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SubjectRe: [PATCH v17 09/12] PCI/AER: Allow clearing Error Status Register in FF mode
On 3/11/2020 4:27 PM, Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan wrote:
> Hi,
> On 3/11/20 1:33 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>> On Wed, Mar 11, 2020 at 05:27:35PM +0000, wrote:
>>> On 3/11/2020 12:12 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>> <SNIP>
>>>> I'm probably missing your intent, but that sounds like "the OS can
>>>> read/write AER bits whenever it wants, regardless of ownership."
>>>> That doesn't sound practical to me, and I don't think it's really
>>>> similar to DPC, where it's pretty clear that the OS can touch DPC bits
>>>> it doesn't own but only *during the EDR processing window*.
>>> Yes, by treating AER bits like DPC bits I meant I'd define the specific
>>> time windows when OS can touch the AER status bits similar to how it's
>>> done for DPC in the current ECN.
>> Makes sense, thanks.
>>>>>>> For the normative text describing when OS clears the AER bits
>>>>>>> following the informative flow chart, it could say that OS clears
>>>>>>> AER as soon as possible after OST returns and before OS processes
>>>>>>> _HPX and loading drivers. Open to other suggestions as well.
>>>>>> I'm not sure what to do with "as soon as possible" either. That
>>>>>> doesn't seem like something firmware and the OS can agree on.
>>>>> I can just state that it's done after OST returns but before _HPX or
>>>>> driver is loaded. Any time in that range is fine. I can't get super
>>>>> specific here because different OSes do different things. Even for
>>>>> a given OS they change over time. And I need something generic
>>>>> enough to support a wide variety of OS implementations.
>>>> Yeah. I don't know how to solve this.
>>>> Linux doesn't actually unload and reload drivers for the child devices
>>>> (Sathy, correct me if I'm wrong here) even though DPC containment
>>>> takes the link down and effectively unplugs and replugs the device. I
>>>> would *like* to handle it like hotplug, but some higher-level software
>>>> doesn't deal well with things like storage devices disappearing and
>>>> reappearing.
>>>> Since Linux doesn't actually re-enumerate the child devices, it
>>>> wouldn't evaluate _HPX again. It would probably be cleaner if it did,
>>>> but it's all tied up with the whole unplug/replug problem.
>>> DPC resets everything below it and so to get it back up and running it
>>> would mean that all buses and resources need to be assigned, _HPX
>>> evaluated, and drivers reloaded. If those things don't happen then the
>>> whole hierarchy below the port that triggered DPC will be inaccessible.
>> Hmm, I think I might be confusing this with another situation. Sathy,
>> can you help me understand this? I don't have a way to actually
>> exercise this EDR path. Is there some way the pciehp hotplug driver
>> gets involved here?

If the port has hot-plug enabled then DPC trigger will cause the link to
go down (disabled state) and will generate a DLLSC hot-plug interrupt.
When DPC is released, the link will become active and generate another
DLLSC hot-plug interrupt.

>> Here's how this seems to work as far as I can tell:
>> - Linux does not have DPC or AER control
>> - Linux installs EDR notify handler
>> - Linux evaluates DPC Enable _DSM
>> - DPC containment event occurs
>> - Firmware fields DPC interrupt
>> - DPC event is not a surprise remove
>> - Firmware sends EDR notification
>> - Linux EDR notify handler evaluates Locate _DSM
>> - Linux reads and logs DPC and AER error information for port in
>> containment mode. [If it was an RP PIO error, Linux clears RP PIO
>> error status, which is an asymmetry with the non-RP PIO path.]
>> - Linux clears AER error status (pci_aer_raw_clear_status())
>> - Linux calls driver .error_detected() methods for all child devices
>> of the port in containment mode (pcie_do_recovery()). These
>> devices are inaccessible because the link is down.
>> - Linux clears DPC Trigger Status (dpc_reset_link() from
>> pcie_do_recovery()).
>> - Linux calls driver .mmio_enabled() methods for all child devices.
>> This is where I get lost. These child devices are now accessible, but
>> they've been reset, so I don't know how their config space got
>> restored. Did pciehp enumerate them? Did we do something like
>> pci_restore_state()? I don't see where either of these happens.
> AFAIK, AER error status registers  are sticky (RW1CS) and hence
> will be preserved during reset.

In our testing, the device directly connected to the port that was
contained does get reprogrammed and the driver is reloaded. These are
hot-plug slots and so might be due to DLLSC hot-plug interrupt when
containment is released and link goes back to active state.

However, if a switch is connected to the port where DPC was triggered
then we do not see the whole switch hierarchy being re-enumerated.

Also, DPC could be enabled on non-hot-plug slots so can't always rely on
hot-plug to re-init devices in the recovery path.

>> So they want to basically do native AER handling even though firmware
>> owns AER? My head hurts.
> No, Its meant only for clearing AER registers. In EDR path, since
> OS owns clearing DPC registers, they want to let OS own clearing AER
> registers as well. Also,  it would give OS a chance to decide whether
> we want to keep the device on based on error status and history of the
> device attached.

Right. The way it was pitched to me was that the OSVs wanted to
read/clear the error status bits so they could re-use the code that does
that when OS natively owns AER/DPC.

>> Bjorn

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