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SubjectRe: [PATCH V10 08/11] iommu/vt-d: Add svm/sva invalidate function
On Sat, 28 Mar 2020 10:01:42 +0000
"Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com> wrote:

> > From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Sent: Saturday, March 21, 2020 7:28 AM
> >
> > When Shared Virtual Address (SVA) is enabled for a guest OS via
> > vIOMMU, we need to provide invalidation support at IOMMU API and
> > driver level. This patch adds Intel VT-d specific function to
> > implement iommu passdown invalidate API for shared virtual address.
> >
> > The use case is for supporting caching structure invalidation
> > of assigned SVM capable devices. Emulated IOMMU exposes queue
>
> emulated IOMMU -> vIOMMU, since virito-iommu could use the
> interface as well.
>
True, but it does not invalidate this statement about emulated IOMMU. I
will add another statement saying "the same interface can be used for
virtio-IOMMU as well". OK?

> > invalidation capability and passes down all descriptors from the
> > guest to the physical IOMMU.
> >
> > The assumption is that guest to host device ID mapping should be
> > resolved prior to calling IOMMU driver. Based on the device handle,
> > host IOMMU driver can replace certain fields before submit to the
> > invalidation queue.
> >
> > ---
> > v7 review fixed in v10
> > ---
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 182
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 1 file changed, 182 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c index b1477cd423dd..a76afb0fd51a
> > 100644 --- a/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c
> > @@ -5619,6 +5619,187 @@ static void
> > intel_iommu_aux_detach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > aux_domain_remove_dev(to_dmar_domain(domain), dev);
> > }
> >
> > +/*
> > + * 2D array for converting and sanitizing IOMMU generic TLB
> > granularity to
> > + * VT-d granularity. Invalidation is typically included in the
> > unmap operation
> > + * as a result of DMA or VFIO unmap. However, for assigned devices
> > guest
> > + * owns the first level page tables. Invalidations of translation
> > caches in the
> > + * guest are trapped and passed down to the host.
> > + *
> > + * vIOMMU in the guest will only expose first level page tables,
> > therefore
> > + * we do not include IOTLB granularity for request without PASID
> > (second level).
>
> I would revise above as "We do not support IOTLB granularity for
> request without PASID (second level), therefore any vIOMMU
> implementation that exposes the SVA capability to the guest should
> only expose the first level page tables, implying all invalidation
> requests from the guest will include a valid PASID"
>
Sounds good.

> > + *
> > + * For example, to find the VT-d granularity encoding for IOTLB
> > + * type and page selective granularity within PASID:
> > + * X: indexed by iommu cache type
> > + * Y: indexed by enum iommu_inv_granularity
> > + * [IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_IOTLB][IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR]
> > + *
> > + * Granu_map array indicates validity of the table. 1: valid, 0:
> > invalid
> > + *
> > + */
> > +const static int
> > inv_type_granu_map[IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_NR][IOMMU_INV_GRANU_
> > NR] = {
> > + /*
> > + * PASID based IOTLB invalidation: PASID selective (per
> > PASID),
> > + * page selective (address granularity)
> > + */
> > + {0, 1, 1},
> > + /* PASID based dev TLBs, only support all PASIDs or single
> > PASID */
> > + {1, 1, 0},
>
> Is this combination correct? when single PASID is being specified, it
> is essentially a page-selective invalidation since you need provide
> Address and Size.
>
This is for translation between generic UAPI granu to VT-d granu, it
has nothing to do with address and size.
e.g.
If user passes IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID for the single PASID case as you
mentioned, this map table shows it is valid.

Then the lookup result will get VT-d granu:
QI_DEV_IOTLB_GRAN_PASID_SEL, which means G=0.


> > + /* PASID cache */
>
> PASID cache is fully managed by the host. Guest PASID cache
> invalidation is interpreted by vIOMMU for bind and unbind operations.
> I don't think we should accept any PASID cache invalidation from
> userspace or guest.
>

True for vIOMMU, this is here for completeness. Can be used by virtio
IOMMU, since PC flush is inclusive (IOTLB, devTLB), it is more
efficient.

> > + {1, 1, 0}
> > +};
> > +
> > +const static int
> > inv_type_granu_table[IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_NR][IOMMU_INV_GRANU
> > _NR] = {
> > + /* PASID based IOTLB */
> > + {0, QI_GRAN_NONG_PASID, QI_GRAN_PSI_PASID},
> > + /* PASID based dev TLBs */
> > + {QI_DEV_IOTLB_GRAN_ALL, QI_DEV_IOTLB_GRAN_PASID_SEL, 0},
> > + /* PASID cache */
> > + {QI_PC_ALL_PASIDS, QI_PC_PASID_SEL, 0},
> > +};
> > +
> > +static inline int to_vtd_granularity(int type, int granu, int
> > *vtd_granu) +{
> > + if (type >= IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_NR || granu >=
> > IOMMU_INV_GRANU_NR ||
> > + !inv_type_granu_map[type][granu])
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + *vtd_granu = inv_type_granu_table[type][granu];
> > +
> btw do we really need both map and table here? Can't we just
> use one table with unsupported granularity marked as a special
> value?
>
Yes, for value = 1. e.g. G=0 but still valid.

> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline u64 to_vtd_size(u64 granu_size, u64 nr_granules)
> > +{
> > + u64 nr_pages = (granu_size * nr_granules) >>
> > VTD_PAGE_SHIFT; +
> > + /* VT-d size is encoded as 2^size of 4K pages, 0 for 4k, 9
> > for 2MB, etc.
> > + * IOMMU cache invalidate API passes granu_size in bytes,
> > and number of
> > + * granu size in contiguous memory.
> > + */
> > + return order_base_2(nr_pages);
> > +}
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
> > +static int intel_iommu_sva_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > + struct device *dev, struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info *inv_info)
> > +{
> > + struct dmar_domain *dmar_domain = to_dmar_domain(domain);
> > + struct device_domain_info *info;
> > + struct intel_iommu *iommu;
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + int cache_type;
> > + u8 bus, devfn;
> > + u16 did, sid;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > + u64 size = 0;
> > +
> > + if (!inv_info || !dmar_domain ||
> > + inv_info->version !=
> > IOMMU_CACHE_INVALIDATE_INFO_VERSION_1)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (!dev || !dev_is_pci(dev))
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > +
> > + iommu = device_to_iommu(dev, &bus, &devfn);
> > + if (!iommu)
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&device_domain_lock, flags);
> > + spin_lock(&iommu->lock);
> > + info = iommu_support_dev_iotlb(dmar_domain, iommu, bus,
> > devfn);
> > + if (!info) {
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + goto out_unlock;
>
> -ENOTSUPP?
>
I guess it can go either way in that the error is based on invalid
inputs.

> > + }
> > + did = dmar_domain->iommu_did[iommu->seq_id];
> > + sid = PCI_DEVID(bus, devfn);
> > +
> > + /* Size is only valid in non-PASID selective invalidation
> > */
> > + if (inv_info->granularity != IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID)
> > + size =
> > to_vtd_size(inv_info->addr_info.granule_size,
> > +
> > inv_info->addr_info.nb_granules); +
> > + for_each_set_bit(cache_type, (unsigned long
> > *)&inv_info->cache, IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_NR) {
> > + int granu = 0;
> > + u64 pasid = 0;
> > +
> > + ret = to_vtd_granularity(cache_type,
> > inv_info->granularity, &granu);
> > + if (ret) {
> > + pr_err("Invalid cache type and granu
> > combination %d/%d\n", cache_type,
> > + inv_info->granularity);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* PASID is stored in different locations based on
> > granularity */
> > + if (inv_info->granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID
> > &&
> > + inv_info->pasid_info.flags &
> > IOMMU_INV_PASID_FLAGS_PASID)
> > + pasid = inv_info->pasid_info.pasid;
> > + else if (inv_info->granularity ==
> > IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR &&
> > + inv_info->addr_info.flags &
> > IOMMU_INV_ADDR_FLAGS_PASID)
> > + pasid = inv_info->addr_info.pasid;
> > + else {
> > + pr_err("Cannot find PASID for given cache
> > type and granularity\n");
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + switch (BIT(cache_type)) {
> > + case IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_IOTLB:
> > + if ((inv_info->granularity !=
> > IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID) &&
>
> granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR? otherwise it's unclear
> why IOMMU_INV_GRANU_DOMAIN also needs size check.
>
Good point! will fix.

> > + size && (inv_info->addr_info.addr &
> > ((BIT(VTD_PAGE_SHIFT + size)) - 1))) {
> > + pr_err("Address out of range,
> > 0x%llx, size order %llu\n",
> > + inv_info->addr_info.addr,
> > size);
> > + ret = -ERANGE;
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
> > +
> > + qi_flush_piotlb(iommu, did,
> > + pasid,
> > + mm_to_dma_pfn(inv_info-
> > >addr_info.addr),
> > + (granu ==
> > QI_GRAN_NONG_PASID) ? - 1 : 1 << size,
> > + inv_info->addr_info.flags &
> > IOMMU_INV_ADDR_FLAGS_LEAF);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Always flush device IOTLB if ATS is
> > enabled since guest
> > + * vIOMMU exposes CM = 1, no device IOTLB
> > flush will be passed
> > + * down.
> > + */
>
> Does VT-d spec mention that no device IOTLB flush is required when
> CM=1?
>
Not explicitly. Just following the guideline in CH6.1 for efficient
virtualization. Early on, we also had discussion on supporting virtio
where IOTLB flush is inclusive.
Let me rephrase the comment:
/*
* Always flush device IOTLB if ATS is enabled. vIOMMU
* in the guest may assume IOTLB flush is inclusive,
* which is more efficient.
*/

> > + if (info->ats_enabled) {
> > + qi_flush_dev_iotlb_pasid(iommu,
> > sid, info-
> > >pfsid,
> > + pasid,
> > info->ats_qdep,
> > +
> > inv_info->addr_info.addr, size,
> > + granu);
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + case IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_DEV_IOTLB:
> > + if (info->ats_enabled) {
> > + qi_flush_dev_iotlb_pasid(iommu,
> > sid, info-
> > >pfsid,
> > +
> > inv_info->addr_info.pasid, info->ats_qdep,
> > +
> > inv_info->addr_info.addr, size,
> > + granu);
>
> I'm confused here. There are two granularities allowed for devtlb,
> but here you only handle one of them?
>
granu is passed into the flush function, which can be 1 or 0.

> > + } else
> > + pr_warn("Passdown device IOTLB
> > flush w/o ATS!\n");
> > +
> > + break;
> > + case IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_PASID:
> > + qi_flush_pasid_cache(iommu, did, granu,
> > inv_info-
> > >pasid_info.pasid);
> > +
>
> as earlier comment, we shouldn't allow userspace or guest to
> invalidate PASID cache
>
same explanation :)

> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + dev_err(dev, "Unsupported IOMMU
> > invalidation type %d\n",
> > + cache_type);
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +out_unlock:
> > + spin_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&device_domain_lock, flags);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > static int intel_iommu_map(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > unsigned long iova, phys_addr_t hpa,
> > size_t size, int iommu_prot, gfp_t gfp)
> > @@ -6204,6 +6385,7 @@ const struct iommu_ops intel_iommu_ops = {
> > .is_attach_deferred =
> > intel_iommu_is_attach_deferred, .pgsize_bitmap =
> > INTEL_IOMMU_PGSIZES, #ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_IOMMU_SVM
> > + .cache_invalidate = intel_iommu_sva_invalidate,
> > .sva_bind_gpasid = intel_svm_bind_gpasid,
> > .sva_unbind_gpasid = intel_svm_unbind_gpasid,
> > #endif
> > --
> > 2.7.4
>

[Jacob Pan]

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