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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/7] thp: Change CoW semantics for anon-THP
On Fri, Mar 27, 2020 at 5:43 PM Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> wrote:
>
> On Fri, Mar 27, 2020 at 01:07:34PM -0700, Yang Shi wrote:
> > On Fri, Mar 27, 2020 at 10:06 AM Kirill A. Shutemov
> > <kirill@shutemov.name> wrote:
> > >
> > > Currently we have different copy-on-write semantics for anon- and
> > > file-THP. For anon-THP we try to allocate huge page on the write fault,
> > > but on file-THP we split PMD and allocate 4k page.
> >
> > I agree this seems confusing.
> >
> > >
> > > Arguably, file-THP semantics is more desirable: we don't necessary want
> > > to unshare full PMD range from the parent on the first access. This is
> > > the primary reason THP is unusable for some workloads, like Redis.
> > >
> > > The original THP refcounting didn't allow to have PTE-mapped compound
> > > pages, so we had no options, but to allocate huge page on CoW (with
> > > fallback to 512 4k pages).
> > >
> > > The current refcounting doesn't have such limitations and we can cut a
> > > lot of complex code out of fault path.
> > >
> > > khugepaged is now able to recover THP from such ranges if the
> > > configuration allows.
> >
> > It looks this patch would just split the PMD then fallback to handle
> > it on PTE level, it definitely simplify the code a lot. However it
> > makes the use of THP depend on the productivity of khugepaged. And the
> > success rate of THP allocation in khugepaged depends on defrag. But by
> > default khugepaged runs at very low priority, so khugepaged defrag may
> > result in priority inversion easily.
>
> If you have a workload that may be hurt by such change, please get some
> numbers. It would be interesting to see.

Please see the below splat:

[ 7417.871422] INFO: task /home/staragent:9088 blocked for more than
1200 seconds.
[ 7417.880501] Tainted: G W 4.19.91 #1
[ 7417.889015] "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs"
disables this message.
[ 7417.897373] /home/staragent D 0 9088 1 0x00000000
[ 7417.905017] Call Trace:
[ 7417.907898] ? __schedule+0x3cf/0x660
[ 7417.911988] ? core_sys_select+0x1d2/0x270
[ 7417.916562] schedule+0x33/0xc0
[ 7417.920205] rwsem_down_read_failed+0x130/0x190
[ 7417.925153] ? call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x14/0x30
[ 7417.930648] call_rwsem_down_read_failed+0x14/0x30
[ 7417.935894] down_read+0x1c/0x30
[ 7417.939603] __do_page_fault+0x435/0x4d0
[ 7417.943984] do_page_fault+0x32/0x110
[ 7417.949315] ? page_fault+0x8/0x30
[ 7417.953189] page_fault+0x1e/0x30
[ 7417.956974] RIP: 0033:0x8063b0
[ 7417.960582] Code: Bad RIP value.

*** the task got current->mm->mmap_sem: 0xffff88a65ed02f80
crash> bt ffff88a65ed02f80
PID: 102341 TASK: ffff88a65ed02f80 CPU: 64 COMMAND: "/home/staragent"
#0 [ffffc90021bd73e8] __schedule at ffffffff818436af
#1 [ffffc90021bd7480] schedule at ffffffff81843973
#2 [ffffc90021bd7498] rwsem_down_read_failed at ffffffff818472b0
#3 [ffffc90021bd7540] call_rwsem_down_read_failed at ffffffff818393d4
#4 [ffffc90021bd7588] down_read at ffffffff8184662c
#5 [ffffc90021bd7598] page_lock_anon_vma_read at ffffffff81242d9c
#6 [ffffc90021bd75c0] rmap_walk_anon at ffffffff8124154f
#7 [ffffc90021bd7620] page_referenced at ffffffff8124350e
#8 [ffffc90021bd7690] shrink_page_list at ffffffff8120b2f4
#9 [ffffc90021bd7760] shrink_inactive_list at ffffffff8120c4c6
#10 [ffffc90021bd7808] shrink_node_memcg at ffffffff8120cffa
#11 [ffffc90021bd7910] shrink_node at ffffffff8120d534
#12 [ffffc90021bd79a8] do_try_to_free_pages at ffffffff8120dac4
#13 [ffffc90021bd7a10] try_to_free_pages at ffffffff8120dec4
#14 [ffffc90021bd7aa8] __alloc_pages_slowpath at ffffffff811fa367
#15 [ffffc90021bd7bd0] __alloc_pages_nodemask at ffffffff811fb116
#16 [ffffc90021bd7c30] __do_page_cache_readahead at ffffffff812013c4
#17 [ffffc90021bd7cc8] filemap_fault at ffffffff811ef652
#18 [ffffc90021bd7d98] ext4_filemap_fault at ffffffffc030c48c [ext4]
#19 [ffffc90021bd7db0] __do_fault at ffffffff81234cf0
#20 [ffffc90021bd7dd0] __handle_mm_fault at ffffffff812337d8
#21 [ffffc90021bd7e80] handle_mm_fault at ffffffff81233adc
#22 [ffffc90021bd7eb0] __do_page_fault at ffffffff8106f084
#23 [ffffc90021bd7f20] do_page_fault at ffffffff8106f342
#24 [ffffc90021bd7f50] page_fault at ffffffff81a0112e
RIP: 00007f67de084e72 RSP: 00007f67677fddb8 RFLAGS: 00010206
RAX: 00007f67de084e72 RBX: 0000000002802310 RCX: 0000000000080000
RDX: 00007f67680008c0 RSI: 0000000000080000 RDI: 00007f67680008c0
RBP: 00007f67677fddf0 R8: 0000000000000000 R9: 00007f6768086460
R10: 00007f67677fdde0 R11: 00000000009b3ca8 R12: 0000000002802120
R13: 0000000002802768 R14: 0000000000000003 R15: 00007f67677fe700
ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0033 SS: 002b

*** staragent held mmap_sem and was doing memory reclaim, and was
trying to acquire anon_vma lock.

*** the anon_vma->root->rwsem is held by khugepaged
crash> struct task_struct 0xffff88fe6f5dc740
comm = “khugepaged\000\000\000\000\000”
crash> bt 0xffff88fe6f5dc740
PID: 504 TASK: ffff88fe6f5dc740 CPU: 34 COMMAND: "khugepaged"
#0 [ffffc9000da2f630] __schedule at ffffffff818436af
#1 [ffffc9000da2f6c8] _cond_resched at ffffffff81843c0d
#2 [ffffc9000da2f6d8] rmap_walk_anon at ffffffff81241465
#3 [ffffc9000da2f738] remove_migration_ptes at ffffffff8127129d
#4 [ffffc9000da2f770] remap_page at ffffffff8127504f
#5 [ffffc9000da2f788] split_huge_page_to_list at ffffffff8127a82a
#6 [ffffc9000da2f810] shrink_page_list at ffffffff8120b3fc
#7 [ffffc9000da2f8e0] shrink_inactive_list at ffffffff8120c4c6
#8 [ffffc9000da2f988] shrink_node_memcg at ffffffff8120cffa
#9 [ffffc9000da2fa90] shrink_node at ffffffff8120d534
#10 [ffffc9000da2fb28] do_try_to_free_pages at ffffffff8120dac4
#11 [ffffc9000da2fb90] try_to_free_pages at ffffffff8120dec4
#12 [ffffc9000da2fc28] __alloc_pages_slowpath at ffffffff811fa367
#13 [ffffc9000da2fd50] __alloc_pages_nodemask at ffffffff811fb116
#14 [ffffc9000da2fdb0] khugepaged at ffffffff8127e478
#15 [ffffc9000da2ff10] kthread at ffffffff810bcb75
#16 [ffffc9000da2ff50] ret_from_fork at ffffffff81a001cf

The system was overloaded and experiencing memory pressure. Releasing
mmap_sem before doing any blocking operations could mitigate the
problem, but the underlying priority inversion caused by khugepaged
still exists.

> > For example we saw THP split in reclaim path triggered by khugepaged
> > held write anon_vma lock, but the other process which was doing
> > reclaim too was blocked by anon_vma lock. Then the cond_resched() in
> > rmap walk would make khugepaged preempted by all other processes
> > easily so khugepaged may hold the anon_vma lock for indefinite time.
> > Then we saw hung tasks.
>
> Any chance you have a reproducer? I'm not sure I follow the problem, but
> it's almost 4AM, so I'm slow.

I don't have a stable reproducer.

>
> > So we have khugepaged defrag disabled for some workloads to workaround
> > the priority inversion problem. So, I'm concerned some processes may
> > never get THP for some our workloads with this patch applied.
> >
> > The priority inversion caused by khugepaged was not very usual. Just
> > my two cents.
> >
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
> > > ---
> > > mm/huge_memory.c | 247 +++++------------------------------------------
> > > 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 223 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > > index ef6a6bcb291f..15b7a9c86b7c 100644
> > > --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> > > +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> > > @@ -1206,262 +1206,63 @@ void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd)
> > > spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > }
> > >
> > > -static vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page_fallback(struct vm_fault *vmf,
> > > - pmd_t orig_pmd, struct page *page)
> > > -{
> > > - struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
> > > - unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
> > > - struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> > > - pgtable_t pgtable;
> > > - pmd_t _pmd;
> > > - int i;
> > > - vm_fault_t ret = 0;
> > > - struct page **pages;
> > > - struct mmu_notifier_range range;
> > > -
> > > - pages = kmalloc_array(HPAGE_PMD_NR, sizeof(struct page *),
> > > - GFP_KERNEL);
> > > - if (unlikely(!pages)) {
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_OOM;
> > > - goto out;
> > > - }
> > > -
> > > - for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
> > > - pages[i] = alloc_page_vma_node(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma,
> > > - vmf->address, page_to_nid(page));
> > > - if (unlikely(!pages[i] ||
> > > - mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(pages[i], vma->vm_mm,
> > > - GFP_KERNEL, &memcg, false))) {
> > > - if (pages[i])
> > > - put_page(pages[i]);
> > > - while (--i >= 0) {
> > > - memcg = (void *)page_private(pages[i]);
> > > - set_page_private(pages[i], 0);
> > > - mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(pages[i], memcg,
> > > - false);
> > > - put_page(pages[i]);
> > > - }
> > > - kfree(pages);
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_OOM;
> > > - goto out;
> > > - }
> > > - set_page_private(pages[i], (unsigned long)memcg);
> > > - }
> > > -
> > > - for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
> > > - copy_user_highpage(pages[i], page + i,
> > > - haddr + PAGE_SIZE * i, vma);
> > > - __SetPageUptodate(pages[i]);
> > > - cond_resched();
> > > - }
> > > -
> > > - mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm,
> > > - haddr, haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
> > > - mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
> > > -
> > > - vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
> > > - if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*vmf->pmd, orig_pmd)))
> > > - goto out_free_pages;
> > > - VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
> > > -
> > > - /*
> > > - * Leave pmd empty until pte is filled note we must notify here as
> > > - * concurrent CPU thread might write to new page before the call to
> > > - * mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end() happens which can lead to a
> > > - * device seeing memory write in different order than CPU.
> > > - *
> > > - * See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst
> > > - */
> > > - pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd);
> > > -
> > > - pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
> > > - pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, &_pmd, pgtable);
> > > -
> > > - for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++, haddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
> > > - pte_t entry;
> > > - entry = mk_pte(pages[i], vma->vm_page_prot);
> > > - entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
> > > - memcg = (void *)page_private(pages[i]);
> > > - set_page_private(pages[i], 0);
> > > - page_add_new_anon_rmap(pages[i], vmf->vma, haddr, false);
> > > - mem_cgroup_commit_charge(pages[i], memcg, false, false);
> > > - lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(pages[i], vma);
> > > - vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(&_pmd, haddr);
> > > - VM_BUG_ON(!pte_none(*vmf->pte));
> > > - set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pte, entry);
> > > - pte_unmap(vmf->pte);
> > > - }
> > > - kfree(pages);
> > > -
> > > - smp_wmb(); /* make pte visible before pmd */
> > > - pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, pgtable);
> > > - page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> > > - spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > -
> > > - /*
> > > - * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as
> > > - * the above pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify() did already call it.
> > > - */
> > > - mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range);
> > > -
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > -
> > > -out:
> > > - return ret;
> > > -
> > > -out_free_pages:
> > > - spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > - mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
> > > - for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
> > > - memcg = (void *)page_private(pages[i]);
> > > - set_page_private(pages[i], 0);
> > > - mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(pages[i], memcg, false);
> > > - put_page(pages[i]);
> > > - }
> > > - kfree(pages);
> > > - goto out;
> > > -}
> > > -
> > > vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd)
> > > {
> > > struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
> > > - struct page *page = NULL, *new_page;
> > > - struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
> > > + struct page *page;
> > > unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
> > > - struct mmu_notifier_range range;
> > > - gfp_t huge_gfp; /* for allocation and charge */
> > > - vm_fault_t ret = 0;
> > >
> > > vmf->ptl = pmd_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd);
> > > VM_BUG_ON_VMA(!vma->anon_vma, vma);
> > > +
> > > if (is_huge_zero_pmd(orig_pmd))
> > > - goto alloc;
> > > + goto fallback;
> > > +
> > > spin_lock(vmf->ptl);
> > > - if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*vmf->pmd, orig_pmd)))
> > > - goto out_unlock;
> > > +
> > > + if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*vmf->pmd, orig_pmd))) {
> > > + spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > + return 0;
> > > + }
> > >
> > > page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
> > > VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page) || !PageHead(page), page);
> > > - /*
> > > - * We can only reuse the page if nobody else maps the huge page or it's
> > > - * part.
> > > - */
> > > +
> > > + /* Lock page for reuse_swap_page() */
> > > if (!trylock_page(page)) {
> > > get_page(page);
> > > spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > lock_page(page);
> > > spin_lock(vmf->ptl);
> > > if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*vmf->pmd, orig_pmd))) {
> > > + spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > unlock_page(page);
> > > put_page(page);
> > > - goto out_unlock;
> > > + return 0;
> > > }
> > > put_page(page);
> > > }
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * We can only reuse the page if nobody else maps the huge page or it's
> > > + * part.
> > > + */
> > > if (reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) {
> > > pmd_t entry;
> > > entry = pmd_mkyoung(orig_pmd);
> > > entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
> > > if (pmdp_set_access_flags(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry, 1))
> > > update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pmd);
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
> > > unlock_page(page);
> > > - goto out_unlock;
> > > - }
> > > - unlock_page(page);
> > > - get_page(page);
> > > - spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > -alloc:
> > > - if (__transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma) &&
> > > - !transparent_hugepage_debug_cow()) {
> > > - huge_gfp = alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(vma);
> > > - new_page = alloc_hugepage_vma(huge_gfp, vma, haddr, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
> > > - } else
> > > - new_page = NULL;
> > > -
> > > - if (likely(new_page)) {
> > > - prep_transhuge_page(new_page);
> > > - } else {
> > > - if (!page) {
> > > - split_huge_pmd(vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address);
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
> > > - } else {
> > > - ret = do_huge_pmd_wp_page_fallback(vmf, orig_pmd, page);
> > > - if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM) {
> > > - split_huge_pmd(vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address);
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
> > > - }
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > - }
> > > - count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
> > > - goto out;
> > > - }
> > > -
> > > - if (unlikely(mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(new_page, vma->vm_mm,
> > > - huge_gfp, &memcg, true))) {
> > > - put_page(new_page);
> > > - split_huge_pmd(vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address);
> > > - if (page)
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
> > > - count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
> > > - goto out;
> > > - }
> > > -
> > > - count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_ALLOC);
> > > - count_memcg_events(memcg, THP_FAULT_ALLOC, 1);
> > > -
> > > - if (!page)
> > > - clear_huge_page(new_page, vmf->address, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> > > - else
> > > - copy_user_huge_page(new_page, page, vmf->address,
> > > - vma, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> > > - __SetPageUptodate(new_page);
> > > -
> > > - mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm,
> > > - haddr, haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
> > > - mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
> > > -
> > > - spin_lock(vmf->ptl);
> > > - if (page)
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > - if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*vmf->pmd, orig_pmd))) {
> > > spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > - mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(new_page, memcg, true);
> > > - put_page(new_page);
> > > - goto out_mn;
> > > - } else {
> > > - pmd_t entry;
> > > - entry = mk_huge_pmd(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
> > > - entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
> > > - pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd);
> > > - page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, haddr, true);
> > > - mem_cgroup_commit_charge(new_page, memcg, false, true);
> > > - lru_cache_add_active_or_unevictable(new_page, vma);
> > > - set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry);
> > > - update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pmd);
> > > - if (!page) {
> > > - add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> > > - } else {
> > > - VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
> > > - page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > - }
> > > - ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
> > > + return VM_FAULT_WRITE;
> > > }
> > > +
> > > + unlock_page(page);
> > > spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > -out_mn:
> > > - /*
> > > - * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as
> > > - * the above pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify() did already call it.
> > > - */
> > > - mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range);
> > > -out:
> > > - return ret;
> > > -out_unlock:
> > > - spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
> > > - return ret;
> > > +fallback:
> > > + __split_huge_pmd(vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL);
> > > + return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
> > > }
> > >
> > > /*
> > > --
> > > 2.26.0
> > >
> > >
>
> --
> Kirill A. Shutemov

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