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SubjectRe: [PATCH 03/10] iommu/ioasid: Introduce per set allocation APIs
On Fri, 27 Mar 2020 08:38:44 +0000
"Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com> wrote:

> > From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > Sent: Thursday, March 26, 2020 1:55 AM
> >
> > IOASID set defines a group of IDs that share the same token. The
> > ioasid_set concept helps to do permission checking among users as
> > in the current code.
> >
> > With guest SVA usage, each VM has its own IOASID set. More
> > functionalities are needed:
> > 1. Enforce quota, each guest may be assigned limited quota such
> > that one guest cannot abuse all the system resource.
> > 2. Stores IOASID mapping between guest and host IOASIDs
> > 3. Per set operations, e.g. free the entire set
> >
> > For each ioasid_set token, a unique set ID is assigned. This makes
> > reference of the set and data lookup much easier to implement.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/ioasid.c | 147
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > include/linux/ioasid.h | 13 +++++
> > 2 files changed, 160 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > index 4026e52855b9..27ee57f7079b 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > @@ -10,6 +10,25 @@
> > #include <linux/spinlock.h>
> > #include <linux/xarray.h>
> >
> > +static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_sets);
> > +/**
> > + * struct ioasid_set_data - Meta data about ioasid_set
> > + *
> > + * @token: Unique to identify an IOASID set
> > + * @xa: XArray to store subset ID and IOASID
> > mapping
>
> what is a subset? is it a different thing from set?
>
Subset is a set, but a subset ID is an ID only valid within the set.
When we have non-identity Guest-Host PASID mapping, Subset ID is
the Guest PASID but in more general terms. Or call it "Set Private ID"

This can be confusing, perhaps I rephrase it as:
"XArray to store ioasid_set private ID to system-wide IOASID mapping"


> > + * @size: Max number of IOASIDs can be allocated within the
> > set
>
> 'size' reads more like 'current size' instead of 'max size'. maybe
> call it 'max_ioasids' to align with 'nr_ioasids'? or simplify both as
> 'max' and 'nr'?
>
Right, how about max_id and nr_id?

> > + * @nr_ioasids Number of IOASIDs allocated in the set
> > + * @sid ID of the set
> > + */
> > +struct ioasid_set_data {
> > + struct ioasid_set *token;
> > + struct xarray xa;
> > + int size;
> > + int nr_ioasids;
> > + int sid;
> > + struct rcu_head rcu;
> > +};
> > +
> > struct ioasid_data {
> > ioasid_t id;
> > struct ioasid_set *set;
> > @@ -388,6 +407,111 @@ void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
> >
> > /**
> > + * ioasid_alloc_set - Allocate a set of IOASIDs
>
> 'a set of IOASIDS' sounds like 'many IOASIDs'. Just saying 'allocate
> an IOASID set' is more clear. 😊
>
Make sense

> > + * @token: Unique token of the IOASID set
> > + * @quota: Quota allowed in this set
> > + * @sid: IOASID set ID to be assigned
> > + *
> > + * Return 0 upon success. Token will be stored internally for
> > lookup,
> > + * IOASID allocation within the set and other per set operations
> > will use
> > + * the @sid assigned.
> > + *
> > + */
> > +int ioasid_alloc_set(struct ioasid_set *token, ioasid_t quota, int
> > *sid) +{
> > + struct ioasid_set_data *sdata;
> > + ioasid_t id;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + if (quota > ioasid_capacity_avail) {
> > + pr_warn("Out of IOASID capacity! ask %d, avail
> > %d\n",
> > + quota, ioasid_capacity_avail);
> > + return -ENOSPC;
> > + }
> > +
> > + sdata = kzalloc(sizeof(*sdata), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!sdata)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +
> > + ret = xa_alloc(&ioasid_sets, &id, sdata,
> > + XA_LIMIT(0, ioasid_capacity_avail - quota),
> > + GFP_KERNEL);
>
> Interestingly I didn't find the definition of ioasid_sets. and it is
> not in existing file.
>
It is at the beginning of this file
+static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_sets);

> I'm not sure how many sets can be created, but anyway the set
> namespace is different from ioasid name space. Then why do we
> use ioasid capability as the limitation for allocating set id here?
>
I am assuming the worst case scenario which is one IOASID per set, that
is why the number of sets are limited by the number of system IOASIDs.

> > + if (ret) {
> > + kfree(sdata);
> > + goto error;
> > + }
> > +
> > + sdata->token = token;
>
> given token must be unique, a check on any conflict is required here?
>
Right, I will add a check to reject duplicated tokens.

/* Search existing set tokens, reject duplicates */
xa_for_each(&ioasid_sets, index, sdata) {
if (sdata->token == token) {
pr_warn("Token already exists in the set %lu\n", index);
ret = -EEXIST;
goto error;
}
}



> > + sdata->size = quota;
> > + sdata->sid = id;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Set Xarray is used to store IDs within the set, get
> > ready for
> > + * sub-set ID and system-wide IOASID allocation results.
>
> looks 'subset' is the same thing as 'set'. let's make it consistent.
>
Sounds good, will also rename subset ID to set private ID.

> > + */
> > + xa_init_flags(&sdata->xa, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC);
> > +
> > + ioasid_capacity_avail -= quota;
> > + *sid = id;
> > +
> > +error:
> > + spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc_set);
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * ioasid_free_set - Free all IOASIDs within the set
> > + *
> > + * @sid: The IOASID set ID to be freed
> > + * @destroy_set: Whether to keep the set for further
> > allocation.
> > + * If true, the set will be destroyed.
> > + *
> > + * All IOASIDs allocated within the set will be freed upon return.
> > + */
> > +void ioasid_free_set(int sid, bool destroy_set)
> > +{
>
> what is the actual usage of just freeing ioasid while keeping the
> set itself?
>
I was thinking users use mm as token can retain the ioasid_set until
mm being destroyed. This is to support some kind of lazy free.

> > + struct ioasid_set_data *sdata;
> > + struct ioasid_data *entry;
> > + unsigned long index;
> > +
> > + spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + sdata = xa_load(&ioasid_sets, sid);
> > + if (!sdata) {
> > + pr_err("No IOASID set found to free %d\n", sid);
> > + goto done_unlock;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (xa_empty(&sdata->xa)) {
> > + pr_warn("No IOASIDs in the set %d\n", sdata->sid);
> > + goto done_destroy;
> > + }
>
> why is it a warning condition? it is possible that an user has done
> ioasid_free for all allocated ioasids and then call this function,
> which is actually the expected normal situation.
>
You are right, there is no need to warn. I will put the following
comment in place.
/* The set is already empty, we just destroy the set if requested */
if (xa_empty(&sdata->xa))
goto done_destroy;
> > +
> > + /* Just a place holder for now */
> > + xa_for_each(&sdata->xa, index, entry) {
> > + /* Free from per sub-set pool */
> > + xa_erase(&sdata->xa, index);
> > + }
>
> but the placeholder would lead to undesired behavior, not good for
> bisect. If no support now, then should return an error if any in-use
> ioasid is not freed.
>
Good point, I will return -ENOTSUPP in the place holder. Remove it
during the API conversion.

> > +
> > +done_destroy:
> > + if (destroy_set) {
> > + xa_erase(&ioasid_sets, sid);
> > +
> > + /* Return the quota back to system pool */
> > + ioasid_capacity_avail += sdata->size;
> > + kfree_rcu(sdata, rcu);
> > + }
> > +
> > +done_unlock:
> > + spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free_set);
> > +
> > +
> > +/**
> > * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
> > * @set: the IOASID set
> > * @ioasid: the IOASID to find
> > @@ -431,6 +555,29 @@ void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set,
> > ioasid_t ioasid,
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_find);
> >
> > +/**
> > + * ioasid_find_sid - Retrieve IOASID set ID from an ioasid
> > + * Caller must hold a reference to the set.
>
> please unify capitalization around IOASID or ioasid.
>
Will do.

> Thanks
> Kevin
>
> > + *
> > + * @ioasid: IOASID associated with the set
> > + *
> > + * Return IOASID set ID or error
> > + */
> > +int ioasid_find_sid(ioasid_t ioasid)
> > +{
> > + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + spin_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + ioasid_data = xa_load(&active_allocator->xa, ioasid);
> > + ret = (ioasid_data) ? ioasid_data->sdata->sid : -ENOENT;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_find_sid);
> > +
> > MODULE_AUTHOR("Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-
> > philippe.brucker@arm.com>");
> > MODULE_AUTHOR("Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>");
> > MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IO Address Space ID (IOASID) allocator");
> > diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> > index 9711fa0dc357..be158e03c034 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> > @@ -41,6 +41,9 @@ int ioasid_register_allocator(struct
> > ioasid_allocator_ops *allocator);
> > void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator_ops
> > *allocator); int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
> > void ioasid_install_capacity(ioasid_t total);
> > +int ioasid_alloc_set(struct ioasid_set *token, ioasid_t quota, int
> > *sid); +void ioasid_free_set(int sid, bool destroy_set);
> > +int ioasid_find_sid(ioasid_t ioasid);
> > #else /* !CONFIG_IOASID */
> > static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set,
> > ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max, void *private)
> > @@ -52,6 +55,15 @@ static inline void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> > {
> > }
> >
> > +static inline int ioasid_alloc_set(struct ioasid_set *token,
> > ioasid_t quota, int *sid)
> > +{
> > + return -ENOTSUPP;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline void ioasid_free_set(int sid, bool destroy_set)
> > +{
> > +}
> > +
> > static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t
> > ioasid, bool (*getter)(void *))
> > {
> > @@ -75,5 +87,6 @@ static inline int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t
> > ioasid, void *data)
> > static inline void ioasid_install_capacity(ioasid_t total)
> > {
> > }
> > +
> > #endif /* CONFIG_IOASID */
> > #endif /* __LINUX_IOASID_H */
> > --
> > 2.7.4
>

[Jacob Pan]

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