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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 03/21] list: Annotate lockless list primitives with data_race()
On Tue, 24 Mar 2020 at 16:37, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> Some list predicates can be used locklessly even with the non-RCU list
> implementations, since they effectively boil down to a test against
> NULL. For example, checking whether or not a list is empty is safe even
> in the presence of a concurrent, tearing write to the list head pointer.
> Similarly, checking whether or not an hlist node has been hashed is safe
> as well.
>
> Annotate these lockless list predicates with data_race() and READ_ONCE()
> so that KCSAN and the compiler are aware of what's going on. The writer
> side can then avoid having to use WRITE_ONCE() in the non-RCU
> implementation.
>
> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> ---
> include/linux/list.h | 10 +++++-----
> include/linux/list_bl.h | 5 +++--
> include/linux/list_nulls.h | 6 +++---
> include/linux/llist.h | 2 +-
> 4 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/list.h b/include/linux/list.h
> index 4fed5a0f9b77..4d9f5f9ed1a8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/list.h
> +++ b/include/linux/list.h
> @@ -279,7 +279,7 @@ static inline int list_is_last(const struct list_head *list,
> */
> static inline int list_empty(const struct list_head *head)
> {
> - return READ_ONCE(head->next) == head;
> + return data_race(READ_ONCE(head->next) == head);

Double-marking should never be necessary, at least if you want to make
KCSAN happy. From what I gather there is an unmarked write somewhere,
correct? In that case, KCSAN will still complain because if it sees a
race between this read and the other write, then at least one is still
plain (the write).

Then, my suggestion would be to mark the write with data_race() and
just leave this as a READ_ONCE(). Having a data_race() somewhere only
makes KCSAN stop reporting the race if the paired access is also
marked (be it with data_race() or _ONCE, etc.).

Alternatively, if marking the write is impossible, you can surround
the access with kcsan_disable_current()/kcsan_enable_current(). Or, as
a last resort, just leaving as-is is fine too, because KCSAN's default
config (still) has KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC selected.

Thanks,
-- Marco

> }
>
> /**
> @@ -524,7 +524,7 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
> */
> #define list_first_entry_or_null(ptr, type, member) ({ \
> struct list_head *head__ = (ptr); \
> - struct list_head *pos__ = READ_ONCE(head__->next); \
> + struct list_head *pos__ = data_race(READ_ONCE(head__->next)); \
> pos__ != head__ ? list_entry(pos__, type, member) : NULL; \
> })
>
> @@ -772,13 +772,13 @@ static inline void INIT_HLIST_NODE(struct hlist_node *h)
> * hlist_unhashed - Has node been removed from list and reinitialized?
> * @h: Node to be checked
> *
> - * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed
> + * Note that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed
> * state. For example, hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu() does leave the
> * node in unhashed state, but hlist_nulls_del() does not.
> */
> static inline int hlist_unhashed(const struct hlist_node *h)
> {
> - return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev);
> + return data_race(!READ_ONCE(h->pprev));
> }
>
> /**
> @@ -787,7 +787,7 @@ static inline int hlist_unhashed(const struct hlist_node *h)
> */
> static inline int hlist_empty(const struct hlist_head *h)
> {
> - return !READ_ONCE(h->first);
> + return data_race(!READ_ONCE(h->first));
> }
>
> static inline void __hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n)
> diff --git a/include/linux/list_bl.h b/include/linux/list_bl.h
> index ae1b541446c9..1804fdb84dda 100644
> --- a/include/linux/list_bl.h
> +++ b/include/linux/list_bl.h
> @@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ static inline void INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(struct hlist_bl_node *h)
>
> static inline bool hlist_bl_unhashed(const struct hlist_bl_node *h)
> {
> - return !h->pprev;
> + return data_race(!READ_ONCE(h->pprev));
> }
>
> static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first(struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> @@ -71,7 +71,8 @@ static inline void hlist_bl_set_first(struct hlist_bl_head *h,
>
> static inline bool hlist_bl_empty(const struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> {
> - return !((unsigned long)READ_ONCE(h->first) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK);
> + unsigned long first = data_race((unsigned long)READ_ONCE(h->first));
> + return !(first & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK);
> }
>
> static inline void hlist_bl_add_head(struct hlist_bl_node *n,
> diff --git a/include/linux/list_nulls.h b/include/linux/list_nulls.h
> index 3a9ff01e9a11..fa51a801bf32 100644
> --- a/include/linux/list_nulls.h
> +++ b/include/linux/list_nulls.h
> @@ -60,18 +60,18 @@ static inline unsigned long get_nulls_value(const struct hlist_nulls_node *ptr)
> * hlist_nulls_unhashed - Has node been removed and reinitialized?
> * @h: Node to be checked
> *
> - * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed state.
> + * Note that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed state.
> * For example, hlist_del_init_rcu() leaves the node in unhashed state,
> * but hlist_nulls_del() does not.
> */
> static inline int hlist_nulls_unhashed(const struct hlist_nulls_node *h)
> {
> - return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev);
> + return data_race(!READ_ONCE(h->pprev));
> }
>
> static inline int hlist_nulls_empty(const struct hlist_nulls_head *h)
> {
> - return is_a_nulls(READ_ONCE(h->first));
> + return data_race(is_a_nulls(READ_ONCE(h->first)));
> }
>
> static inline void hlist_nulls_add_head(struct hlist_nulls_node *n,
> diff --git a/include/linux/llist.h b/include/linux/llist.h
> index 2e9c7215882b..c7f042b73899 100644
> --- a/include/linux/llist.h
> +++ b/include/linux/llist.h
> @@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ static inline void init_llist_head(struct llist_head *list)
> */
> static inline bool llist_empty(const struct llist_head *head)
> {
> - return READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL;
> + return data_race(READ_ONCE(head->first) == NULL);
> }
>
> static inline struct llist_node *llist_next(struct llist_node *node)
> --
> 2.20.1
>

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