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Subject[PATCH v2] spi: spi-geni-qcom: Speculative fix of "nobody cared" about interrupt
Every once in a while (like once in a few months on a device) people
have seen warnings on devices using spi-geni-qcom like:

irq ...: nobody cared (try booting with the "irqpoll" option)

...where the interrupt number listed matches up with "spi_geni" in

You can get "nobody cared" if the interrupt handler returns IRQ_NONE.
Once you get into this state the driver will just stop working.

Auditing the code makes me believe that it's probably not so good
checking "cur_mcmd" in the interrupt handler not under spinlock.
Let's move it to be under spinlock. Looking more closely at the code,
it looks as if there are some other places that could be under
spinlock, so let's add. It looks as if the original code was assuming
that by the time that the interrupt handler got called that the write
to "cur_mcmd" (to make it not CMD_NONE anymore) would make it to the
processor handling the interrupt. Perhaps with weakly ordered memory
this sometimes (though very rarely) happened.

Let's also add a warning (with the IRQ status) in the case that we
ever end up getting an interrupt when we think we shouldn't. This
would give us a better chance to debug if this patch doesn't help the
issue. We'll also try our best to clear the interrupt to hopefully
get us out of this state.

Patch is marked "speculative" because I have no way to reproduce this
problem, so I'm just hoping this fixes it. Weakly ordered memory
makes my brain hurt.

Fixes: 561de45f72bd ("spi: spi-geni-qcom: Add SPI driver support for GENI based QUP")
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <>

Changes in v2:
- Detect true spurious interrupt.
- Still return IRQ_NONE for state machine mismatch, but print warn.

drivers/spi/spi-geni-qcom.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-geni-qcom.c b/drivers/spi/spi-geni-qcom.c
index c3972424af71..92e51ccb427f 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/spi-geni-qcom.c
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-geni-qcom.c
@@ -151,16 +151,19 @@ static void spi_geni_set_cs(struct spi_device *slv, bool set_flag)
struct geni_se *se = &mas->se;
unsigned long time_left;

- reinit_completion(&mas->xfer_done);
if (!(slv->mode & SPI_CS_HIGH))
set_flag = !set_flag;

+ spin_lock_irq(&mas->lock);
+ reinit_completion(&mas->xfer_done);
mas->cur_mcmd = CMD_CS;
if (set_flag)
geni_se_setup_m_cmd(se, SPI_CS_ASSERT, 0);
geni_se_setup_m_cmd(se, SPI_CS_DEASSERT, 0);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&mas->lock);

time_left = wait_for_completion_timeout(&mas->xfer_done, HZ);
if (!time_left)
@@ -307,6 +310,8 @@ static void setup_fifo_xfer(struct spi_transfer *xfer,
u32 spi_tx_cfg, len;
struct geni_se *se = &mas->se;

+ spin_lock_irq(&mas->lock);
spi_tx_cfg = readl(se->base + SE_SPI_TRANS_CFG);
if (xfer->bits_per_word != mas->cur_bits_per_word) {
spi_setup_word_len(mas, mode, xfer->bits_per_word);
@@ -376,6 +381,8 @@ static void setup_fifo_xfer(struct spi_transfer *xfer,
if (m_cmd & SPI_TX_ONLY)
writel(mas->tx_wm, se->base + SE_GENI_TX_WATERMARK_REG);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&mas->lock);

static int spi_geni_transfer_one(struct spi_master *spi,
@@ -478,13 +485,29 @@ static irqreturn_t geni_spi_isr(int irq, void *data)
struct geni_se *se = &mas->se;
u32 m_irq;
unsigned long flags;
- if (mas->cur_mcmd == CMD_NONE)
- return IRQ_NONE;
+ irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_HANDLED;

spin_lock_irqsave(&mas->lock, flags);
m_irq = readl(se->base + SE_GENI_M_IRQ_STATUS);

+ /* Check for spurious interrupt */
+ if (!m_irq) {
+ ret = IRQ_NONE;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+ /*
+ * If we got a real interrupt but software state machine thinks
+ * we were idle then give a warning. We'll do our best to clear
+ * the interrupt but we'll still return IRQ_NONE. If this keeps
+ * happening the system will eventually disable us.
+ */
+ if (mas->cur_mcmd == CMD_NONE) {
+ pr_warn("Unexpected SPI interrupt: %#010x\n", m_irq);
+ ret = IRQ_NONE;
+ goto exit;
+ }
if ((m_irq & M_RX_FIFO_WATERMARK_EN) || (m_irq & M_RX_FIFO_LAST_EN))

@@ -523,9 +546,11 @@ static irqreturn_t geni_spi_isr(int irq, void *data)

writel(m_irq, se->base + SE_GENI_M_IRQ_CLEAR);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&mas->lock, flags);
- return IRQ_HANDLED;
+ return ret;

static int spi_geni_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
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