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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/3] driver core: Break infinite loop when deferred probe can't be satisfied
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Hi Andy,

On 09/03/2020 16.11, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> Consider the following scenario.
>
> The main driver of USB OTG controller (dwc3-pci), which has the following
> functional dependencies on certain platform:
> - ULPI (tusb1210)
> - extcon (tested with extcon-intel-mrfld)
>
> Note, that first driver, tusb1210, is available at the moment of
> dwc3-pci probing, while extcon-intel-mrfld is built as a module and
> won't appear till user space does something about it.
>
> This is depicted by kernel configuration excerpt:
>
> CONFIG_PHY_TUSB1210=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_ULPI=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_DUAL_ROLE=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_PCI=y
> CONFIG_EXTCON_INTEL_MRFLD=m
>
> In the Buildroot environment the modules are probed by alphabetical ordering
> of their modaliases. The latter comes to the case when USB OTG driver will be
> probed first followed by extcon one.
>
> So, if the platform anticipates extcon device to be appeared, in the above case
> we will get deferred probe of USB OTG, because of ordering.
>
> Since current implementation, done by the commit 58b116bce136 ("drivercore:
> deferral race condition fix") counts the amount of triggered deferred probe,
> we never advance the situation -- the change makes it to be an infinite loop.
>
> ---8<---8<---
>
> [ 22.187127] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 1
>
> ...here is the late initcall triggers deferred probe...
>
> [ 22.191725] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func in deferred list
>
> ...dwc3.0.auto is the only device in the deferred list...
>
> [ 22.198727] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func 1 <<< counter 1
>
> ...the counter before mutex is unlocked is kept the same...
>
> [ 22.205663] platform dwc3.0.auto: Retrying from deferred list
>
> ...mutes has been unlocked, we try to re-probe the driver...
>
> [ 22.211487] bus: 'platform': driver_probe_device: matched device dwc3.0.auto with driver dwc3
> [ 22.220060] bus: 'platform': really_probe: probing driver dwc3 with device dwc3.0.auto

here dwc3 does ulpi_register_interface() which will make the tusb1210 to
probe as it is an ulpi_driver.

> [ 22.238735] bus: 'ulpi': driver_probe_device: matched device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi with driver tusb1210
> [ 22.247743] bus: 'ulpi': really_probe: probing driver tusb1210 with device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi
> [ 22.256292] driver: 'tusb1210': driver_bound: bound to device 'dwc3.0.auto.ulpi'
> [ 22.263723] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 2
>
> ...the dwc3.0.auto probes ULPI, we got successful bound and bumped counter...
>
> [ 22.268304] bus: 'ulpi': really_probe: bound device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi to driver tusb1210

and it probes fine as it has no dependencies.

> [ 22.276697] platform dwc3.0.auto: Driver dwc3 requests probe deferral
>
> ...but extcon driver is still missing...

and the dwc3 will ulpi_unregister_interface() which makes the tusb1210
to be removed as a result since the ulpi bus it was sitting on disappeared.

>
> [ 22.283174] platform dwc3.0.auto: Added to deferred list
> [ 22.288513] platform dwc3.0.auto: driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger local counter: 1 new counter 2
>
> ...and since we had a successful probe, we got counter mismatch...
>
> [ 22.297490] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 3
> [ 22.302074] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func 2 <<< counter 3
>
> ...at the end we have a new counter and loop repeats again, see 22.198727...
>
> ---8<---8<---

Nice

> Revert of the commit helps, but it is probably not helpful for the initially
> found regression. Artem Bityutskiy suggested to use counter of the successful
> probes instead. This fixes above mentioned case and shouldn't prevent driver
> to reprobe deferred ones.

Hrm, but at 22.256292 the tusb1210 is successfully bound which would
increment the probe_okay?

Ah, I see you effectively counting the probes, increment the probe_okay
on bound and decrement it in release of the driver.

It surely going to balance back in your case as dwc3 registers the ulpi
interface (which triggers probes on the ulpi bus) and when dwc3 defers
it unregisters the ulpi interface (which causes the drivers to be
removed as well).

I think in theory this should not break the original fix if I play that
(parallel probing of drivers with dependencies) scenario down in my head ;)

Let me see, successful probe will trigger the deferred list always.
If any driver successfully probed between the start of really_probe and
the driver which is probing got deferred then the counter should
indicate that -> we will reprobe the driver by kicking the deferred list.

Unfortunately I don't have a setup to test this, but I trust you and
Artem enough to:

Reviewed-by: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@ti.com>

> Fixes: 58b116bce136 ("drivercore: deferral race condition fix")
> Suggested-by: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@linaro.org>
> Cc: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@ti.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi@kernel.org>
> Cc: Andrzej Hajda <a.hajda@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/base/dd.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++------------------
> 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
> index b25bcab2a26b..43720beb5300 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/dd.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
> @@ -53,7 +53,6 @@
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(deferred_probe_mutex);
> static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_pending_list);
> static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_active_list);
> -static atomic_t deferred_trigger_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> static struct dentry *deferred_devices;
> static bool initcalls_done;
>
> @@ -147,17 +146,6 @@ static bool driver_deferred_probe_enable = false;
> * This functions moves all devices from the pending list to the active
> * list and schedules the deferred probe workqueue to process them. It
> * should be called anytime a driver is successfully bound to a device.
> - *
> - * Note, there is a race condition in multi-threaded probe. In the case where
> - * more than one device is probing at the same time, it is possible for one
> - * probe to complete successfully while another is about to defer. If the second
> - * depends on the first, then it will get put on the pending list after the
> - * trigger event has already occurred and will be stuck there.
> - *
> - * The atomic 'deferred_trigger_count' is used to determine if a successful
> - * trigger has occurred in the midst of probing a driver. If the trigger count
> - * changes in the midst of a probe, then deferred processing should be triggered
> - * again.
> */
> static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
> {
> @@ -170,7 +158,6 @@ static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
> * into the active list so they can be retried by the workqueue
> */
> mutex_lock(&deferred_probe_mutex);
> - atomic_inc(&deferred_trigger_count);
> list_splice_tail_init(&deferred_probe_pending_list,
> &deferred_probe_active_list);
> mutex_unlock(&deferred_probe_mutex);
> @@ -350,6 +337,19 @@ static void __exit deferred_probe_exit(void)
> }
> __exitcall(deferred_probe_exit);
>
> +/*
> + * Note, there is a race condition in multi-threaded probe. In the case where
> + * more than one device is probing at the same time, it is possible for one
> + * probe to complete successfully while another is about to defer. If the second
> + * depends on the first, then it will get put on the pending list after the
> + * trigger event has already occurred and will be stuck there.
> + *
> + * The atomic 'probe_okay' is used to determine if a successful probe has
> + * occurred in the midst of probing another driver. If the count changes in
> + * the midst of a probe, then deferred processing should be triggered again.
> + */
> +static atomic_t probe_okay = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> +
> /**
> * device_is_bound() - Check if device is bound to a driver
> * @dev: device to check
> @@ -375,6 +375,7 @@ static void driver_bound(struct device *dev)
> pr_debug("driver: '%s': %s: bound to device '%s'\n", dev->driver->name,
> __func__, dev_name(dev));
>
> + atomic_inc(&probe_okay);
> klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_driver, &dev->driver->p->klist_devices);
> device_links_driver_bound(dev);
>
> @@ -481,18 +482,18 @@ static atomic_t probe_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(probe_waitqueue);
>
> static void driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(struct device *dev,
> - int local_trigger_count)
> + int local_probe_okay_count)
> {
> driver_deferred_probe_add(dev);
> /* Did a trigger occur while probing? Need to re-trigger if yes */
> - if (local_trigger_count != atomic_read(&deferred_trigger_count))
> + if (local_probe_okay_count != atomic_read(&probe_okay))
> driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
> }
>
> static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> {
> int ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
> - int local_trigger_count = atomic_read(&deferred_trigger_count);
> + int local_probe_okay_count = atomic_read(&probe_okay);
> bool test_remove = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_TEST_DRIVER_REMOVE) &&
> !drv->suppress_bind_attrs;
>
> @@ -509,7 +510,7 @@ static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
>
> ret = device_links_check_suppliers(dev);
> if (ret == -EPROBE_DEFER)
> - driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_trigger_count);
> + driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_probe_okay_count);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> @@ -619,7 +620,7 @@ static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> case -EPROBE_DEFER:
> /* Driver requested deferred probing */
> dev_dbg(dev, "Driver %s requests probe deferral\n", drv->name);
> - driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_trigger_count);
> + driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_probe_okay_count);
> break;
> case -ENODEV:
> case -ENXIO:
> @@ -1148,6 +1149,8 @@ static void __device_release_driver(struct device *dev, struct device *parent)
> dev_pm_set_driver_flags(dev, 0);
>
> klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_driver);
> + atomic_dec(&probe_okay);
> +
> device_pm_check_callbacks(dev);
> if (dev->bus)
> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
>

- Péter

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