone cares: genksyms.
> diff --git a/arch/x86/um/Makefile b/arch/x86/um/Makefile
> index 33c51c064c77..7dbd76c546fe 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/um/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/um/Makefile
> @@ -26,7 +26,8 @@ else
>
> obj-y += syscalls_64.o vdso/
>
> -subarch-y = ../lib/csum-partial_64.o ../lib/memcpy_64.o ../entry/thunk_64.o
> +subarch-y = ../lib/csum-partial_64.o ../lib/memcpy_64.o ../entry/thunk_64.o \
> + ../lib/memmove_64.o ../lib/memset_64.o
>
> endif
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
> index 0caddd6acb22..450efa0fb694 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
> @@ -3,6 +3,9 @@
> # Building vDSO images for x86.
> #
>
> +# do not instrument on vdso because KASAN is not compatible with user mode
> +KASAN_SANITIZE := n
> +
> # Prevents link failures: __sanitizer_cov_trace_pc() is not linked in.
> KCOV_INSTRUMENT := n
>
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kasan b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
> index 81f5464ea9e1..5b54f3c9a741 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.kasan
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.kasan
> @@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ config KASAN_STACK_ENABLE
>
> config KASAN_STACK
> int
> - default 1 if KASAN_STACK_ENABLE || CC_IS_GCC
> + default 1 if (KASAN_STACK_ENABLE || CC_IS_GCC) && !UML
> default 0
>
> config KASAN_S390_4_LEVEL_PAGING
> --
> 2.25.0.265.gbab2e86ba0-goog
>

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