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SubjectRe: [PATCH] UML: add support for KASAN under x86_64
On Wed, Mar 11, 2020 at 12:19 PM Johannes Berg
<johannes@sipsolutions.net> wrote:
>
> On Wed, 2020-03-11 at 11:32 +0100, Johannes Berg wrote:
> >
> > I do see issues with modules though, e.g.
> > https://p.sipsolutions.net/1a2df5f65d885937.txt
> >
> > where we seem to get some real confusion when lockdep is storing the
> > stack trace??
> >
> > And https://p.sipsolutions.net/9a97e8f68d8d24b7.txt, where something
> > convinces ASAN that an address is a user address (it might even be
> > right?) and it disallows kernel access to it?
>
> I can work around both of these by not freeing the original module copy
> in kernel/module.c:
>
> /* Get rid of temporary copy. */
> // free_copy(info);
>
> but I really have no idea why we get this in the first place?
>
> Another interesting data point is that it never happens on the first
> module.
>
> Also, I've managed to get a report like this:
>
> Memory state around the buggy address:
> 000000007106cf00: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
> 000000007106cf80: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
> >000000007106d000: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
> ^
> 000000007106d080: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
> 000000007106d100: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b
>
>
> which indicates that something's _really_ off with the KASAN shadow?
>
>
> Ohhh ...
>
> $ gdb -p ...
> (gdb) p/x task_size
> $1 = 0x7fc0000000
> (gdb) p/x __end_of_fixed_addresses
> $2 = 0x0
> (gdb) p/x end_iomem
> $3 = 0x70000000
> (gdb) p/x __va_space
>
> #define TASK_SIZE (task_size)
> #define FIXADDR_TOP (TASK_SIZE - 2 * PAGE_SIZE)
>
> #define FIXADDR_START (FIXADDR_TOP - FIXADDR_SIZE)
> #define FIXADDR_SIZE (__end_of_fixed_addresses << PAGE_SHIFT)
>
> #define VMALLOC_END (FIXADDR_START-2*PAGE_SIZE)
>
> #define MODULES_VADDR VMALLOC_START
> #define MODULES_END VMALLOC_END
> #define VMALLOC_START ((end_iomem + VMALLOC_OFFSET) & ~(VMALLOC_OFFSET-1))
> #define VMALLOC_OFFSET (__va_space)
> #define __va_space (8*1024*1024)
>
>
> So from that, it would look like the UML vmalloc area is from
> 0x 70800000 all the way to
> 0x7fbfffc000, which obviously clashes with the KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET being
> just 0x7fff8000.
>
>
> I'm guessing that basically the module loading overwrote the kasan
> shadow then?

Well, ok, this is definitely not going to fly :)

I don't know if it's easy to move modules to a different location. It
would be nice because 0x7fbfffc000 is the shadow start that's used in
userspace asan and it allows to faster instrumentation (if offset is
within first 2 gigs, the instruction encoding is much more compact,
for >2gigs it will require several instructions).
But if it's not really easy, I guess we go with a large shadow start
(at least initially). A slower but working KASAN is better than fast
non-working KASAN :)

> I tried changing it
>
> config KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET
> hex
> depends on KASAN
> - default 0x7fff8000
> + default 0x8000000000
>
>
> and also put a check in like this:
>
> +++ b/arch/um/kernel/um_arch.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task.h>
> #include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
> +#include <linux/kasan.h>
>
> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> #include <asm/processor.h>
> @@ -267,9 +268,11 @@ int __init linux_main(int argc, char **argv)
> /*
> * TASK_SIZE needs to be PGDIR_SIZE aligned or else exit_mmap craps
> * out
> */
> task_size = host_task_size & PGDIR_MASK;
>
> + if (task_size > KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET)
> + panic("KASAN shadow offset must be bigger than task size");
>
>
> but now I just crash accessing the shadow even though it was mapped fine?

Yes, this is puzzling.
I noticed that RIP is the same in both cases and it relates to vmap code.
A support for shadow for vmalloced-memory was added to KASAN recently
and I suspect it may conflict with UML.
See:
https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.6-rc5/ident/kasan_populate_vmalloc

I think we simply don't need any of that because we already mapped
shadow for all potentially used memory.
A simple thing to try is to disable CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC. If it fixes
the problem, we need to either force-disable CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC
under UML or return early from these functions.

What does pte-manipulation code even do under UML?

Looking at the code around, kasan_mem_notifier may be a problem too,
or at least excessive and confusing. We already have shadow for
everything, we don't need _any_ of dynamic/lazy shadow mapping.


> Pid: 504, comm: modprobe Tainted: G O 5.5.0-rc6-00009-g09462ab4014b-dirty
> RIP:
> RSP: 000000006d68fa90 EFLAGS: 00010202
> RAX: 000000800e0210cd RBX: 000000007010866f RCX: 00000000601a9777
> RDX: 000000800e0210ce RSI: 0000000000000004 RDI: 000000007010866c
> RBP: 000000006d68faa0 R08: 000000800e0210cd R09: 0000000060041432
> R10: 000000800e0210ce R11: 0000000000000001 R12: 000000800e0210cd
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000001 R15: 00000000601c2e82
> Kernel panic - not syncing: Kernel mode fault at addr 0x800e0210cd, ip 0x601c332b
> CPU: 0 PID: 504 Comm: modprobe Tainted: G O 5.5.0-rc6-00009-g09462ab4014b-dirty #24
> Stack:
> 601c2f89 70108638 6d68fab0 601c1209
> 6d68fad0 601a9777 6cf2b240 7317f000
> 6d68fb40 601a2ae9 6f15b118 00000001
> Call Trace:
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> __kasan_check_write (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/common.c:102)
> __free_pages (/home/tester/vlab/linux/./arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h:125 /home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:748 /home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/linux/page_ref.h:139 /home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/linux/mm.h:593 /home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/page_alloc.c:4823)
> __vunmap (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/vmalloc.c:2303 (discriminator 2))
> ? __asan_load4 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:251)
> ? sysfs_create_bin_file (/home/tester/vlab/linux/fs/sysfs/file.c:537)
> __vfree (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/vmalloc.c:2356)
> ? delete_object_full (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kmemleak.c:693)
> vfree (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/vmalloc.c:2386)
> ? sysfs_create_bin_file (/home/tester/vlab/linux/fs/sysfs/file.c:537)
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> load_module (/home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/linux/jump_label.h:254 /home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/linux/jump_label.h:264 /home/tester/vlab/linux/./include/trace/events/module.h:31 /home/tester/vlab/linux/kernel/module.c:3927)
> ? kernel_read_file_from_fd (/home/tester/vlab/linux/fs/exec.c:993)
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> __do_sys_finit_module (/home/tester/vlab/linux/kernel/module.c:4019)
> ? sys_finit_module (/home/tester/vlab/linux/kernel/module.c:3995)
> ? __asan_store8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> sys_finit_module (/home/tester/vlab/linux/kernel/module.c:3995)
> handle_syscall (/home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/um/kernel/skas/syscall.c:44)
> userspace (/home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/um/os-Linux/skas/process.c:173 /home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/um/os-Linux/skas/process.c:416)
> ? save_registers (/home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/um/os-Linux/registers.c:18)
> ? arch_prctl (/home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/x86/um/syscalls_64.c:65)
> ? calculate_sigpending (/home/tester/vlab/linux/kernel/signal.c:200)
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> ? __asan_load8 (/home/tester/vlab/linux/mm/kasan/generic.c:252)
> fork_handler (/home/tester/vlab/linux/arch/um/kernel/process.c:154)
>
> johannes
>

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