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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 8/9] proc: use human-readable values for hidehid
On Fri, Mar 27, 2020 at 06:23:30PM +0100, Alexey Gladkov wrote:
> The hidepid parameter values are becoming more and more and it becomes
> difficult to remember what each new magic number means.
>
> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
> Reviewed-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
> ---
> Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 52 +++++++++++++++---------------
> fs/proc/inode.c | 13 +++++++-
> fs/proc/root.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++--
> 3 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> index bd0e0ab85048..af47672cb2cb 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> @@ -2025,28 +2025,28 @@ The following mount options are supported:
> gid= Set the group authorized to learn processes information.
> subset= Show only the specified subset of procfs.
>
> -hidepid=0 means classic mode - everybody may access all /proc/<pid>/ directories
> -(default).
> -
> -hidepid=1 means users may not access any /proc/<pid>/ directories but their
> -own. Sensitive files like cmdline, sched*, status are now protected against
> -other users. This makes it impossible to learn whether any user runs
> -specific program (given the program doesn't reveal itself by its behaviour).
> -As an additional bonus, as /proc/<pid>/cmdline is unaccessible for other users,
> -poorly written programs passing sensitive information via program arguments are
> -now protected against local eavesdroppers.
> -
> -hidepid=2 means hidepid=1 plus all /proc/<pid>/ will be fully invisible to other
> -users. It doesn't mean that it hides a fact whether a process with a specific
> -pid value exists (it can be learned by other means, e.g. by "kill -0 $PID"),
> -but it hides process' uid and gid, which may be learned by stat()'ing
> -/proc/<pid>/ otherwise. It greatly complicates an intruder's task of gathering
> -information about running processes, whether some daemon runs with elevated
> -privileges, whether other user runs some sensitive program, whether other users
> -run any program at all, etc.
> -
> -hidepid=4 means that procfs should only contain /proc/<pid>/ directories
> -that the caller can ptrace.
> +hidepid=off or hidepid=0 means classic mode - everybody may access all
> +/proc/<pid>/ directories (default).
> +
> +hidepid=noaccess or hidepid=1 means users may not access any /proc/<pid>/
> +directories but their own. Sensitive files like cmdline, sched*, status are now
> +protected against other users. This makes it impossible to learn whether any
> +user runs specific program (given the program doesn't reveal itself by its
> +behaviour). As an additional bonus, as /proc/<pid>/cmdline is unaccessible for
> +other users, poorly written programs passing sensitive information via program
> +arguments are now protected against local eavesdroppers.
> +
> +hidepid=invisible or hidepid=2 means hidepid=noaccess plus all /proc/<pid>/ will
> +be fully invisible to other users. It doesn't mean that it hides a fact whether
> +a process with a specific pid value exists (it can be learned by other means,
> +e.g. by "kill -0 $PID"), but it hides process' uid and gid, which may be learned
> +by stat()'ing /proc/<pid>/ otherwise. It greatly complicates an intruder's task
> +of gathering information about running processes, whether some daemon runs with
> +elevated privileges, whether other user runs some sensitive program, whether
> +other users run any program at all, etc.
> +
> +hidepid=ptraceable or hidepid=4 means that procfs should only contain
> +/proc/<pid>/ directories that the caller can ptrace.
>
> gid= defines a group authorized to learn processes information otherwise
> prohibited by hidepid=. If you use some daemon like identd which needs to learn
> @@ -2093,8 +2093,8 @@ creates a new procfs instance. Mount options affect own procfs instance.
> It means that it became possible to have several procfs instances
> displaying tasks with different filtering options in one pid namespace.
>
> -# mount -o hidepid=2 -t proc proc /proc
> -# mount -o hidepid=1 -t proc proc /tmp/proc
> +# mount -o hidepid=invisible -t proc proc /proc
> +# mount -o hidepid=noaccess -t proc proc /tmp/proc
> # grep ^proc /proc/mounts
> -proc /proc proc rw,relatime,hidepid=2 0 0
> -proc /tmp/proc proc rw,relatime,hidepid=1 0 0
> +proc /proc proc rw,relatime,hidepid=invisible 0 0
> +proc /tmp/proc proc rw,relatime,hidepid=noaccess 0 0
> diff --git a/fs/proc/inode.c b/fs/proc/inode.c
> index e6577ce6027b..f01fb4bed75c 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/inode.c
> @@ -165,6 +165,17 @@ void proc_invalidate_siblings_dcache(struct hlist_head *inodes, spinlock_t *lock
> deactivate_super(old_sb);
> }
>
> +static inline const char *hidepid2str(int v)
> +{
> + switch (v) {
> + case HIDEPID_OFF: return "off";
> + case HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS: return "noaccess";
> + case HIDEPID_INVISIBLE: return "invisible";
> + case HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE: return "ptraceable";
> + }
> + BUG();

Please don't use BUG()[1]. Add a default case with a warn and return
"unknown":

switch (v) {
case HIDEPID_OFF: return "off";
case HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS: return "noaccess";
case HIDEPID_INVISIBLE: return "invisible";
case HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE: return "ptraceable";
default:
WARN_ON_ONCE("bad hide_pid value: %d\n", v);
return "unknown";
}

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/202003141524.59C619B51A@keescook/

> +}
> +
> static int proc_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
> {
> struct proc_fs_info *fs_info = proc_sb_info(root->d_sb);
> @@ -172,7 +183,7 @@ static int proc_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
> if (!gid_eq(fs_info->pid_gid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID))
> seq_printf(seq, ",gid=%u", from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, fs_info->pid_gid));
> if (fs_info->hide_pid != HIDEPID_OFF)
> - seq_printf(seq, ",hidepid=%u", fs_info->hide_pid);
> + seq_printf(seq, ",hidepid=%s", hidepid2str(fs_info->hide_pid));
> if (fs_info->pidonly != PROC_PIDONLY_OFF)
> seq_printf(seq, ",subset=pid");
>
> diff --git a/fs/proc/root.c b/fs/proc/root.c
> index dbcd96f07c7a..ba782d6e6197 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/root.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/root.c
> @@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ enum proc_param {
>
> static const struct fs_parameter_spec proc_fs_parameters[] = {
> fsparam_u32("gid", Opt_gid),
> - fsparam_u32("hidepid", Opt_hidepid),
> + fsparam_string("hidepid", Opt_hidepid),
> fsparam_string("subset", Opt_subset),
> {}
> };
> @@ -58,6 +58,35 @@ static inline int valid_hidepid(unsigned int value)
> value == HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE);
> }
>
> +static int proc_parse_hidepid_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
> +{
> + struct proc_fs_context *ctx = fc->fs_private;
> + struct fs_parameter_spec hidepid_u32_spec = fsparam_u32("hidepid", Opt_hidepid);
> + struct fs_parse_result result;
> + int base = (unsigned long)hidepid_u32_spec.data;
> +
> + if (param->type != fs_value_is_string)
> + return invalf(fc, "proc: unexpected type of hidepid value\n");
> +
> + if (!kstrtouint(param->string, base, &result.uint_32)) {
> + ctx->hidepid = result.uint_32;

This need to bounds-check the value with a call to valid_hidepid(), yes?

> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (!strcmp(param->string, "off"))
> + ctx->hidepid = HIDEPID_OFF;
> + else if (!strcmp(param->string, "noaccess"))
> + ctx->hidepid = HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS;
> + else if (!strcmp(param->string, "invisible"))
> + ctx->hidepid = HIDEPID_INVISIBLE;
> + else if (!strcmp(param->string, "ptraceable"))
> + ctx->hidepid = HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE;
> + else
> + return invalf(fc, "proc: unknown value of hidepid - %s\n", param->string);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static int proc_parse_subset_param(struct fs_context *fc, char *value)
> {
> struct proc_fs_context *ctx = fc->fs_private;
> @@ -97,9 +126,10 @@ static int proc_parse_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
> break;
>
> case Opt_hidepid:
> - if (!valid_hidepid(result.uint_32))
> + if (proc_parse_hidepid_param(fc, param))
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if (!valid_hidepid(ctx->hidepid))
> return invalf(fc, "proc: unknown value of hidepid.\n");
> - ctx->hidepid = result.uint_32;
> break;
>
> case Opt_subset:
> --
> 2.25.2
>

--
Kees Cook

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