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SubjectRe: [PATCHv4] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace
On 3/3/20 9:58 AM, Christian Brauner wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 02, 2020 at 06:26:47PM -0800, Kees Cook wrote:
>> On Mon, Mar 02, 2020 at 10:18:07PM +0000, Bernd Edlinger wrote:
>>> This fixes a deadlock in the tracer when tracing a multi-threaded
>>> application that calls execve while more than one thread are running.
>>> I observed that when running strace on the gcc test suite, it always
>>> blocks after a while, when expect calls execve, because other threads
>>> have to be terminated. They send ptrace events, but the strace is no
>>> longer able to respond, since it is blocked in vm_access.
>>> The deadlock is always happening when strace needs to access the
>>> tracees process mmap, while another thread in the tracee starts to
>>> execve a child process, but that cannot continue until the
>>> PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT is handled and the WIFEXITED event is received:
>>> strace D 0 30614 30584 0x00000000
>>> Call Trace:
>>> __schedule+0x3ce/0x6e0
>>> schedule+0x5c/0xd0
>>> schedule_preempt_disabled+0x15/0x20
>>> __mutex_lock.isra.13+0x1ec/0x520
>>> __mutex_lock_killable_slowpath+0x13/0x20
>>> mutex_lock_killable+0x28/0x30
>>> mm_access+0x27/0xa0
>>> process_vm_rw_core.isra.3+0xff/0x550
>>> process_vm_rw+0xdd/0xf0
>>> __x64_sys_process_vm_readv+0x31/0x40
>>> do_syscall_64+0x64/0x220
>>> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>>> expect D 0 31933 30876 0x80004003
>>> Call Trace:
>>> __schedule+0x3ce/0x6e0
>>> schedule+0x5c/0xd0
>>> flush_old_exec+0xc4/0x770
>>> load_elf_binary+0x35a/0x16c0
>>> search_binary_handler+0x97/0x1d0
>>> __do_execve_file.isra.40+0x5d4/0x8a0
>>> __x64_sys_execve+0x49/0x60
>>> do_syscall_64+0x64/0x220
>>> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
>>> The proposed solution is to take the cred_guard_mutex only
>>> in a critical section at the beginning, and at the end of the
>>> execve function, and let PTRACE_ATTACH fail with EAGAIN while
>>> execve is not complete, but other functions like vm_access are
>>> allowed to complete normally.
>> Sorry to be bummer, but I don't think this will work. A few more things
>> during the exec process depend on cred_guard_mutex being held.
>> If I'm reading this patch correctly, this changes the lifetime of the
>> cred_guard_mutex lock to be:
>> - during prepare_bprm_creds()
>> - from flush_old_exec() through install_exec_creds()
>> Before, cred_guard_mutex was held from prepare_bprm_creds() through
>> install_exec_creds().
>> That means, for example, that check_unsafe_exec()'s documented invariant
>> is violated:
>> /*
>> * determine how safe it is to execute the proposed program
>> * - the caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex to protect against
>> * PTRACE_ATTACH or seccomp thread-sync
>> */
>> static void check_unsafe_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm) ...
>> which is looking at no_new_privs as well as other details, and making
>> decisions about the bprm state from the current state.
>> I think it also means that the potentially multiple invocations
>> of bprm_fill_uid() (via prepare_binprm() via binfmt_script.c and
>> binfmt_misc.c) would be changing bprm->cred details (uid, gid) without
>> a lock (another place where current's no_new_privs is evaluated).
>> Related, it also means that cred_guard_mutex is unheld for every
>> invocation of search_binary_handler() (which can loop via the previously
>> mentioned binfmt_script.c and binfmt_misc.c), if any of them have hidden
>> dependencies on cred_guard_mutex. (Thought I only see bprm_fill_uid()
>> currently.)
> So one issue I see with having to reacquire the cred_guard_mutex might
> be that this would allow tasks holding the cred_guard_mutex to block a
> killed exec'ing task from exiting, right?

Yes maybe, but I think it will not be worse than it is now.
Since the second time the mutex is acquired it is done with
mutex_lock_killable, so at least kill -9 should get it terminated.

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