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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/3] media: rcar-vin: Add support for MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8 format
Hi Niklas,

On Thu, Mar 19, 2020 at 3:03 PM Niklas <niklas.soderlund@ragnatech.se> wrote:
>
> Hi Prabhakar,
>
> Thanks for the sample files, sorry I did not have time before now to
> look at them. After doing so I believe I know what is wrong, see bellow.
>
> On 2020-03-15 19:35:58 +0000, Lad, Prabhakar wrote:
> > Hi Niklas,
> >
> > On Tue, Mar 10, 2020 at 2:06 PM Niklas <niklas.soderlund@ragnatech.se> wrote:
> > >
> > > Hi Lad,
> > >
> > > On 2020-03-10 13:42:20 +0000, Prabhakar Mahadev Lad wrote:
> > > > Hi Niklas,
> > > >
> > > > Thank for the review.
> > > >
> > > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > > From: Niklas <niklas.soderlund@ragnatech.se>
> > > > > Sent: 10 March 2020 12:46
> > > > > To: Prabhakar Mahadev Lad <prabhakar.mahadev-lad.rj@bp.renesas.com>
> > > > > Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>; linux-
> > > > > media@vger.kernel.org; linux-renesas-soc@vger.kernel.org; linux-
> > > > > kernel@vger.kernel.org; Lad Prabhakar <prabhakar.csengg@gmail.com>
> > > > > Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/3] media: rcar-vin: Add support for
> > > > > MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8 format
> > > > >
> > > > > Hi Lad,
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks for your work.
> > > > >
> > > > > On 2020-03-10 11:06:03 +0000, Lad Prabhakar wrote:
> > > > > > Add support for MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8 format in rcar-vin by
> > > > > setting
> > > > > > format type to RAW8 in VNMC register and appropriately setting the
> > > > > > bpp, bytesperline to enable V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Lad Prabhakar <prabhakar.mahadev-
> > > > > lad.rj@bp.renesas.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > > drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-core.c | 1 +
> > > > > > drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-dma.c | 9 ++++++++-
> > > > > > drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-v4l2.c | 13 ++++++++++++-
> > > > > > 3 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-core.c
> > > > > > b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-core.c
> > > > > > index 7440c89..76daf2f 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-core.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-core.c
> > > > > > @@ -469,6 +469,7 @@ static int rvin_parallel_subdevice_attach(struct
> > > > > rvin_dev *vin,
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8:
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY10_2X10:
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X24:
> > > > > > +case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8:
> > > > > > vin->mbus_code = code.code;
> > > > > > vin_dbg(vin, "Found media bus format for %s: %d\n",
> > > > > > subdev->name, vin->mbus_code);
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-dma.c
> > > > > > b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-dma.c
> > > > > > index 1a30cd0..1c1fafa 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-dma.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-dma.c
> > > > > > @@ -85,6 +85,7 @@
> > > > > > #define VNMC_INF_YUV8_BT601(1 << 16)
> > > > > > #define VNMC_INF_YUV10_BT656(2 << 16)
> > > > > > #define VNMC_INF_YUV10_BT601(3 << 16)
> > > > > > +#define VNMC_INF_RAW8(4 << 16)
> > > > > > #define VNMC_INF_YUV16(5 << 16)
> > > > > > #define VNMC_INF_RGB888(6 << 16)
> > > > > > #define VNMC_VUP(1 << 10)
> > > > > > @@ -587,7 +588,6 @@ void rvin_crop_scale_comp(struct rvin_dev *vin)
> > > > > > rvin_write(vin, vin->crop.top, VNSLPRC_REG);
> > > > > > rvin_write(vin, vin->crop.top + vin->crop.height - 1, VNELPRC_REG);
> > > > > >
> > > > > > -
> > > > > > /* TODO: Add support for the UDS scaler. */
> > > > > > if (vin->info->model != RCAR_GEN3)
> > > > > > rvin_crop_scale_comp_gen2(vin);
> > > > > > @@ -676,6 +676,9 @@ static int rvin_setup(struct rvin_dev *vin)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > input_is_yuv = true;
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > +case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8:
> > > > > > +vnmc |= VNMC_INF_RAW8;
> > > > > > +break;
> > > > > > default:
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > }
> > > > > > @@ -737,6 +740,9 @@ static int rvin_setup(struct rvin_dev *vin)
> > > > > > case V4L2_PIX_FMT_ABGR32:
> > > > > > dmr = VNDMR_A8BIT(vin->alpha) | VNDMR_EXRGB |
> > > > > VNDMR_DTMD_ARGB;
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > +case V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8:
> > > > > > +dmr = 0;
> > > > > > +break;
> > > > > > default:
> > > > > > vin_err(vin, "Invalid pixelformat (0x%x)\n",
> > > > > > vin->format.pixelformat);
> > > > > > @@ -1110,6 +1116,7 @@ static int rvin_mc_validate_format(struct
> > > > > rvin_dev *vin, struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY8_2X8:
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_UYVY10_2X10:
> > > > > > case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X24:
> > > > > > +case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB8_1X8:
> > > > > > vin->mbus_code = fmt.format.code;
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > default:
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-v4l2.c
> > > > > > b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-v4l2.c
> > > > > > index 5151a3c..4698099 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-v4l2.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/media/platform/rcar-vin/rcar-v4l2.c
> > > > > > @@ -66,6 +66,10 @@ static const struct rvin_video_format rvin_formats[]
> > > > > = {
> > > > > > .fourcc= V4L2_PIX_FMT_ABGR32,
> > > > > > .bpp= 4,
> > > > > > },
> > > > > > +{
> > > > > > +.fourcc= V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8,
> > > > > > +.bpp= 2,
> > > > >
> > > > > This does not look right, is not bytes-per-pixel 1 for a SRGGB8?
> > > > >
> > > > I guessed the bpp's were picked from VnIS table as I result I did the same.
> > > >
> > > > > > +},
> > > > > > };
> > > > > >
> > > > > > const struct rvin_video_format *rvin_format_from_pixel(struct
> > > > > > rvin_dev *vin, @@ -102,6 +106,7 @@ static u32
> > > > > > rvin_format_bytesperline(struct rvin_dev *vin, {
> > > > > > const struct rvin_video_format *fmt;
> > > > > > u32 align;
> > > > > > +u8 div;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > fmt = rvin_format_from_pixel(vin, pix->pixelformat);
> > > > > >
> > > > > > @@ -112,16 +117,22 @@ static u32 rvin_format_bytesperline(struct
> > > > > rvin_dev *vin,
> > > > > > case V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV12:
> > > > > > case V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV16:
> > > > > > align = 0x20;
> > > > > > +div = 1;
> > > > > > +break;
> > > > > > +case V4L2_PIX_FMT_SRGGB8:
> > > > > > +align = 0x10;
> > > > > > +div = 2;
> > > > >
> > > > > Yes this does not look right at all, I think you should set bpp to 1 and drop the
> > > > > div handling here.
> > > > >
> > > > If I set bpp as 1 and drop the div VNIS_REG will be wrongly configured in
> > > > rvin_crop_scale_comp() and the image captured will be wrong.
> > > >
> > > > For example for 640x480:
> > > >
> > > > With the current patch bpp = 2:
> > > > bytesperline = 640
> > >
> > > This is wrong, if we have a line of 640 pixels and 2 bytes per pixel
> > > then bytesperline must be at least 1280 bytes right?
> > >
> > > > image size = 307200
> > > > stride = 320
> > >
> > > But this is incorrect, the VNIS_REG shall be at least the number of
> > > pixels in a line (EPPrC - SPPrC -> 640 - 0 = 640). Then we need to align
> > > it to the pixel unit (16, 32, 64, 128) depending on the output pixel
> > > format.
> > >
> > > This usually result in a stride that is larger then the line length.
> > > Thus you need a test application that knows the difference between width
> > > * bpp and bytesperline. I use qv4l2 without opengl support when I do quick
> > > tests and it does not support this hence I get a incorrect visual view
> > > of the stream when testing.
> > >
> > > How does the image capture fail with bpp = 1?
> > >
> > Attached is the captured bayer images 640x480 with bpp set to 1, for
> > file1bppstridediv1.raw
> > VNIS_REG stride set to 640 and for file file1bppstridediv2.raw
> > VNIS_REF stride set to (640 * 1) / 2.
> > When the file1bppstridediv1.raw image is converted to png colors are incorrect
> > but whereas file1bppstridediv2.raw converted to png the picture is clear.
> >
> > Also while doing a loop-back to fbdevsink with the below pipeline:
> > gst-launch-1.0 -vvv v4l2src device=/dev/video0 io-mode=dmabuf ! 'video/x-bayer,
> > format=rggb,width=640,height=480,framerate=30/1' ! queue ! bayer2rgb !
> > videoconvert
> > ! fbdevsink sync=false
> >
> > width = 640 height = 480 bpp = 1, bytesperline = 640 stride = 320
> > works correctly
> > width = 640 height = 480 bpp = 1, bytesperline = 640 stride = 640
> > image displayed is incorrect
>
> It's very unlogical to have a stride that is less then the width, which
> got me interested why the second one gave you better results. I wrote a
> small python hack which converts the raw SRGGB8 to PNG without any
> debyaer, just rows of RGRGRG and BGBGBG.
>
Finally I have some information from the hardware team, the VIN process RAW8
in 2 pixel units as a result the stride for RAW8 needs to be
configured as bytesperline/2.

The python script which you attached doesn't seem to do the right
conversion. I discovered
that Shotwell Viewer on Ubuntu can open raw files. I also confirmed
this by bayer2rg [1]

# ./bayer2rgb --input=file1bppstridediv1.raw --output=file1.tiff
--width=640 --height=480 --bpp=8 --first=RGGB --method=BILINEAR --tiff
# ./bayer2rgb --input=file1bppstridediv2.raw --output=file2.tiff
--width=640 --height=480 --bpp=8 --first=RGGB --method=BILINEAR --tiff

# convert file1.tiff file1bppstridediv1.png
# convert file2.tiff file1bppstridediv2.png

Attached are the png images for reference.

> Looking at the output of that seems your sensor is not sending frames of
> 640x480 but 480x640. Both the raw files you sent have holes in them.
> The first line is always 480 pixels of data and then there are sections
> of no data, followed by good data. Some rows are chopped and some have
> their 480 bytes of good data on the "left" and some on the "right" side
> of the frame.
>
I can confirm the sensor is sending 640x480 as the support for same
was added recently in IMX219 driver
and was was tested on raspi by the maintainer.

[1] https://github.com/jdthomas/bayer2rgb

Cheers,
--Prabhakar

> So for rcar-vin I think the following settings are what you want,
>
> width = 480 height = 640 bpp = 1, bytesperline = 480* stride = 480
> * = I have not checked if this fits with alignment for VNIS
>
> I have attached the python hack and the two generated png files from
> your raw files so you can play with them yourself.
>
> >
> > Cheers,
> > --Prabhakar
> >
> > > >
> > > > And with bpp = 1 and div removed
> > > > bytesperline = 640
> > > > image size = 307200
> > > > stride = 640
> > >
> > >
> > > >
> > > > Cheers,
> > > > --Prabhakar
> > > >
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > default:
> > > > > > align = 0x10;
> > > > > > +div = 1;
> > > > > > break;
> > > > > > }
> > > > > >
> > > > > > if (V4L2_FIELD_IS_SEQUENTIAL(pix->field))
> > > > > > align = 0x80;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > -return ALIGN(pix->width, align) * fmt->bpp;
> > > > > > +return ALIGN(pix->width / div, align) * fmt->bpp;
> > > > > > }
> > > > > >
> > > > > > static u32 rvin_format_sizeimage(struct v4l2_pix_format *pix)
> > > > > > --
> > > > > > 2.7.4
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > --
> > > > > Regards,
> > > > > Niklas Söderlund
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > Renesas Electronics Europe GmbH, Geschaeftsfuehrer/President: Carsten Jauch, Sitz der Gesellschaft/Registered office: Duesseldorf, Arcadiastrasse 10, 40472 Duesseldorf, Germany, Handelsregister/Commercial Register: Duesseldorf, HRB 3708 USt-IDNr./Tax identification no.: DE 119353406 WEEE-Reg.-Nr./WEEE reg. no.: DE 14978647
> > >
> > > --
> > > Regards,
> > > Niklas Söderlund
>
>
>
>
> --
> Regards,
> Niklas Söderlund
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