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SubjectRe: [PATCH v28 21/22] x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call
On 3/17/2020 9:50 AM, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 16, 2020 at 8:18 PM Xing, Cedric <> wrote:
>> On 3/16/2020 4:59 PM, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>>> On Mon, Mar 16, 2020 at 04:50:26PM -0700, Xing, Cedric wrote:
>>>> On 3/16/2020 3:53 PM, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>>>>> On Mon, Mar 16, 2020 at 11:38:24PM +0200, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
>>>>>>> My suggestions explicitly maintained robustness, and in fact increased
>>>>>>> it. If you think we've lost capability, please speak with specificity
>>>>>>> rather than in vague generalities. Under my suggestions we can:
>>>>>>> 1. call the vDSO from C
>>>>>>> 2. pass context to the handler
>>>>>>> 3. have additional stack manipulation options in the handler
>>>>>>> The cost for this is a net 2 additional instructions. No existing
>>>>>>> capability is lost.
>>>>>> My vague generality in this case is just that the whole design
>>>>>> approach so far has been to minimize the amount of wrapping to
>>>>>> EENTER.
>>>>> Yes and no. If we wanted to minimize the amount of wrapping around the
>>>>> vDSO's ENCLU then we wouldn't have the exit handler shenanigans in the
>>>>> first place. The whole process has been about balancing the wants of each
>>>>> use case against the overall quality of the API and code.
>>>> The design of this vDSO API was NOT to minimize wrapping, but to allow
>>>> maximal flexibility. More specifically, we strove not to restrict how info
>>>> was exchanged between the enclave and its host process. After all, calling
>>>> convention is compiler specific - i.e. the enclave could be built by a
>>>> different compiler (e.g. MSVC) that doesn't share the same list of CSRs as
>>>> the host process. Therefore, the API has been implemented to pass through
>>>> virtually all registers except those used by EENTER itself. Similarly, all
>>>> registers are passed back from enclave to the caller (or the exit handler)
>>>> except those used by EEXIT. %rbp is an exception because the vDSO API has to
>>>> anchor the stack, using either %rsp or %rbp. We picked %rbp to allow the
>>>> enclave to allocate space on the stack.
>>> And unless I'm missing something, using %rcx to pass @leaf would still
>>> satisfy the above, correct? Ditto for saving/restoring %rbx.
>>> I.e. a runtime that's designed to work with enclave's using a different
>>> calling convention wouldn't be able to take advantage of being able to call
>>> the vDSO from C, but neither would it take on any meaningful burden.
>> Not exactly.
>> If called directly from C code, the caller would expect CSRs to be
>> preserved.
> Correct. This requires collaboration between the caller of the vDSO
> and the enclave.
>> Then who should preserve CSRs?
> The enclave.
>> It can't be the enclave
>> because it may not follow the same calling convention.
> This is incorrect. You are presuming there is not tight integration
> between the caller of the vDSO and the enclave. In my case, the
> integration is total and complete. We have working code today that
> does this.
>> Moreover, the
>> enclave may run into an exception, in which case it doesn't have the
>> ability to restore CSRs.
> There are two solutions to this:
> 1. Write the handler in assembly and don't return to C on AEX.
> 2. The caller can simply preserve the registers. Nothing stops that.
> We have implemented #1.
What if the enclave cannot proceed due to an unhandled exception so the
execution has to get back to the C caller of the vDSO API?

It seems to me the caller has to preserve CSRs by itself, otherwise it
cannot continue execution after any enclave exception. Passing @leaf in
%ecx will allow saving/restoring CSRs in C by setjmp()/longjmp(), with
the help of an exit handler. But if the C caller has already preserved
CSRs, why preserve CSRs again inside the enclave? It looks to me things
can be simplified only if the host process handles no enclave exceptions
(or exceptions inside the enclave will crash the calling thread). Thus
the only case of enclave EEXIT'ing back to its caller is considered
valid, hence the enclave will always be able to restore CSRs, so that
neither vDSO nor its caller has to preserve CSRs.

Is my understanding correct?

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