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Subject[GIT PULL] Mount and superblock notifications
Date
Hi Linus,

If you could consider pulling this - or would you prefer it to go through
Al? It adds a couple of VFS-related event sources for the general
notification mechanism:

(1) Mount topology events, such as mounting, unmounting, mount expiry,
mount reconfiguration.

(2) Superblock events, such as R/W<->R/O changes, quota overrun and I/O
errors (not complete yet).


WHY
===

(1) Mount notifications.

This one is wanted to avoid repeated trawling of /proc/mounts or
similar to work out changes to the mount object attributes and mount
topology. I'm told that the proc file holding the namespace_sem is a
point of contention, especially as the process of generating the text
descriptions of the mounts/superblocks can be quite involved.

Whilst you can use poll() on /proc/mounts, it doesn't give you any
clues as to what changed. The notification generated here directly
indicates the mounts involved in any particular event and gives an
idea of what the change was.

This is combined with a new fsinfo() system call that allows, amongst
other things, the ability to retrieve in one go an { id,
change_counter } tuple from all the children of a specified mount,
allowing buffer overruns to be dealt with quickly.

This can be used by systemd to improve efficiency:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20200227151421.3u74ijhqt6ekbiss@ws.net.home/

And it's not just Red Hat that's potentially interested in this:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/293c9bd3-f530-d75e-c353-ddeabac27cf6@6wind.com/

Also, this can be used to improve management of containers by allowing
watches to be set in foreign mount namespaces, such as are in a
container.

(2) Superblock notifications.

This one is provided to allow systemd or the desktop to more easily
detect events such as I/O errors and EDQUOT/ENOSPC. This would be of
interest to Postgres:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20200211005626.7yqjf5rbs3vbwagd@alap3.anarazel.de/

But could also be used to indicate to systemd when a superblock has
had its configuration changed.

Thanks,
David
---
The following changes since commit 694435dbde3d1da79aafaf4cd680802f9eb229b7:

smack: Implement the watch_key and post_notification hooks (2020-03-19 17:31:09 +0000)

are available in the Git repository at:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs.git tags/notifications-fs-20200330

for you to fetch changes up to 8dbf1aa122da5bbb4ede0f363a8a18dfc723be33:

watch_queue: sample: Display superblock notifications (2020-03-19 17:31:09 +0000)

----------------------------------------------------------------
Filesystem notifications

----------------------------------------------------------------
David Howells (6):
watch_queue: Add security hooks to rule on setting mount and sb watches
watch_queue: Implement mount topology and attribute change notifications
watch_queue: sample: Display mount tree change notifications
watch_queue: Introduce a non-repeating system-unique superblock ID
watch_queue: Add superblock notifications
watch_queue: sample: Display superblock notifications

Documentation/watch_queue.rst | 24 ++-
arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h | 2 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h | 4 +
arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl | 2 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl | 2 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl | 2 +
arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 2 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 2 +
arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 2 +
fs/Kconfig | 21 +++
fs/Makefile | 1 +
fs/internal.h | 1 +
fs/mount.h | 21 +++
fs/mount_notify.c | 228 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/namespace.c | 22 +++
fs/super.c | 205 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/dcache.h | 1 +
include/linux/fs.h | 62 ++++++++
include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 24 +++
include/linux/security.h | 16 ++
include/linux/syscalls.h | 4 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h | 6 +-
include/uapi/linux/watch_queue.h | 65 +++++++-
kernel/sys_ni.c | 6 +
samples/watch_queue/watch_test.c | 81 +++++++++-
security/security.c | 14 ++
36 files changed, 835 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 fs/mount_notify.c

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