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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 0/5] mm: Enable CONFIG_NODES_SPAN_OTHER_NODES by default for NUMA
On Mon 30-03-20 20:51:00, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 30, 2020 at 09:42:46AM +0200, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Sat 28-03-20 11:31:17, Hoan Tran wrote:
> > > In NUMA layout which nodes have memory ranges that span across other nodes,
> > > the mm driver can detect the memory node id incorrectly.
> > >
> > > For example, with layout below
> > > Node 0 address: 0000 xxxx 0000 xxxx
> > > Node 1 address: xxxx 1111 xxxx 1111
> > >
> > > Note:
> > > - Memory from low to high
> > > - 0/1: Node id
> > > - x: Invalid memory of a node
> > >
> > > When mm probes the memory map, without CONFIG_NODES_SPAN_OTHER_NODES
> > > config, mm only checks the memory validity but not the node id.
> > > Because of that, Node 1 also detects the memory from node 0 as below
> > > when it scans from the start address to the end address of node 1.
> > >
> > > Node 0 address: 0000 xxxx xxxx xxxx
> > > Node 1 address: xxxx 1111 1111 1111
> > >
> > > This layout could occur on any architecture. Most of them enables
> > > this config by default with CONFIG_NUMA. This patch, by default, enables
> > > CONFIG_NODES_SPAN_OTHER_NODES or uses early_pfn_in_nid() for NUMA.
> >
> > I am not opposed to this at all. It reduces the config space and that is
> > a good thing on its own. The history has shown that meory layout might
> > be really wild wrt NUMA. The config is only used for early_pfn_in_nid
> > which is clearly an overkill.
> >
> > Your description doesn't really explain why this is safe though. The
> > history of this config is somehow messy, though. Mike has tried
> > to remove it a94b3ab7eab4 ("[PATCH] mm: remove arch independent
> > NODES_SPAN_OTHER_NODES") just to be reintroduced by 7516795739bd
> > ("[PATCH] Reintroduce NODES_SPAN_OTHER_NODES for powerpc") without any
> > reasoning what so ever. This doesn't make it really easy see whether
> > reasons for reintroduction are still there. Maybe there are some subtle
> > dependencies. I do not see any TBH but that might be burried deep in an
> > arch specific code.
>
> I've looked at this a bit more and it seems that the check for
> early_pfn_in_nid() in memmap_init_zone() can be simply removed.
>
> The commits you've mentioned were way before the addition of
> HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP and the whole infrastructure that calculates zone
> sizes and boundaries based on the memblock node map.
> So, the memmap_init_zone() is called when zone boundaries are already
> within a node.

But zones from different nodes might overlap in the pfn range. And this
check is there to skip over those overlapping areas. The only way to
skip over this check I can see is to do a different pfn walk and go
through memblock ranges which are guaranteed to belong to a single node.
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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