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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 2/4] arm64: kdump: reserve crashkenel above 4G for crash dump kernel
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Dear John,

On 3/11/2020 10:16 PM, John Donnelly wrote:
> Hi
>
>
>> On Mar 10, 2020, at 9:42 PM, Prabhakar Kushwaha <prabhakar.pkin@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> Dear John,
>>
>>
>> On Tue, Mar 10, 2020 at 11:25 PM John Donnelly
>> <john.p.donnelly@oracle.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>> On Mar 10, 2020, at 12:34 PM, John Donnelly <John.P.Donnelly@Oracle.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 3/10/20 12:04 PM, Prabhakar Kushwaha wrote:
>>>>> On 3/9/2020 11:53 PM, John Donnelly wrote:
>>>>>> On 3/9/20 10:51 AM, Prabhakar Kushwaha wrote:
>>>>>>> On 3/9/2020 10:18 AM, Prabhakar Kushwaha wrote:
>>>>>>>> Hi Chen,
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, Mar 7, 2020 at 4:36 PM Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@huawei.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On 2020/3/5 18:13, Prabhakar Kushwaha wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> On Mon, Dec 23, 2019 at 8:57 PM Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@huawei.com>
>>>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Crashkernel=X tries to reserve memory for the crash dump kernel under
>>>>>>>>>>> 4G. If crashkernel=X,low is specified simultaneously, reserve
>>>>>>>>>>> spcified
>>>>>>>>>>> size low memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then
>>>>>>>>>>> reserve
>>>>>>>>>>> memory above 4G.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@huawei.com>
>>>>>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>>>>> arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 8 +++++++-
>>>>>>>>>>> arch/arm64/mm/init.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>>>>>>>>>>> 2 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
>>>>>>>>>>> index 56f6645..04d1c87 100644
>>>>>>>>>>> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
>>>>>>>>>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
>>>>>>>>>>> @@ -238,7 +238,13 @@ static void __init
>>>>>>>>>>> request_standard_resources(void)
>>>>>>>>>>> kernel_data.end <= res->end)
>>>>>>>>>>> request_resource(res, &kernel_data);
>>>>>>>>>>> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
>>>>>>>>>>> - /* Userspace will find "Crash kernel" region in
>>>>>>>>>>> /proc/iomem. */
>>>>>>>>>>> + /*
>>>>>>>>>>> + * Userspace will find "Crash kernel" region in
>>>>>>>>>>> /proc/iomem.
>>>>>>>>>>> + * Note: the low region is renamed as Crash kernel
>>>>>>>>>>> (low).
>>>>>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>>>>>> + if (crashk_low_res.end && crashk_low_res.start >=
>>>>>>>>>>> res->start &&
>>>>>>>>>>> + crashk_low_res.end <= res->end)
>>>>>>>>>>> + request_resource(res, &crashk_low_res);
>>>>>>>>>>> if (crashk_res.end && crashk_res.start >=
>>>>>>>>>>> res->start &&
>>>>>>>>>>> crashk_res.end <= res->end)
>>>>>>>>>>> request_resource(res, &crashk_res);
>>>>>>>>>>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
>>>>>>>>>>> index b65dffd..0d7afd5 100644
>>>>>>>>>>> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
>>>>>>>>>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
>>>>>>>>>>> @@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
>>>>>>>>>>> {
>>>>>>>>>>> unsigned long long crash_base, crash_size;
>>>>>>>>>>> int ret;
>>>>>>>>>>> + phys_addr_t crash_max = arm64_dma32_phys_limit;
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line,
>>>>>>>>>>> memblock_phys_mem_size(),
>>>>>>>>>>> &crash_size, &crash_base);
>>>>>>>>>>> @@ -87,12 +88,38 @@ static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
>>>>>>>>>>> if (ret || !crash_size)
>>>>>>>>>>> return;
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> + ret = reserve_crashkernel_low();
>>>>>>>>>>> + if (!ret && crashk_low_res.end) {
>>>>>>>>>>> + /*
>>>>>>>>>>> + * If crashkernel=X,low specified, there may be
>>>>>>>>>>> two regions,
>>>>>>>>>>> + * we need to make some changes as follows:
>>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>>> + * 1. rename the low region as "Crash kernel (low)"
>>>>>>>>>>> + * In order to distinct from the high region and
>>>>>>>>>>> make no effect
>>>>>>>>>>> + * to the use of existing kexec-tools, rename the
>>>>>>>>>>> low region as
>>>>>>>>>>> + * "Crash kernel (low)".
>>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>>> + * 2. change the upper bound for crash memory
>>>>>>>>>>> + * Set MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE upper bound for
>>>>>>>>>>> crash memory.
>>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>>> + * 3. mark the low region as "nomap"
>>>>>>>>>>> + * The low region is intended to be used for crash
>>>>>>>>>>> dump kernel
>>>>>>>>>>> + * devices, just mark the low region as "nomap"
>>>>>>>>>>> simply.
>>>>>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>>>>>> + const char *rename = "Crash kernel (low)";
>>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>>> + crashk_low_res.name = rename;
>>>>>>>>>>> + crash_max = MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE;
>>>>>>>>>>> + memblock_mark_nomap(crashk_low_res.start,
>>>>>>>>>>> + resource_size(&crashk_low_res));
>>>>>>>>>>> + }
>>>>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>>>>> crash_size = PAGE_ALIGN(crash_size);
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> if (crash_base == 0) {
>>>>>>>>>>> /* Current arm64 boot protocol requires 2MB
>>>>>>>>>>> alignment */
>>>>>>>>>>> - crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(0,
>>>>>>>>>>> arm64_dma32_phys_limit,
>>>>>>>>>>> - crash_size, SZ_2M);
>>>>>>>>>>> + crash_base = memblock_find_in_range(0, crash_max,
>>>>>>>>>>> crash_size,
>>>>>>>>>>> + SZ_2M);
>>>>>>>>>>> if (crash_base == 0) {
>>>>>>>>>>> pr_warn("cannot allocate crashkernel
>>>>>>>>>>> (size:0x%llx)\n",
>>>>>>>>>>> crash_size);
>>>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> I tested this patch series on ARM64-ThunderX2 with no issue with
>>>>>>>>>> bootargs crashkenel=X@Y crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> $ dmesg | grep crash
>>>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] crashkernel reserved: 0x0000000b81200000 -
>>>>>>>>>> 0x0000000c81200000 (4096 MB)
>>>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] Kernel command line:
>>>>>>>>>> BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
>>>>>>>>>> root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro
>>>>>>>>>> crashkernel=4G@0xb81200000 crashkernel=250M,low nowatchdog earlycon
>>>>>>>>>> [ 29.310209] crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> $ kexec -p -i /boot/vmlinuz-`uname -r`
>>>>>>>>>> --initrd=/boot/initrd.img-`uname -r` --reuse-cmdline
>>>>>>>>>> $ echo 1 > /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq ; echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> But when i tried with crashkernel=4G crashkernel=250M,low as bootargs.
>>>>>>>>>> Kernel is not able to allocate memory.
>>>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] cannot allocate crashkernel (size:0x100000000)
>>>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] Kernel command line:
>>>>>>>>>> BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
>>>>>>>>>> root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro crashkernel=4G
>>>>>>>>>> crashkernel=250M,low nowatchdog
>>>>>>>>>> [ 29.332081] crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> does crashkernel=X@Y mandatory to get allocated beyond 4G?
>>>>>>>>>> am I missing something?
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I can't reproduce the problem in my environment, can you test with
>>>>>>>>> other size,
>>>>>>>>> such as "crashkernel=1G crashkernel=250M,low", see if there is the
>>>>>>>>> same issue.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I tried 1G also. Same error, please find the logs
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> $ dmesg | grep crash
>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] cannot allocate crashkernel (size:0x40000000)
>>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] Kernel command line:
>>>>>>>> BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
>>>>>>>> root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro nowatchdog earlycon
>>>>>>>> crashkernel=1G crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>>> [ 29.326916] crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Besides, crashkernel=X@Y isn't mandatory to get allocated beyond 4G,
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> this was my understanding also.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> can you show the whole file /proc/iomem.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> $ cat /proc/iomem
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI ECAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI ECAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:0f
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:10
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:10:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:10:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:05
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:09
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:10.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ahci
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:10.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ahci
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:80
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:83
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:83:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:83:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : nvme
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:89
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : e1000e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : e1000e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : e1000e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:8d
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:8d:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:8d:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : mpt3sas
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : Kernel code
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : Kernel data
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901D:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901E:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901F:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV9006:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV9006:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ARMH0011:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ARMH0011:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.0.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.0.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.1.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.1.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.2.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.2.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901D:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901E:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901F:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV9007:06
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : CAV9007:06
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.3.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.3.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.4.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.4.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.5.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : arm-smmu-v3.5.auto
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : System RAM
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : reserved
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:00
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:01
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:05
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : bnx2x
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:09
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : i40e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : i40e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : i40e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : i40e
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:0f.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : xhci-hcd
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:0f.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:0f.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : xhci-hcd
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:0f.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:10.0
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ahci
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : 0000:00:10.1
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : ahci
>>>>>>>> 00000000-00000000 : PCI Bus 0000:80
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> resending with correct logs (after login as root)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> $ cat /proc/iomem
>>>>>>> 30000000-37ffffff : PCI ECAM
>>>>>>> 38000000-3fffffff : PCI ECAM
>>>>>>> 40000000-5fffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00
>>>>>>> 40000000-417fffff : PCI Bus 0000:0f
>>>>>>> 40000000-417fffff : PCI Bus 0000:10
>>>>>>> 40000000-40ffffff : 0000:10:00.0
>>>>>>> 41000000-4101ffff : 0000:10:00.0
>>>>>>> 41800000-418fffff : PCI Bus 0000:01
>>>>>>> 41800000-4183ffff : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>> 41840000-4187ffff : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>> 41900000-419fffff : PCI Bus 0000:05
>>>>>>> 41900000-4197ffff : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>> 41980000-419fffff : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>> 41a00000-41afffff : PCI Bus 0000:09
>>>>>>> 41a00000-41a7ffff : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>> 41a80000-41afffff : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>> 41b00000-41b0ffff : 0000:00:10.0
>>>>>>> 41b00000-41b0ffff : ahci
>>>>>>> 41b10000-41b1ffff : 0000:00:10.1
>>>>>>> 41b10000-41b1ffff : ahci
>>>>>>> 60000000-7fffffff : PCI Bus 0000:80
>>>>>>> 60000000-600fffff : PCI Bus 0000:83
>>>>>>> 60000000-6001ffff : 0000:83:00.0
>>>>>>> 60020000-60023fff : 0000:83:00.0
>>>>>>> 60020000-60023fff : nvme
>>>>>>> 60100000-601fffff : PCI Bus 0000:89
>>>>>>> 60100000-6017ffff : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>> 60100000-6017ffff : e1000e
>>>>>>> 60180000-601bffff : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>> 601c0000-601dffff : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>> 601c0000-601dffff : e1000e
>>>>>>> 601e0000-601e3fff : 0000:89:00.0
>>>>>>> 601e0000-601e3fff : e1000e
>>>>>>> 60200000-603fffff : PCI Bus 0000:8d
>>>>>>> 60200000-602fffff : 0000:8d:00.0
>>>>>>> 60300000-6030ffff : 0000:8d:00.0
>>>>>>> 60300000-6030ffff : mpt3sas
>>>>>>> 802f0000-8030ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6247000-e6247fff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6720000-e690ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6a90000-e6a9ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6ab0000-e721ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e7240000-e7240fff : reserved
>>>>>>> fac00000-fafdffff : reserved
>>>>>>> 400040400-40004041f : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>> 400040480-400040567 : CAV901D:00
>>>>>>> 400040480-400040567 : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>> 400040600-40004073b : CAV901E:00
>>>>>>> 400040600-40004073b : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>> 400041400-40004177f : CAV901F:00
>>>>>>> 400041400-40004177f : CAV901C:00
>>>>>>> 402000100-402000fff : CAV9006:00
>>>>>>> 402000100-402000fff : CAV9006:00
>>>>>>> 402020000-40202ffff : ARMH0011:00
>>>>>>> 402020000-40202ffff : ARMH0011:00
>>>>>>> 402300000-40230ffff : arm-smmu-v3.0.auto
>>>>>>> 402300000-40230ffff : arm-smmu-v3.0.auto
>>>>>>> 402320000-40232ffff : arm-smmu-v3.1.auto
>>>>>>> 402320000-40232ffff : arm-smmu-v3.1.auto
>>>>>>> 402340000-40234ffff : arm-smmu-v3.2.auto
>>>>>>> 402340000-40234ffff : arm-smmu-v3.2.auto
>>>>>>> 440040400-44004041f : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>> 440040480-440040567 : CAV901D:01
>>>>>>> 440040480-440040567 : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>> 440040600-44004073b : CAV901E:01
>>>>>>> 440040600-44004073b : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>> 440041400-44004177f : CAV901F:01
>>>>>>> 440041400-44004177f : CAV901C:01
>>>>>>> 4421a0000-4421affff : CAV9007:06
>>>>>>> 4421a0000-4421affff : CAV9007:06
>>>>>>> 442300000-44230ffff : arm-smmu-v3.3.auto
>>>>>>> 442300000-44230ffff : arm-smmu-v3.3.auto
>>>>>>> 442320000-44232ffff : arm-smmu-v3.4.auto
>>>>>>> 442320000-44232ffff : arm-smmu-v3.4.auto
>>>>>>> 442340000-44234ffff : arm-smmu-v3.5.auto
>>>>>>> 442340000-44234ffff : arm-smmu-v3.5.auto
>>>>>>> b81200000-c811fffff : System RAM
>>>>>>> b81280000-b8270ffff : Kernel code
>>>>>>> b82710000-b82dfffff : reserved
>>>>>>> b82e00000-b83168fff : Kernel data
>>>>>>> b83169000-baccd7fff : reserved
>>>>>>> c78a00000-c7fffffff : reserved
>>>>>>> c80129000-c801a9fff : reserved
>>>>>>> c801aa000-c809e9fff : reserved
>>>>>>> c809ec000-c809eefff : reserved
>>>>>>> c809ef000-c811fffff : reserved
>>>>>>> 10000000000-13fffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00
>>>>>>> 10000000000-100013fffff : PCI Bus 0000:01
>>>>>>> 10000000000-100007fffff : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>> 10000800000-10000ffffff : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>> 10001000000-1000101ffff : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>> 10001020000-1000103ffff : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>> 10001040000-1000104ffff : 0000:01:00.0
>>>>>>> 10001050000-1000105ffff : 0000:01:00.1
>>>>>>> 10001400000-100037fffff : PCI Bus 0000:05
>>>>>>> 10001400000-1000140ffff : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>> 10001400000-1000140ffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10001410000-1000141ffff : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>> 10001410000-1000141ffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10001800000-10001ffffff : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>> 10001800000-10001ffffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10002000000-100027fffff : 0000:05:00.0
>>>>>>> 10002000000-100027fffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10002800000-10002ffffff : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>> 10002800000-10002ffffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10003000000-100037fffff : 0000:05:00.1
>>>>>>> 10003000000-100037fffff : bnx2x
>>>>>>> 10003800000-100053fffff : PCI Bus 0000:09
>>>>>>> 10003800000-10003ffffff : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>> 10003800000-10003ffffff : i40e
>>>>>>> 10004000000-100047fffff : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>> 10004000000-100047fffff : i40e
>>>>>>> 10004800000-10004bfffff : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>> 10004c00000-10004ffffff : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>> 10005000000-10005007fff : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>> 10005000000-10005007fff : i40e
>>>>>>> 10005008000-1000500ffff : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>> 10005008000-1000500ffff : i40e
>>>>>>> 10005010000-1000510ffff : 0000:09:00.0
>>>>>>> 10005110000-1000520ffff : 0000:09:00.1
>>>>>>> 10005400000-1000540ffff : 0000:00:0f.0
>>>>>>> 10005400000-1000540ffff : xhci-hcd
>>>>>>> 10005410000-1000541ffff : 0000:00:0f.0
>>>>>>> 10005420000-1000542ffff : 0000:00:0f.1
>>>>>>> 10005420000-1000542ffff : xhci-hcd
>>>>>>> 10005430000-1000543ffff : 0000:00:0f.1
>>>>>>> 10005440000-1000544ffff : 0000:00:10.0
>>>>>>> 10005440000-1000544ffff : ahci
>>>>>>> 10005450000-1000545ffff : 0000:00:10.1
>>>>>>> 10005450000-1000545ffff : ahci
>>>>>>> 14000000000-17fffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:80
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> failure with crashkernel=1G
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> :~$ dmesg | grep crash
>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] cannot allocate crashkernel (size:0x40000000)
>>>>>>> [ 0.000000] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
>>>>>>> root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro nowatchdog earlycon
>>>>>>> crashkernel=1G crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>> [ 29.326916] crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> My mistake . I thought you were trying to allocate crashkernel AT 4G.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> That would be :
>>>>>>
>>>>>> crashkernel=1024M@4G
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> But you are also allocating an additional 250M low too ?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> In your example
>>>>>>
>>>>>> crashkernel=1G - that is asking for 1024M in low memory.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> That likely won't work - from your own memory map there is no free
>>>>>> segment that size :
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> 802f0000-8030ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6247000-e6247fff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6720000-e690ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6a90000-e6a9ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e6ab0000-e721ffff : reserved
>>>>>>> e7240000-e7240fff : reserved
>>>>>>> fac00000-fafdffff : reserved
>>>>>>
>>>>>> The maximum size I've been able to use is 800M in the low 4GB range
>>>>>> using a 5.4.17 kernel.
>>>>>>
>>>>> I am confused. I was following "[PATCH v7 4/4] kdump: update
>>>>> Documentation about crashkernel on arm64"
>>>>> + On arm64, use "crashkernel=Y[@X]". Note that the start address of
>>>>> the kernel, X if explicitly specified, must be aligned to 2MiB
>>>>> (0x200000).
>>>>> + If crashkernel=Z,low is specified simultaneously, reserve spcified size
>>>>> + low memory for crash kdump kernel devices firstly and then reserve
>>>>> memory
>>>>> + above 4G.
>>>>> here is my understanding, if i pass crashkernel=1G crashkernel=250M,low
>>>>> in bootargs.
>>>>> - Linux will allocate first 250M in low memory (< 4G mem range)
>>>>> - Than rest 850M will be allocate from above 4G memory.
>>>>> So, parameters passed by me is correct and memory should be allocated.
>>>>> please help me if my understanding is wrong.
>>>>> --pk
>>>>
>>>> Hi
>>>>
>>>> Have you built a 5.5 kernel with these v4 patches applied ?
>>>>
>>>> These changes are not in a release yet.
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> I meant with v7 patches ;-). You also need a corresponding kexec CLI with fixes in it .
>>>
>>
>> Yes, I have applied v7 patches to 5.6-rc4.
>> After using kexec-tools() patches[1] on kexec-tools 2.0.20.git, It is
>> working now. Logs are below. Thanks!!
>>
>>
>> $ dmesg | grep crash
>> [ 0.000000] Reserving 500MB of low memory at 3182MB for crashkernel
>> (System low RAM: 2029MB)
>> [ 0.000000] crashkernel reserved: 0x000000be98c00000 -
>> 0x000000bf98c00000 (4096 MB)
>> [ 0.000000] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
>> root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro crashkernel=4G
>> crashkernel=500M,low nowatchdog earlycon module_blacklist=qed,qede
>> [ 29.322393] crashkernel=500M,low
>>
>>
>
>
> When you set crashkernel=4G , it automatically picked a range above 4GB ?
>
> I was under the impression it attempts to use < 4GB .
>
>

this is strange, i even tried with 4G, 100M low.

from logs looks like it is allocating 4G + 100M memory for crashkernel.
Not like first 200M from < 4G and rest > 4G address region.


2$ dmesg | grep crash
[ 0.000000] Reserving 100MB of low memory at 3866MB for crashkernel
(System low RAM: 2029MB)
[ 0.000000] crashkernel reserved: 0x000000be98c00000 -
0x000000bf98c00000 (4096 MB)
[ 0.000000] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.6.0-rc4+
root=UUID=866b8df3-14f4-4e11-95a1-74a90ee9b694 ro crashkernel=4G
crashkernel=100M,low nowatchdog earlycon module_blacklist=qed,qede
[ 29.314977] crashkernel=100M,low
root@ubuntu-saber2$


f1a00000-f7dfffff : reserved
f1a00000-f7dfffff : Crash kernel (low)

9ffd000000-bffcffffff : System RAM
be18000000-be97ffffff : reserved
be98c00000-bf98bfffff : Crash kernel

/proc/iomem also allocating space at 2 locations with tolal 4G + 100M.


What is the behavior on your platform.

--pk



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