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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 3/5] stack: Optionally randomize kernel stack offset each syscall
On Mon, Mar 30, 2020 at 12:25:36PM +0100, Mark Rutland wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 24, 2020 at 01:32:29PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> > +/*
> > + * Do not use this anywhere else in the kernel. This is used here because
> > + * it provides an arch-agnostic way to grow the stack with correct
> > + * alignment. Also, since this use is being explicitly masked to a max of
> > + * 10 bits, stack-clash style attacks are unlikely. For more details see
> > + * "VLAs" in Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
> > + */
> > +void *__builtin_alloca(size_t size);
> > +
> > +#define add_random_kstack_offset() do { \
> > + if (static_branch_maybe(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_KSTACK_OFFSET_DEFAULT, \
> > + &randomize_kstack_offset)) { \
> > + u32 offset = this_cpu_read(kstack_offset); \
> > + char *ptr = __builtin_alloca(offset & 0x3FF); \
> > + asm volatile("" : "=m"(*ptr)); \
>
> Is this asm() a homebrew OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR(*ptr)? If the asm
> constraints generate metter code, could we add those as alternative
> constraints in OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR() ?

Er, no, sorry, not the same. I disassembled the wrong binary. :)

With asm volatile("" : "=m"(*ptr))

ffffffff810038bc: 48 8d 44 24 0f lea 0xf(%rsp),%rax
ffffffff810038c1: 48 83 e0 f0 and $0xfffffffffffffff0,%rax


With __asm__ ("" : "=r" (var) : "0" (var))

ffffffff810038bc: 48 8d 54 24 0f lea 0xf(%rsp),%rdx
ffffffff810038c1: 48 83 e2 f0 and $0xfffffffffffffff0,%rdx
ffffffff810038c5: 0f b6 02 movzbl (%rdx),%eax
ffffffff810038c8: 88 02 mov %al,(%rdx)


It looks like OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR() is basically just:

var = var;

In the former case, we avoid the write and retain the allocation. So I
think don't think OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR() should be used here, nor should
OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR() be changed to remove the "0" (var) bit.

--
Kees Cook

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