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Subject[PATCH v6 00/14] Add AMD SEV guest live migration support
From: Ashish Kalra <>

The series add support for AMD SEV guest live migration commands. To protect the
confidentiality of an SEV protected guest memory while in transit we need to
use the SEV commands defined in SEV API spec [1].

SEV guest VMs have the concept of private and shared memory. Private memory
is encrypted with the guest-specific key, while shared memory may be encrypted
with hypervisor key. The commands provided by the SEV FW are meant to be used
for the private memory only. The patch series introduces a new hypercall.
The guest OS can use this hypercall to notify the page encryption status.
If the page is encrypted with guest specific-key then we use SEV command during
the migration. If page is not encrypted then fallback to default.

The patch adds new ioctls KVM_{SET,GET}_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP. The ioctl can be used
by the qemu to get the page encrypted bitmap. Qemu can consult this bitmap
during the migration to know whether the page is encrypted.


Changes since v5:
- Fix build errors as
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <>

Changes since v4:
- Host support has been added to extend KVM capabilities/feature bits to
include a new KVM_FEATURE_SEV_LIVE_MIGRATION, which the guest can
query for host-side support for SEV live migration and a new custom MSR
MSR_KVM_SEV_LIVE_MIG_EN is added for guest to enable the SEV live
migration feature.
- Ensure that _bss_decrypted section is marked as decrypted in the
page encryption bitmap.
- Fixing KVM_GET_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP ioctl to return the correct bitmap
as per the number of pages being requested by the user. Ensure that
we only copy bmap->num_pages bytes in the userspace buffer, if
bmap->num_pages is not byte aligned we read the trailing bits
from the userspace and copy those bits as is. This fixes guest
page(s) corruption issues observed after migration completion.
- Add kexec support for SEV Live Migration to reset the host's
page encryption bitmap related to kernel specific page encryption
status settings before we load a new kernel by kexec. We cannot
reset the complete page encryption bitmap here as we need to
retain the UEFI/OVMF firmware specific settings.

Changes since v3:
- Rebasing to mainline and testing.
- Adding a new KVM_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP_RESET ioctl, which resets the
page encryption bitmap on a guest reboot event.
- Adding a more reliable sanity check for GPA range being passed to
the hypercall to ensure that guest MMIO ranges are also marked
in the page encryption bitmap.

Changes since v2:
- reset the page encryption bitmap on vcpu reboot

Changes since v1:
- Add support to share the page encryption between the source and target
- Fix review feedbacks from Tom Lendacky.
- Add check to limit the session blob length.
- Update KVM_GET_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP icotl to use the base_gfn instead of
the memory slot when querying the bitmap.

Ashish Kalra (3):
KVM: x86: Introduce KVM_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP_RESET ioctl
KVM: x86: Introduce new KVM_FEATURE_SEV_LIVE_MIGRATION feature &
Custom MSR.
KVM: x86: Add kexec support for SEV Live Migration.

Brijesh Singh (11):
KVM: SVM: Add support for KVM_SEV_RECEIVE_START command
KVM: x86: Add AMD SEV specific Hypercall3
KVM: X86: Introduce KVM_HC_PAGE_ENC_STATUS hypercall
KVM: x86: Introduce KVM_GET_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP ioctl
mm: x86: Invoke hypercall when page encryption status is changed
KVM: x86: Introduce KVM_SET_PAGE_ENC_BITMAP ioctl

.../virt/kvm/amd-memory-encryption.rst | 120 +++
Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 62 ++
Documentation/virt/kvm/cpuid.rst | 4 +
Documentation/virt/kvm/hypercalls.rst | 15 +
Documentation/virt/kvm/msr.rst | 10 +
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 10 +
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h | 12 +
arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt.h | 10 +
arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h | 2 +
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h | 5 +
arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 32 +
arch/x86/kernel/paravirt.c | 1 +
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 3 +-
arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 699 +++++++++++++++++-
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 1 +
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 43 ++
arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c | 69 +-
arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c | 7 +
include/linux/psp-sev.h | 8 +-
include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 53 ++
include/uapi/linux/kvm_para.h | 1 +
21 files changed, 1157 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)


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