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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm, memcg: Do not high throttle allocators based on wraparound
Chris Down writes:
>Michal Hocko writes:
>>I find this paragraph rather confusing. This is essentially an unsigned
>>underflow when any of the memcg up the hierarchy is below the high
>>limit, right? There doesn't really seem anything complex in such a
>>hierarchy.
>
>The conditions to trigger the bug itself are easy, but having it
>obviously visible in tests requires a moderately complex hierarchy,
>since in the basic case ancestor_usage is "similar enough" to the test
>leaf cgroup's usage.

Here is another reason why this wasn't caught -- division usually renders the
overage 0 anyway with such a large input.

With the attached patch applied before this fix, you can see that usually
division results in an overage of 0, so the result is the same. Here's an
example where pid 213 is a cgroup in system.slice/foo.service hitting its own
memory.high, and system.slice has no memory.high configuresd:

[root@ktst ~]# cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace
# tracer: nop
#
# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 33/33 #P:4
#
# _-----=> irqs-off
# / _----=> need-resched
# | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
# || / _--=> preempt-depth
# ||| / delay
# TASK-PID CPU# |||| TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
# | | | |||| | |
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873988: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: usage: 32, high: 1
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873993: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 1 overage before shifting (31)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873994: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 1 overage after shifting (32505856)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873995: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 1 overage after div (32505856)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873996: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 1 cgroup new overage (32505856)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873998: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: usage: 18641, high: 2251799813685247
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873998: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 2 overage before shifting (18444492273895885010)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.873999: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 2 overage after shifting (19547553792)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.874000: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 2 overage after div (0)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.874001: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: 2 cgroup too low (0)
(bash)-213 [002] .N.. 58.874002: mem_cgroup_handle_over_high: Used 1 from leaf to get result
From df96928bc8d482d8b26c277c4ca0b075783c7aed Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Chris Down <chris@chrisdown.name>
Date: Tue, 31 Mar 2020 19:16:23 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] temp

---
mm/memcontrol.c | 16 +++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index eecf003b0c56..c33e317c3667 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -2328,11 +2328,14 @@ static unsigned long calculate_high_delay(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
{
unsigned long penalty_jiffies;
u64 max_overage = 0;
+ int i = 0, i_overage = 0;

do {
unsigned long usage, high;
u64 overage;

+ i++;
+
usage = page_counter_read(&memcg->memory);
high = READ_ONCE(memcg->high);

@@ -2342,18 +2345,29 @@ static unsigned long calculate_high_delay(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
*/
high = max(high, 1UL);

+ trace_printk("usage: %lu, high: %lu\n", usage, high);
overage = usage - high;
+ trace_printk("%d overage before shifting (%llu)\n", i, overage);
overage <<= MEMCG_DELAY_PRECISION_SHIFT;
+ trace_printk("%d overage after shifting (%llu)\n", i, overage);
overage = div64_u64(overage, high);
+ trace_printk("%d overage after div (%llu)\n", i, overage);

- if (overage > max_overage)
+ if (overage > max_overage) {
+ trace_printk("%d cgroup new overage (%llu)\n", i, overage);
+ i_overage = i;
max_overage = overage;
+ } else {
+ trace_printk("%d cgroup too low (%llu)\n", i, overage);
+ }
} while ((memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg)) &&
!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg));

if (!max_overage)
return 0;

+ trace_printk("Used %d from leaf to get result\n", i_overage);
+
/*
* We use overage compared to memory.high to calculate the number of
* jiffies to sleep (penalty_jiffies). Ideally this value should be
--
2.26.0
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